Agricultural Current Affairs July 2019

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Agricultural Current Affairs

1. What is the name of the scheme launched by central government, that allow beneficiaries to buy subsidized food grains from any ration shop in the country ? 

1) One Nation One Ration Card

2) One Ration One Nation

3) One Ration Card through Nation

4) One Nation and One Ration

5) None of these

Answer – 1) One Nation One Ration Card

Explanation: The central government’s ambitious project of ‘One Nation One Ration Card’, under which beneficiaries can buy subsidized food grains from any ration shop in the country.

2. By which year the scheme, “One Nation One Ration Card” will be available to users in India ? 

1) 1 June 2020

2) 1 July 2020

3) 1 December 2019

4) 1 April 2020

5) None of these

Answer – 2) 1 July 2020

Explanation: The central government’s ambitious project of ‘One Nation One Ration Card’, under which beneficiaries can buy subsidized food grains from any ration shop in the country will begin on 1 July 2020. Deadline: The Centre has given states and Union Territories time till June 30, 2020, to use point of sale (PoS) machines in the ration shops and roll out the scheme. Present status: 77% of the ration shops across the country have PoS machines.Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Telangana, and Tripura are the states already providing portability of Public Distribution System (PDS) entitlements.

3. Who formed the high powered 9 member committee of chief ministers for transforming Indian agriculture and raising farmers’ income? 

1) Narendra Modi

2) Amit Shah

3) Nirmala Sitharaman

4) Ravi Shankar Prasad

5) None of these

Answer – 1) Narendra Modi

Explanation: Prime Minister Narendra Modi formed a high powered 9 member committee of chief ministers for transforming Indian agriculture and raising farmers’ income. It will suggest policy measures, attract investments and raise growth in food processing. The panel will be serviced by NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog. 

4. Who chairs the high powered 9 member committee of chief ministers for transforming Indian agriculture and raising farmers’ income, which will suggest policy measures, attract investments and raise growth in food processing? 

1) Bhupesh Baghel

2) Pema Khandu

3) Sarbananda Sonowal

4) Devendra Fadnavis

5) None of these

Answer – 4) Devendra Fadnavis

Explanation: Prime Minister Narendra Modi formed a high powered 9 member committee of chief ministers headed by Maharashtra chief minister Devendra Fadnavis for transforming Indian agriculture and raising farmers’ income. Members: H.D. Kumaraswamy, Chief Minister, Karnataka; Manohar Lal Khattar, Chief Minister, Haryana; Pema Khandu, Chief Minster, Arunachal Pradesh; Vijay Rupani, Chief Minister, Gujarat; Yogi Adityanath, Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh; Kamal Nath, Chief Minister, Madhya Pradesh,; Union Agriculture, Rural Development & Panchayati Raj Minister Narendra Singh Tomar and NITI Aayog member Ramesh Chand.  

5. Name the campaign launched by Gajendra Singh Shekhawat for conservation of water and water security in New Delhi ?

1) Jal Suraksha Abhiyan (JSA)

2) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA)

3) Jal Bharat Abhiyan (JBA)

4) Jal Upadhyaya Abhiyan (JUA)

5) None of these

Answer – 2) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA)

Explanation: On July 1, 2019, Union Jal Shakti Minister, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA)- a campaign for water conservation and water security in New Delhi. It will focus on 256 water stressed districts and 1,592 water stressed blocks.Launched in two phases, the first phase is between July 1, 2019, and September 15, 2019, for all participating States and the second phase, will be from October 1 to November 30, 2019, for States with a retreating monsoon.The 5 key intervention areas under the campaign include water conservation and rainwater harvesting, renovation of traditional and other water bodies, reuse, bore well recharge structures, watershed development, and intensive afforestation. 

()Agricultural Current Affairs)

6. Which entity has signed a Statement of Intent (SoI) with Union Agriculture Ministry to provide farmers with the weather forecast and soil moisture information ?

