Aquaponics It’s Features, significance, Process and Benefits

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Aquaponics

A pilot ‘Aquaponics facility’ has been developed by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Mohali at Guru Angad Dev Veterinary University (GADVASU), Ludhiana

State-of-the-art facility: It is equipped with advanced sensors for monitoring and automated controls of the farming system

The supercomputing power being provided by C-DAC in developing agriculture technology

Funding Support was provided by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (Meity)

 Features

The facility is nearly 100% organic

Needs much less land for a given yield of crop. Consumes 90% less water

The fish and plants grown together are more nutritious

Significance:

Demand for fishes and crops (lettuce, spinach, capsicum, coriander, broccoli and some other leafy plants) is increasing rapidly in urban areas.

The aspirational rural youth will be drawn into the mainstreamwith help of this technology and
agri-economy will get a boost

This technique will help the farmer in increasing the productivity of his land

 Also augment farmer’s income especially in non-coastal areas

Aquaponics

Aquaponics is a system that combines hydroponics, soil-less agriculture, and aquaculture within a closed system

Hydroponics: It is a method of growing plants in a water-based, nutrient-rich solution

Hydroponics does not use soil, instead, the root system is supported using an inert medium such as clay pellets.

The basic premise behind hydroponics is to allow the plant’s roots to come in direct contact with the nutrient solution, while also having access to oxygen, which is essential for proper growth

Aquaculture: Breeding, raising, and harvesting fish, and aquatic plants

There are three biological components in the aquaponics process: fish, plants, and bacteria (for cycling of nutrients- ammonia to nitrate conversion).

Process:

With aquaponics, the farmer combines the aquaculture with hydroponic vegetables – the fish waste provides fertilizer for growing plants

The plants absorb nutrients and filter the water.

This filtered water is used to replenish the fish tank.

This is an environment friendly technique

The result is value-added, local production of both fish and vegetables together, using the same water.

Benefits:

Extremely water efficient. Does not require soil.

Does not use fertilizers or chemical pesticides

Prevents aquaculture waste from polluting nearby watersheds. Higher control on production leading to lower losses

Can be used on non-arable lands such as deserts, degraded soil or salty, sandy islands

While the creation of an aquaponics system may require a large initial investment, once it has been built it only incurs low recurring costs

In addition, aquaponics can offer quality-of-life improvements because the food is produced locally using comparatively simple harvest methods and culturally appropriate crops can be grown.

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

C-DAC is the premier Research & Development organization of the Ministry of Electronics and
Information Technology (Meity) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas

India’s first supercomputer PARAM 8000 was indigenously built (in 1991) by the C-DAC.

Various activities of C-DAC in the area of agriculture

 Electronic Nose and Vision (ENOVISION) system for measuring quality parameters of tea and rice

 This work is being extended to other products such as chilli, turmeric and to environmental engineering

This work is being extended to other products such as chilli, turmeric and to environmental engineering

C-DAC has also developed Wireless Data Logger used for determining the fitness of perishable agricultural items

Ubiquitous Agriculture (u-Agri): An Internet of Things (IoT) based system for acquiring micro-climate information from agricultural fields and providing personalized and localized advisories on Pest and Disease Forewarning and Irrigation Scheduling, to farmers.

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  4. Discount 80% IBPS SO Agriculture Officer previous year solved papers 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017 (6 years)
  5. Agronomy Notes Pdf Download
  6. Integrated Water Management Pdf Notes Download

 


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