Agricultural Current Affairs June 2019

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Agricultural Current Affairs

#How much of monthly pension has been approved by cabinet to small traders, businessmen, and shopkeepers under Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana (PMKPY) on 31st May 2019? 

1.2000

2.2500

3.3000

4.3500

5.None of these

Answer – 3.3000

Explanation: Cabinet meeting chaired by PM Modi has approved to give monthly pension of Rs 3,000 to small traders, businessmen, and shopkeepers after they attain the age of 60 years. All small shopkeepers, self-employed persons and retail traders who have Goods and Services Tax (GST) turnover below Rs 1.5 crore and also aged between 18 years to 40 years are eligible under the scheme. This decision will benefit 5 crore small traders in the upcoming three years.

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Under which scheme Union Cabinet has approved the extension from earlier two hectares of land to all eligible farmer families, irrespective of the size of their landholding? 

1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

2. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana

3. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana

4. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

5. None of these

Answer – 1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi

Explanation: The newly formed Union Cabinet has given its consent for the extension of the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana ((PM-KISAN) to all eligible farmer families, irrespective of the size of their landholding. Earlier, it was applicable to farmers having two hectares of land. The Cabinet also cleared pension schemes Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana for farmers. It will provide a minimum fixed pension of Rs 3,000 per month to farmers above the age of 60.

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Cabinet approved new initiative to control Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and ___to support livestock rearing farmers ?

1.Encephalitis

2.Brucellosis

3.Cowpox

4.Syphilis

5.None of these

Answer – 2.Brucellosis

Explanation: The Cabinet, first since the outcome of the 2019 Lok Sabha election, approved a new initiative to control Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis to support livestock rearing farmers The FMD and Brucellosis is a common threat among livestock like cow-bulls, buffaloes, sheeps, goats, pigs etc.

#When was the World Milk Day observed?

1.May 30th

2.May 31st

3.June 1st

4.June 2nd

5.None of these

Answer – 3.June 1st

Explanation: Annually, on June 1, the world celebrates Global Milk Day in a bid to spread awareness about the consumption of Milk and the benefits of its nutrition. The theme for World Milk Day 2019 is “Drink Milk: Today & Everyday”. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#World Environment Day is observed annually on ___?

1) June 2

2) June 3

3) June 4

4) June 5

5) None of these

Answer – 4) June 5

Explanation: World Environment Day (WED) is observed on June 5 every year. It is celebrated to raise awareness about environmental issues pertaining to our planet and the action to be taken to tackle them. This day was observed for the first time in 1974 by the United Nations. 

#Which country has selected to host World Environment Day 2019 ? 

1) Japan

2) India

3) China

4) U.S.

5) None of these

Answer – 3) China

Explanation: World Environment Day (WED) is observed on June 5 every year. China was selected as the host country for World Environment Day 2019. In 2018, India was the host country. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Who launched #SelfiewithSapling campaign during World Environment Day 2019 ?

1) Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi

2) Prakash Javadekar

3) Dharmendra Pradhan

4) Harsh Vardhan

5) None of these

Answer – 2) Shri Prakash Javadekar

Explanation: Shri Prakash Javadekar, Union Environment Minister launched the #SelfiewithSapling campaign. This campaign urges the public to plant a sapling and post a selfie with it on social media. He also planted a sapling in the premises of Films Division in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The event witnessed the participation of the top celebrities from the Film Industry. 

#What was the theme of the World Environment Day 2019 ?

1) Theme – “Beat land Pollution”

2) Theme – “Beat Water Pollution”

3) Theme – “Beat Plastic Pollution”

4) Theme – “Beat Air Pollution”

5) None of these

Answer – 4) Theme – “Beat Air Pollution”

Explanation: The theme of the World Environment Day 2019 is ‘Beat Air Pollution’. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Name the book on biodiversity series, released during World Environment Day 2019?

1) The diversity of life

2) Six Degrees: Our Future on a Hotter Planet

3) Reptiles of the Northern Western Ghats

4) The World Without Us

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Reptiles of the Northern Western Ghats

Explanation: Third book of the biodiversity series named “Reptiles of the Northern Western Ghats” was launched in an event in Mumbai by Minesh Dave, President Transmission and Distribution in the presence of its co-author and devoted conservationist, Professor Dr Satish Pande, director of Ela Foundation, along with Vivek Vishwasrao, head – Estate (LG), Tata Power. This book covers details of over 123 endangered species of reptiles. It was launched by Tata Power in association with Ela Foundation. It has details regarding different species of snakes, crocodiles, tortoise, lizards and chameleons nestled in one of the world’s important biodiversity hotspots.

( Agricultural Current Affairs)
#Food grains production stood at ____ million tones, as per the 3rd Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 2018-19 by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare ?

1) 285.37 million tonnes

2) 283.37 million tonnes

3) 287.37 million tonnes

4) 289.37 million tonnes

5) None of these

Answer – 2) 283.37 million tonnes

Explanation: On June 3, 2019, The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare released the 3rd Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 201819. The data was based on the feedback received from States and validated with information available from other sources. As per 3rd Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during 2018-19 is as follows:Food grains production stood at 283.37 million tonnes, which was higher by 17.62 million tonnes than the previous five years’ (2013-14 to 2017-18) average production of food grain. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Bancha became India’s first all-solar kitchen village, it is in which state?