1) CISCO

2) International Business Machines (IBM)

3) Microsoft

4) Oracle

5) None of these

Answer – 2) International Business Machines (IBM)

Explanation: On July 3,2019 Union Agriculture Ministry signed a Statement of Intent (SoI) with IT major IBM (International Business Machines) to provide Farmers with the weather forecast and soil moisture information. SoI: It was signed in the presence of Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar and junior minister Kailash Choudhary, and other senior officials.Study: Under the project, a pilot study will be undertaken for the Kharif crop season 2019 in three districts of Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Rajkot(Gujarat )and Nanded (Maharashtra ). 

7. Which crop’s Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) was increased for 2019-20 Season by the Cabinet recently ?

1) Rabi Crops

2) Zaid Crops

3) Kharif Crops

4) All the above

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Kharif crops

Explanation: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the increase in the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for all kharif crops for 2019-20 Season.

8. Name the Scheme, which is extended to fisheries and animal husbandry farmers in order to assist them to meet their working capital needs. ?

1) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana(DDUGKY)

2) Kisan Credit Card (KCC)

3) Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY)

4) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA)

5) None of these

Answer – 2) Kisan Credit Card (KCC)

Explanation: On July 2, 2019, The Minister of State for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Pratap Chandra Sarangi in a written reply in Lok Sabha informed that the facility of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) has been extended to fisheries and animal husbandry farmers in order to assist them to meet their working capital needs. Extension of KCC facility will help to meet the short term credit requirements of farmers in rearing of animals, poultry birds and other aquatic organisms and capture of fish.The credit limit for the existing KCC holders is Rs 3 lakh including animal husbandry and fisheries activities and KCC holders for animal husbandry and fisheries have the credit limit of Rs. 2 lakh to meet their working capital requirements for animal husbandry and fisheries activities.

9. Which state topped in the “Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index” (AMFFRI) for the year 2019 for implementing most of the marketing reforms? 

1) Madhya Pradesh

2) Maharashtra

3) Gujarat

4) Rajasthan

5) None of these

Answer – 2) Maharashtra

Explanation: “Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index” (AMFFRI) for the year 2019 to rank states and union territories based on the implementation of seven provisions proposed under the model Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) Act.Ranking: Maharashtra was ranked first for implementing most of the marketing reforms. Gujarat secured the second rank with a score of 71.5 out of 100, followed by Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.Scores: The Index had scores ranged from 0-100. Minimum value “0” implies no reforms and maximum value “100” implies complete reforms in the selected areas.

10. Name the Organization which released the index titled “Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index” (AMFFRI) ?

1) Reserve Bank of India

2) National Development Council

3) National Institution for Transforming India(NITI)Aayog

4) Planning Commission

5) None of these

Answer – 3) National Institution for Transforming India(NITI)Aayog

Explanation: NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog released its “Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index” (AMFFRI) for the year 2019. It is an index launched by NITI Aayog in 2016. 

(Agricultural Current Affairs)

11. Which city is set to host the 3rd edition of International Sunflower Seed and Oil Conference (ISSOC) 2019 ? 

1) Bengaluru, Karnataka

2) Maharashtra, Mumbai

3) Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

4) Hyderabad, Telangana

5) None of these

Answer – 2) Maharashtra, Mumbai

Explanation: India will be hosting the 3rd edition of International Sunflower Seed and Oil Conference (ISSOC) 2019 in Maharashtra, Mumbai (on July 19-20) with the aim to encourage better communications among sunflower oil producers, industry groups, academic researchers and local governments.The event hosted by the Solvent Extractors’ Association of India (SEA) & Organized by International Sunflower Oil Association (ISOA) will see the participation of around 300 delegates from across the world with interests in sunflower seed, oil, and meal.The 1st edition was held in 2015 at Shanghai, China and the 2nd edition was held in 2017 at Odessa, Ukraine. 

12. Which country is the largest importer of sunflower oil with imports of about 2.8 million tonnes ? 

1) Russia

2) U.S.

