After-Cultivation process for Crop Production


• The tillage operations that are carried out in the standing crop are called after tillage.

• Collectively, the cultivation practices taken up after sowing of crop is called inter-cultivation.

• It otherwise called as after operation or inter-culturing.

It facilitates good aeration, and better development of root system.

Broadly, there are three Inter-cultivation practices: Thinning and gap filling, weeding and hoeing and earthing up.

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Thinning and Gap Filling:

• The objective of thinning and gap filling process is to maintain optimum plant population.

• Thinning is the removal of excess plants leaving healthy seedlings.

• Gap filling is done to fill the gaps by sowing of seeds or transplanting of seedlings in gap where early sown seed had not germinated.

• It is a simultaneous process.

• Normally, these are practiced a week after sowing to a maximum of 15 days. In dryland agriculture, gap filling is done first.

Weeding and Hoeing:

• Weeding is the process of eliminating competition of unwanted plants to the regular crop in respect to nutrition and moisture. So that crops can be grown profitably. It also facilitates other operations like irrigation and fertilizer application.

• Weeding and hoeing is simultaneous operation.

• Hoeing is disturbing the top soil by small hand tools which helps in aerating the soil.


• It is the process of putting the earth or soil just near the base for certain crops like Sugar cane, Cassava, Papaya, Potato, etc. to give support to the plants.

• Sugarcane, Papaya, Banana – To avoid lodging

• Cassava, Potato – To provide more soil volume for the growth of tubers. Vegetables – To facilitate irrigation.

• It is carried out in wide spaced and deep-rooted crops.

• It is done around 6-8 weeks after sowing / planting in sugarcane, tapioca, banana, etc.

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