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BIO-CHEMISTRY

Basics of Biotechnology

Basics of Biotechnology

BIOTECHNOLOGY Starch Slurry in Water (Liquefaction Bacterial amylase, 550C +Dextrins) (Saccarification Fungal amylase) Maltose (Amylo glucosidae) Glucose (Partial isomerization) Fructose + glucose · Variation created in tissue culture is called “Somaclonal variation”. · The specialized cells (B – cells) in the spleen and lymph glands release antibodies. · Monoclonal antibodies …

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Importance Of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrates (Carbohydrates) Compounds with empirical formula, (CH2O)n, were called as carbohydrates (hydrates of carbons). With the discoveries of many diverse carbohydrates it was noticed that many, but not all, carbohydrates have the above empirical formula; some also contain nitrogen, phosphorus or sulfur. There are some carbohydrates (derivatives) that do not …

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Introduction of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Introduction of Carbohydrates (Carbohydrates)Biochemistry, as the name implies, is the chemistry of living organisms.Living organisms, whether they are microorganisms, plants or animals are basically made up of the same chemical components. Biochemistry is the study of the way in which these components are synthesized and utilized by the organisms in …

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Haploid production

Haploid production

Haploid plants are characterized by possessing only a single set of chromosomes (gametophytic number of chromosomes i.e. n) in the sporophyte. This is in contrast to diploids which contain two sets (2n) of chromosomes. Haploid plants are of great significance for the production of homozygous lines (homozygous plants) and for …

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DNA synthesis

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis is a process by which copies of nucleic acid strands are made. In nature, DNA synthesis takes place in cells by a mechanism known as DNA replication. Using genetic engineering and enzyme chemistry, scientists have developed man-made methods for synthesizing DNA. The key to understanding DNA synthesis is understanding its structure. …

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Electron transport chain

The final stage of aerobic respiration is the electron transport chain, which is located on the inner mitochondrial membrane. The inner membrane is arranged into folds (cristae), which increases the surface area available for the transport chain The electron transport chain releases the energy stored within the reduced hydrogen carriers in …

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