3) China

4) India

5) None of these

Answer – 4) India

Explanation: India is the largest importer of sunflower oil with imports of about 2.8 million tones and globally the import is about 9.6 million tonnes.In 2018-19, globally the sunflower seed production is at 51.41 million tonnes, sunflower oil at 19.45 million tonnes and sunflower meal at 20.90 million tonnes. 

13. For which wild animal species, the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched a project for undertaking ‘immunocontraceptive measures’ for population management? 

1) Elephant, Wild boar, Monkeys and Blue Bull (Nilgai)

2) Bengal Tiger, Indian Bison, Elephant and Wild boar

3) Indian Leopard, Bengal Tiger, Indian Bison and Elephant

4) Indian Rhinoceros, Blue Bull (Nilgai), Wild boar and Monkeys

5) None of these

Answer – 1) Elephant, Wild boar, Monkeys and Blue Bull (Nilgai)

Explanation: Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched a project for undertaking ‘immunocontraceptive measures’ for population management of 4 species of wild animals namely Elephant, Wild boar, Monkeys and Blue Bull (Nilgai).Need: Human-elephant conflict caused the maximum number of casualties. Between 2014 and March 2019, 2,398 people died in an elephant attack in the country. West Bengal had a maximum number of such deaths. Immunocontraception: It is a birth control method that uses the body’s immune response to prevent pregnancy.

14. Where was the Agri Business Incubation Centre set up by Union Agriculture Ministry recently ?

1) Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar

2) Indira Gandhi Agriculture University of Raipur, Chhattisgarh

3) Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University of Hyderabad, Telangana

4) Indian Agricultural Research Institute of New Delhi

5) None of these

Answer – 2) Indira Gandhi Agriculture University of Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Explanation: An Agri Business Incubation Centre has been set up by the Union Agriculture Ministry in Indira Gandhi Agriculture University of Raipur, Chhattisgarh under the National Agriculture Development Scheme Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RAFTAAR).It focuses on innovations, skill building and entrepreneurs development in agriculture and allied sectors.It will help to grow agri-preneurship in the state and foster a start-up culture.

15. How much amount is given as monthly pension to the beneficiaries after attaining the age of 60 years under Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan ? 

1) Rs.3000

2) Rs.2000

3) Rs.1500

4) Rs.1000

5) None of these

Answer – 1) Rs.3000

Explanation: This scheme assures the minimum monthly pension of 3000 rupees to the beneficiaries after attaining the age of 60 years. In February 2019, Government of India (GoI) launched a voluntary and contributory pension scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan (PM-SYM) for the benefit of unorganized workers, as per the eligibility. 

(Agricultural Current Affairs)

16. More than how many people suffered hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition worldwide as per the report titled ”State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019” by United Nations agencies?

1) 810 million

2) 820 million

3) 830 million

4) 840 million

5) None of these

Answer – 2) 820 million

Explanation: On July 15, 2019, The report named State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019 produced by the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) was released.It stated that in the year 2018, more than 820 million people suffered from hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition worldwide. It is the for the third year in a row the number has risen. 

17. For which scheme, central government has approved a sum of Rs 206.8 crore that aims at double farmers’ income by the year 2022 ?

1) Agriculture Policy: Vision 2020

2) Policy on doubling farmers income

3) Implementation of Agriculture Export Policy

4) Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY)

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Implementation of Agriculture Export Policy

Explanation: On July 18, 2019, The central government has approved a sum of Rs 206.8 crore for a Central Sector Scheme called ‘Implementation of Agriculture Export Policy’, which aims at double farmers’ income by the year 2022.Of the total amount, Rs 134.50 crore has been allotted to setup clusters for mangoes, pomegranate, and marine products, etc along with pre & post-harvest management of the production, upgrading the supply chain to achieve high exports.The scheme also entails the sum for post-harvest infrastructure in clusters, capacity building, grant towards Public-Private Partnership (PPP)for Integrated Agriculture Development (IAD) and laboratories.

