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Bottle gourd cultivation

Bottle gourd cultivation

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Bottle gourd cultivation

Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol) Standl.)
Family: Cucurbitaceae

Climate and soil requirement for growing bottle gourd

It requires warm growing season with a temperature ranging between 18-300C. It can be grown in various kinds of soils, but sandy loam to loamy soils are ideal.

Improved Varieties of bottle gourd

1.Punjab Long (1997): The plants are vigorous, profusely branched bearing cylindrical light green and shinning fruits. It is suitable for packaging and long-distance marketing. Average yield is 180 q/acre.

2.Punjab Komal (1988): It is an early maturing variety. The first fruit attains marketable maturity in about 70 days after sowing. It bears oblong, medium sized, light green, pubescent, 10-12 fruits per vine. It is tolerant to cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). Average yield is about 200 q/acre.

Bottle gourd cultivation

Bottle gourd cultivation practices

Sowing Time for growing bottle gourd

There are three distinct sowing seasons:

1. February- March

2. June-July

3. November-December (Under protection).

Seed Rate

Use two kg. Seed per acre.

Spacing

Prepare 2.0 to 2.5m wide beds and sow seed on both the sides of beds at a distance of 45-60 cm.

Manures and Fertilizers for Bottle Gourd

Bottle gourd cultivation

Apply 20-25 tons of farmyard manure per acre before preparation of beds. Add 14 kg N (30 kg. Urea) before sowing and another14 kg N (30 kg. Urea) at early picking stage.

Irrigation of Bottle gourd plants

First irrigation may be given just after sowing. The crop requires frequent irrigation. Summer season crop requires irrigation at 6-7 days interval whereas sparingly during the rainy season. The total number of irrigations would be 8-9.

After cultivation
Weeding can be done by hoeing as and when necessary. Fruit rot during rainy season can be checked by training the plants over the bamboo stick or dried branches.

Plant protection
Pests

Mites: Spray dicofol 18.5 % SC @ 2.5 ml per litre of water.

Aphid: Spray Imidachloprid @ 0.5 ml/lit along with sufficient quantity of stickers like Teepol, triton X100, apsa etc., for better adhesion and coverage.

Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars
Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars can be controlled by spraying Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit. or Dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit. or Methyl demeton 25 EC 1 ml/lit. 
Do not use DDT,copper and sulphur dust as these are phytotoxic.

Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew can be controlled by spraying Dinocap 1 ml/lit. or Carbendazim 0.5 g/lit or Tridemorph l ml/l.

Downy mildew
Downy mildew can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. twice at 10 days interval.

Harvesting of Bottle gourd

The crop is ready for harvesting in about 60-70 days after sowing depending upon variety and season. Harvest only tender and medium sized fruits which are still tender and shining in color. In peak season, perform picking activity in every 3 or 4 days.

Yield
15 – 20 t/ha in 135 days

Seed Production

Isolate the seed crop field all around to a minimum distance of 800 meters from fields of other varieties of this crop. Perform a minimum of three field inspections to produce true to type seed. The first inspection before flowering, second at flowering and fruiting and third before harvesting of the fruits. Rogue out the off type and diseased plants. The fruits turn green dull at seed harvest stage. Dry the harvested fruits and extract the seeds, grade the seeds for packing.


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