Agriculture MCQ with Explanation Important For Competitive Exams Part-3

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Agriculture MCQ

Q) Which of the following is the Value of Lapse Rate?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] 6.5°C/km
[2] 7.5°C/km
[3] 8.5°C/km
[4] 9.5°C/km
[5] 5.5°C/km

[Answer]: [1] 6.5°C/km

[Explanation]
Lapse Rate – The decrease in air temperature with height is known as the normal environmental lapse rate and it is 6.5°C/km.

Q) Red Data Book contains information about?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Red coloured insects
[2] Red eyed birds
[3] Endangered plants and animals
[4] Red coloured fishes
[5] None of these

[Answer] :[3] Endangered plants and animals

[Explanation]
The Red Data Book is a type of a public document, which is created for the recordings of endangered and rare  species including plants, animals, fungi and as well as some local subspecies, which are present within the  region of the state or country. The red data book helps us in providing complete information for research,  studies and also for monitoring the programs on rare and endangered species and their habits. This book is  mainly created to protect those species, which are in danger of being extinct, lost, harmed or not able to
continue their life cycle. These species can either be animals or birds or plants.

Q) What is the smallest volume that can be called “a Soil”?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Pedon
[2] Polypedon
[3] Pedopol
[4] Monopod
[5] None of the above

[Answer] [1] Pedon

[Explanation]
A Pedon is the smallest volume that can be called “a Soil”. The set of Pedons must fit within the range of one  series and occur in a contiguous group to form a Polypedon.

Q) Which of the following irrigation systems is also termed as ON & OFF Irrigation System?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Drip Irrigation
[2] Sprinkler Irrigation
[3] Surge irrigation
[4] Furrow Irrigation
[5] None of the above

[Answer] [3] Surge Irrigation

[Explanation]
Surge irrigation: Surge irrigation is the application of water in to the furrows intermittently in a series of  relatively short ON and OFF times of irrigation cycle. It has been found that intermittent application of water reduces the infiltration tare over surges thereby the water front advances quickly. Hence, reduced net irrigation water requirement. This also results in more uniform soil moisture distribution and storage in the  crop root zone compared to continuous flow. The irrigation efficiency in between 85 and 90%.

Q) Integrated Scheme for Agriculture Marketing was launched in which year?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] 2012
[2] 2014
[3] 2010
[4] 2008
[5] None of the above

[Answer]: [2]

[Explanation]
Six schemes of 11th plan period have been merged in a single integrated scheme from April 1, 2014

Q) Which of the following are in-situ methods of conservation?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] National Parks
[2] Sacred Grooves
[3] Biosphere Reserves
[4] Wildlife Sanctuaries
[5] All of these

[Answer] [5] All of these

[Explanation]
In-situ (on-site) conservation includes the protection of plants and animals within their natural habitats or in  protected areas. Protected areas are land or sea dedicated to protect and maintain biodiversity. Also in-situ  conservation can be of various types – protection of habitats; Species-oriented projects; sacred forests and  sacred lakes. On farm techniques are used to conserve agro-biodiversity.About 4% of the total geographical  area of the country is used for in situ conservation. The following methods are presently used for in situ conservation. Biosphere reserves-18, National parks- 104, Wild-life sanctuaries- 543, Biodiversity hotspots-4.

Q) Removal of male bud in banana is technically known as?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Tipping
[2] Disbudding
[3] Threshing
[4] Denavelling
[5] All of the above

[Answer] [4] Denavelling

[Explanation]
Removal of male buds (Denavelling) Removal of male buds helps fruit development and increases bunch  weight. Male buds are removed from the last 1-2 small hands with a clean cut keeping a single finger in the  last hand.

Q) _____ is a weather-based indicator for assessing crop development.(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Growing Degree Days
[2] Thermal Death Point
[3] Sun Clad
[4] Heat Units
[5] Temperature Inversion

[Answer] [1] Growing Degree Days

[Explanation]
Growing Degree Days – Growing Degree Days (GDD) is a weather-based indicator for assessing crop development. It is a calculation used by crop producers that is a measure of heat accumulation used to predict plant and pest development rates such as the date that a crop reaches maturity.

Q) Which of the following is not an example of Green Manure?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Cowpea
[2] Dhaincha
[3] Sunhemp
[4] Mothbean
[5] Bird Guano

[Answer] [5] Bird Guano

[Explanation]
Green Manure is an example of Bulky Organic Manure. Given below is the list of Green Manures.
 Cowpea
 Dhaincha
 Mothbean
 Greengram
 Sunhemp
 Blackgram
Bird Guano is Concentrated Organic Manure. It is the excreta and dead remains of the bird.

Q) Which of the following is not related to Commercial Broiler Strains?(Agriculture MCQ)

[1] Cobb,
[2] Hubbard,
[3] Lohman,
[4] Anak
[5] Hyline

[Answer] [5] Hyline

[Explanation]
• Commercial Broiler Strains – Cobb, Hubbard, Lohman, Anak 2000, Avian – 34, Starbra
• Commercial Layer Strains – Bowans, Hyline, H & N Nick.

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