Agriculture One Liner Question for Competitive exam

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Agriculture One Liner

❖ Total Geographical Area of the country- 329 Mha

❖ Net sown area of the country- 140 Mha (42.57% of total area)

❖ Gross sown area of the country- 195 Mha

❖ Barren land area in the country- 41 Mha

❖ Degraded land area in the country- 63.85 Mha

❖ Waste land area in the country- 178 Mha

❖ Total Forest area in the country- 70.82 Mha (21.54% of total geographical area)

❖ State with highest forest area in the country is- Madhya Pradesh, followed by Arunachal
Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖ For maintaining ecological balance percentage of the land area should be under forest is-

❖ Irrigated area in India- 64.7 Mha (2018)

❖ Government of India declared “2018” as- National year of Millets

❖ India is the largest producer of Millets in world, harvesting about 11 million tones and
accounts for 40 percent of the world’s output.

❖ Contribution of Livestock to National GDP is- 4.5%

❖ Contribution of Livestock to Total Agricultural GDP- 27%

❖ The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2019 as the- International Year of
Indigenous Languages.

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖ Power house of Nutrients/Nutri-Cereals/Climate resilient crops are – Millets

❖ Cropping Intensity of India is – 136%

❖ Total number of KVKs at present is- 706 (as of MAY,2019)

❖ KVKs are under the administration control of- DDG of Agricultural extension

❖ For effective functioning and monitoring of KVKs, KVKs are divided into- 11 ATARI
Zones saarthi education Aurangabad

❖ Highest Number of KVKs are in – Zone 3 (U.P.)

❖ Acronym of ATARI –Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes
(ATARIs formerly called as Zonal Project Directorates)

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖ Growth rate of Agriculture sector during 2017-18 is- 2.4%

❖  Sampoorna Grammeen Rojgar Yojna was started in the year of 2001

❖  FCI was started in 1970

❖  FISCAL commission was appointed in 1949

❖  Multiple Cropping Programming was Started in 1966

❖  First irrigation commission was appointed in 1901

❖  first deptt of agriculture was established in 1881

❖  the extension work must be based on the-Need and interest of people

❖  Father of Extension- J paul Leagons

❖  father of Sociology- August Commte

❖  National agricultural innovation project was stared in — 2005

❖ Total number of national bureaux are — six

❖ Formula of coefficient of variance is-SD/Mean x 100

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖  t test is generally used, when sample size is 30

❖ The correlation coefficient lies between – l to + I

❖  The experimental design, which simultaneously control the variation in two directions is known as LSD

❖ The basic principles of field experimentation-I Replication 2 Randomized 3 Local control

❖  The technique of analysis of variance was developed by-R.A. Fisher

❖  If fertility gradient of land is in two directions, the experimental design will be-Latin Square design

❖  the most commonly used measure of control tendency is-Arithmetic mean

❖  Cumulative frequency is also known as — Ogive

❖ The term ‘ Kurtosis ‘ was given by-Karl Pearon (1906)

❖  Laplace used the normal distribution in-Analysis of errors of experiments

❖  the important method of least squares was introduced by-Legendre in 1805

❖ The name ” Normal distribution ” was coined independently by-Peirce Galton and Lexix, (1875)

❖ Normal distribution is also known as-Law of error, law of facility of error, lapace’s seconf law, gaussion law etc.

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖  Generalize mean is also known as-Power mean or Holder mean

❖  The standard deviation is widely used measure of-Variability or disperson

❖  The term standard deviation was first used by-Karl Pearson in 1894

❖  if mean, medium and mode is equal, then skewness will be — zero

❖  Correlation’s are useful because they can indicate a-Predictive relationship

❖  which ANOVA is used when the experimenter want to study the effects of two or more treatment variables-Factorial ANOVA

❖ Which ANOVA is used when the subjects are subjects to repeated measures, in which the same subjects are used for each treatment-Two- Way Anova

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖  The completely randomized design is considered to be most useful in situation where

❖  The experimental units are homogeneous

❖  The experimental are small such as Laboratory experiments

❖  Some experimental units are likely to be destroyed

❖  In field experiments the commonly used design is — RBD

❖ For chi- square test, the minimum sample size should be — 50

❖  Define biometry-It deals with observation with living thing

❖  mean, median and mode are equal in-normal distribution

❖  most frequent number in a data set, is known as-mode

❖  the well-known example of skewed distribution is-Personal wealth

(Agriculture One Liner)

1) Rice inflorescenec – panicle
2) Magnetic field unit.—Tesla
3) C3plant     -Wheat
4)Rh factor related human disease —– erythroblastosis
5) Father of agronomy – peter decresezi
6) Tea croping suitable temperature
7) In tea crop which sprayer is used
8) Cole crop – cabbage
9) Exotic goat — Angora
10) Wheat 1 irrigation—- CRI
11) cell wall part — pasmodesmata
12) Groundnut oil %  __46-51 %
13) Newtons first law of motion
14) Rice – foundation seed isolation distance
15)Chick-pea – early variety 105-110 days
16) False smut — Ustilaginoidea virens
17) TRYSEM scheme launch year– 1979
18)Mango HDP root stock
19) Dryland farming  — less than 750 mm
20) Drougt resistant – argemone maxicana

❖  Decomposition of manures is allowed to reduce the wide C:N ratio to about 25:1.

❖  The N fraction of FVM is mainly given by “Urine”.

❖  Old and sick animals produce FYM rich in nutrients.

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖ “Byre system of collection” is followed in government farms and in advanced countries to
collect FYM.

❖Composting: Converting organic materials into manure in a short time by accelerating

❖  C 3 plants –

The initial product of carbon assimilation is the three carbon compound .

The enzyme involved in the primary carboxylation is ribulose – 1,5 biosphosphate carboxylase photo respiration is high in these plants .

Rice , wheat , cotton , soyaben etc

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖  C 4 plants –
In these plants the primary product of carbon fixation is 4 carbon compound .

which may be malic acid or aspertic acid .

The enzyme responsible for carboxylation is phosphophenol pyruvic acid (PEP) carboxylase

This enzyme has high affinity for carbon di – oxide and capable of assimilating carbon di oxide even at lower concentrations

Sorghum , maize , sugarcane , bajra , ammranthus etc.

(Agriculture One Liner)

❖  crassulacean acid metabolism ( CAM ) plants

In these plants the stomata are open at night .

Large ammount carbon di oxide is fixed as malic acid

Which is stored in vacuoles

(Agriculture One Liner)

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