In this system, the plot is divided into rectangles instead of squares and trees are planted at the four corners of the rectangle in straight rows running at right angles. Like square system, this system also facilitates the inter-culture in two directions.
It is the most commonly used method and easy to lay out in the field.In this system, plant to plant and row to row distance is the same. The plants are at the right angle to each other, every unit of four plants forming a square.
In hexagonal system, the trees are planted in the corners of equilateral triangles.Six trees thus form a hexagon with another tree at its center accommodates 15 percent more plants.
This system is usually followed in the hilly areas with high slopes, but it is very much similar to the square/rectangular system. Bench terraces are used where the slope is greater than 10 per cent.
This system is exactly like the square system, but one additional tree is planted in the center of each square. The number of plants per acre by this system is almost doubled than the square system. Fruit trees like papaya, kinnow, phalsa, guava, peach, plum etc. can be planted as fillers.
In this system, trees are planted as in the square system but the plants in the 2nd, 4th, 6th and such other alternate rows are planted midway between the 1st, 3rd, 5th and such other alternative rows. This system provides more open space for the trees and for inter crop.
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