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Horticulture

All About Horticulture

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Horticulture

HORTICULTURE

The term Horticulture is derived from the Latin words: “hortus” meaning garden and “cultura” meaning cultivation. Horticulture may be defined as the science and technique of production, processing and merchandizing of fruits, vegetables, flowers, spices, plantations, medicinal and aromatic plants.

Branches of Horticulture     The following are the branches of horticulture
Pomology : Cultivation of fruit crops

Olericulture : Cultivation of vegetables

Floriculture : Cultivation of flower crops

Plantation crops : Cultivation of crops like coconut, arecanut, rubber, coffee, tea etc.

Spices crop : Cultivation of crops like, cardamom, pepper, nutmeg etc.

Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cultivation of medicinal and aromatic crops

Post-Harvest : Post-harvest handling, grading, packaging, storage, processing, value addition, marketing etc. of horticulture crops.

Types of fruits

On basis of Temperature

Tropical: Mango, Banana, Papaya, Sapota, Pineapple, Coconut, Cashew, Arecanut, Breadfruit, Jackfruit and Avocado.

Subtropical : Guava, Grape, Citrus, Date palm, Phalsa, Pomegranate, Litchi and Loquat.

Temperate : Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum, Quince, Apricot, Walnut, Almond, Strawberry and Cherry.

  • However, this choice is not very rigid as some tropical crops which can be grown in subtropics and vice
    versa.

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