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Agro climatic Zones

Agro climatic Zones of India

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Agro climatic Zones

Agro climatic Zones of India:

The planning commission during VII plan (1985-90) divided the country into 15 broad agro-climatic zones based on physiographic and climate. The emphasis was given to the development of resources and their optimum utilization in a suitable manner within the framework of resources constraints and potentials of each region.

Agro climatic zones of India :- (Planning commission 1989)

1.Western Himalayan Region

Ladakh, Kashmir, Punjab, Jammu etc. brown soils & silty loam, steep slopes.

2. Eastern Himalayan Region

Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Darjeeling. Manipur etc. High rainfall and high forest covers heavy soil erosion, Floods.

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

3. Lower Gangatic plants Regions

West Bengal Soils mostly alluvial & are prone to floods.

4. Middle Gangatic plans Region

Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, High rainfall 39% irrigation, cropping intensity 142%.

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

5. Upper Gangatic Plains Region

North region of U.P. (32 districts) irrigated by canal & tube wells good ground water

6. Trans Gangatic plains Region

Punjab Haryana Union territory of Delhi, Highest sown area irrigated high

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

7 .Eastern Plateaus & Hills Region

Chota Nagpur, Garhjat hills, M.P, W. Banghelkhand plateau, Orissa, soils Shallow to medium sloppy, undulating Irrigation tank & tube wells.

8. Central Plateau & hills Region

Madhya Pradesh

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

9. Western Plateau & hills Region

Sahyadry, M.S. M.P. Rainfall 904 mm Sown area 65% forest 11% irrigation 12.4%

10. Southern Plateau & Hills Region

T. Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Typically semi and zone, Dry land Farming 81% Cropping Intensity 11%

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

11 .East coast plains & hills Region

Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh Orissa, Soils, alluvial, coastal sand, Irrigation

12. West coast plains & Hills Region

Sourashtra, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, T. Nadu, Variety of cropping Pattern, rainfall & soil types.

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

13. Gujarat plains & Hills Region

Gujarat (19 districts) Low rainfall arid zone. Irrigation 32% well and tube wells.

14. Western Dry Region

Rajasthan (9 districts) Hot. Sandy desert rainfall erratic, high evaporation. Scanty vegetation, femine draughts.

(Agro climatic Zones of India)

15. The Island Region

Eastern Andaman, Nikobar, Western Laksh dweep. Typical equatorial, rainfall 3000 mm (9 months) forest zone undulating.

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