18. Which country has finalized a new veterinary health protocol for the export of breeder sheep to India ? 

1) Germany

2) United Kingdom

3) United States

4) Australia

5) None of these

Answer – 4) Australia

Explanation: Australia and India recently finalized a new veterinary health protocol for the export of Australian breeder sheep to India. To mark the occasion, Australia’s High Commissioner to India, Harinder Sidhu, hosted an event where the protocol was exchanged with Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Tarun Shridhar. Australia and India have the foundations of its agriculture relationship over decades, with cooperation on wheat and wool stemming since 1960. 

19. Under which mission, the imported sheep from Australia becomes a part of a sheep breeding program for wool development ? 

1) National wool development

2) National Livestock Mission

3) National Sheep for wool development

4) National Mission for Livestock

5) None of these

Answer – 2) National Livestock Mission

Explanation: Australian sheep will be part of a sheep breeding program for wool development, an initiative under India’s National Livestock Mission. ii. It is expected that the first sheep will arrive in India in September-October 2019 for settling at the Uttarakhand State Wool Development Board. 

20. Name the bank, which reaffirmed its support to Andhra Pradesh with over $1 billion programme that covers health, agriculture, energy and disaster management sectors.

1) New Development Bank(NDB)

2) Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB)

3) World Bank (WB) 4) Asian Development Bank(ADB)

5) None of these

Answer – 3) World Bank (WB)

Explanation: On July 21, 2019, The World Bank (WB) reaffirmed the support to the state of Andhra Pradesh with over $1 billion programs. It covers the health, agriculture, energy and disaster management sectors.A new $328 million support to the health sector was signed by the World Bank with the Government of Andhra Pradesh Background: The Government of India (GoI) had withdrawn its request to the World Bank for financing the proposed Amaravati Sustainable Infrastructure and Institutional Development Project on July 15, 2019.

(Agricultural Current Affairs)

21. Under which scheme more than 7 crore 32 lakh farmer families across India received the first and second instalments of Rs 2000 ? 

1) Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana(PMMVY)

2) Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana(PMJJBY)

3) Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PMKSNY)

4) Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana(PMSBY)

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PMKSNY)

Explanation: Under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PMKSNY), more than 7 crore 32 lakh farmer families across India received the first and second instalments of Rs 2000 each amounting to 14 thousand 646 crore rupees.The list was topped by Uttar Pradesh with over two crores twenty lakh farmer families followed by Andhra Pradesh with 72 lakh and Maharastra 50 lakh farmers. 

22. CACP was in news recently, the word ‘A’ stands for ____ .

1) A – Agricultural

2) A – Altruism

3) A – Absolute

4) A – Assets

5) None of these

Answer – 1) A – Agricultural

Explanation: A stands for Agricultural.The full form of CACP is Commission of Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP).

1) Lambakheda, Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh

2) Mahudi, Gandhinagar district of Gujarat

3) Manderdisa, Dima Hasao district of Assam

4) Behta, Lucknow of Uttar Pradesh

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Manderdisa, Dima Hasao district of Assam

Explanation: Minister of State (I/C), Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) Dr Jitendra Singh chaired and briefed about the progress report of 100 Days Action Plan for Ministry of DoNER.It sanctioned 200 projects worth about Rs 3,000 crore.First Bamboo Industrial Park will be set up at Manderdisa in Dima Hasao district of Assam in an area of 75 hectares at a cost of Rs. 50 crores.49 projects worth Rs 1231.94 crore were achieved by the Ministry.8 new projects worth Rs. 586.3 crore were sanctioned under NERSDS and NESIDS schemes. 

24. What is the average monthly income per agricultural household from all sources as per the Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) ? 

1) Rs. 6,426

2) Rs. 6,326

3) Rs. 6,226

4) Rs. 6,126

5) None of these

Answer – 1) Rs. 6,426

Explanation: On July 26, 2019, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar stated that the average monthly income per agricultural household from all sources is Rs. 6,426 in the country based on the Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) during its 70th round (January 2013-December 2013).

(Agricultural Current Affairs)

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