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Bio-gas related topic for Competitive Exam

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Biogas

▪Biogas refers to a mixture of different gasesproduced by the breakdown of organic agrilearner matterin the absence of oxygen.

▪Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste. Biogas is a renewable agrilearner energy source.

▪Biogas is produced by anaerobic digestionwith methanogen or anaerobic organisms, which digest material inside a closed system, or fermentation of biodegradable materials.

▪This closed system is called an anaerobic digester, agrilearner biodigester or a bioreactor.

▪Best channel for Agriculture knowledge – {Agrilearner}.

▪Biogas is primarily methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small amounts of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), moisture and siloxanes.

▪ The gases methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide (CO) can {Agrilearner} be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy release allows biogas to be used as a fuel; it can be used for any heating purpose, such as cooking.agrilearner

▪It can also be used in a gas engine to convert the energy in the gas into electricity and heat.

▪Biogas is a mixture of methane & carbon dioxide

▪Pioneer of anaerobic digestion in India is S.V. Desai, for his first experiments on biogas production in 1939.

▪ This led to the development of the first Indian biogas plant in 1951, the Gramalaxi plant of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), better known as the KVIC digester.agrilearner

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