1) Kolasib district of Mizoram

2) Kiphire district of Nagaland

3) Betul district of Madhya Pradesh

4) Nanded district of Maharashtra

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Betul district of Madhya Pradesh

Explanation: Bancha in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh became the first village in India to have zero wooden stoves. There was no use for Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) cylinders as all 75 houses relied on solar-powered stoves to meet their cooking needs. The solar-powered stoves were developed by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mumbai. The project of installing plates, solar-powered batteries and stoves in all the houses was started in September 2017 and was completed by December 2018.

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

# Which country has recognized forests as living entities on the World Environment Day ? 

1) Ecuador

2) Costa Rica

3) Nicaragua

4) El Salvador

5) None of these

Answer – 4) El Salvador

Explanation: The Legislative Assembly of El Salvador has recognized forests as living entities on the World Environment Day (5th June 2019). Its citizens will now be required to preserve forests and respect them as more than just property.Since the 1960s, El Salvador has lost about 85% of its native forests and the planet as a whole has lost about 80 percent of its native forests. A coalition in El Salvador named “Yes for the Rights of Nature” (Sí por los Derechos de la Naturaleza), has environmentalists and social leaders called for recognizing forests as living entities. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Name the new species of ‘paddy frog’, which is discovered from from Northeast India, primarily Assam ?

1) Dapylil

2) Hammer

3) Aishani

4) Hopper

5) None of these

Answer – 3) Aishani

Explanation: Scientists from Delhi University and the Wildlife Institute of India along with researchers from Indonesia and the US found a new species of ‘paddy frog’ from Northeast India, primarily Cachar district of Assam. The study was published in PeerJ, a peer-reviewed journal.The new species of ‘paddy frog’ has been named ‘aishani’ or aisani, means Northeast in Sanskrit. Its scientific name is Micryletta aishani. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Which country has become the largest fish producing country as per the report released by the Fisheries Department ? 

1) Japan

2) China

3) India

4) Indonesia

5) None of these

Answer – 2) China

Explanation: On June 18, 2019, According to the report released by the Fisheries Department, India is the second largest fish producing country in the world after China as it accounts for 6.3 percent of the global fish production. It also states that the fisheries sector registers a 7 percent growth rate, sustaining 14.5 million fishermen. 23rd session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission(IOTC).Rajni Sekhri Sibal, Secretary, Department of Fisheries addressed the 23rd session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) held in Hyderabad, where she states that 30 percent of the Indian EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) is spread across the Andaman, Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands, but only 1 percent comprises production of tuna fish.

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Who was the first Chinese elected as the new director general of the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ?

1) Zhou Ziqi

2) Xu Shichang

3) Feng Guozhang

4) Qu Dongyu

5) None of these

Answer – 4) Qu Dongyu

Explanation: On June 23, 2019, China’s agricultural deputy minister, Qu Dongyu(55) elected as the new director general of the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) at Rome, Italy. He won 108 votes, followed by Catherine Geslain-Laneelle of France (the first woman to run for the post, a former head of the European Food Safety Authority)with 71 votes and Georgia’s Davit Kirvalidze(a former agriculture minister) with 12 votes in the first round of voting. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#Which year is set as a target to double farmers income using digital technology in rural India and setting up Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) & Agricultural Technology Management Agencies (ATMA)? 

1) 2022

2) 2020

3) 2025

4) 2030

5) None of these

Answer – 1) 2022

Explanation: The Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar announced that central Government has decided to use digital technology in rural India to double farmers’ income by the year 2022. For this, the Government has set up 713 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) and 684 Agricultural Technology Management Agencies (ATMA) at the district level in the country for dissemination of technologies among the farming community. 

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

#How much percent of Indian children under five years will still be stunted by 2022 as per the report on Food & Nutrition Security (FNS) of India? 

1) 32.7%

2) 31.4%

3) 33.5%

4) 39.5%

5) None of these

Answer – 2) 31.4%

Explanation: The report on Food & Nutrition Security (FNS) Analysis of India developed by UN (United Nations) World Food Programme Reduction: Stunting in children in India under the age of five has reduced at a rate of about 1% per year in the last decade. India must double its rate of progress to reach the target of 25% by 2022 set by the National Nutrition Mission.stated that 31.4% of Indian children under five years will still be stunted by 2022. 

#International Micro, Small and Medium-sized (MSME) Enterprises Day is observed annually on _____?

1) June 24

2) June 26

3) June 27

4) June 25

5) None of these

Answer – 3) June 27

Explanation: International Micro, Small and Medium-sized (MSME) Enterprises Day 2019 was observed on June 27. It aims to recognize the importance of Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in achieving sustainable development goals, promoting innovation, creativity and sustainable work for all.International Trade Center, the United Nations launched its flagship report: “The SME Competitiveness Outlook 2019: Big money for small businesses”.The Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises organized an international convention on the theme “Indian MSMEs, Global Aspirations” in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by Shri Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister for MSME and Road Transport & Highways.

( Agricultural Current Affairs)

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