Agriculture Current Affair 9 December 2022

Wheat sowing up 25 pc so far this rabi season at 255.76 lakh hectares; oilseeds acreage up 9 pc

Wheat acreage has increased by 25 per cent so far in the ongoing rabi season at 255.76 lakh hectares mainly on higher sowing area in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, the government data showed. The area under coverage for wheat, which is the major crop in rabi (winter-sown) season, stood at 203.91 lakh hectares in the same period last year.

Sowing of rabi crops starts from October.

Higher area has been reported from Uttar Pradesh (20.09 lakh hectares), Madhya Pradesh (13.48 lakh hectares), Rajasthan (5.32 lakh hectares), Gujarat (2.61 lakh hectares), Maharashtra (2.43 lakh hectares), Bihar (2.24 lakh hectares), Punjab (1.32 lakh hectares) and Haryana (1.28 lakh hectares).

Increase in wheat sowing area augurs well for the country as the domestic production had fallen to 106.84 million tonnes in the 2021-22 crop year (July-June) from 106.84 million tonnes in the previous year.

Over 6,000 farmers trained under sustainable castor programme

Project Pragati aims to enable sustainable castor crop production by using good agricultural practices to increase yield and income

Over 6,200 farmers have been trained, audited and certified under project Pragati, the sustainable castor programme being implemented over past six years in Gujarat.

Founded in May 2016 by Arkema, BASF, Jayant Agro Organics and implementation partner Solidaridad, Pragati aims to enable sustainable castor crop production by using good agricultural practices to increase yield and income. It also aims at promoting efficient water use, maintaining soil fertility, driving adoption of good waste management practices and enabling better health and safety among others.

After six years, the programme has led to production of over 50,000 tonnes of certified castor seed, reduction of water consumption by approximately 30 per cent in demo plots. Over 6,000 hectares are now being farmed in in accordance with the SuCCESS sustainable castor code.

First time in India, State Seed Farm Aluva gets carbon neutral status

The farm had 43 tonnes of carbon emissions and 213 tonnes of carbon storage

State Seed Farm Aluva near Kochi has become the first seed farm in the country to achieve carbon neutral status.

Carbon neutral indicates that emissions made during agricultural practices in a farm must be absorbed into the soil itself. Normally, agricultural practices emit a lot of carbon dioxide. As per scientific studies, agriculture and livestock account for 14 per cent of India’s gross national greenhouse gas emissions. However, the usage of power for agriculture activities will push up the emission to 22 per cent.

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