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Cardamom Cultivation

Cardamom Cultivation

CARDAMOM (Elettaria cardamom, Zingiberaceae) Cardamom, popularly known as Queen of Spices is native to the evergreen rainy forests of Western Ghats in South India. It is cultivated in about 1, 00,000 ha mainly confined to the Southern States viz; Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu accounting for 60,31 and 9% of …

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Belladonna Cultivation

Belladonna Cultivation

  BELLADONNA(Atropa belladonna L.) Family: Solanaceae Belladonna (Atropa belladonna C.B. Clarke.) belongs to the family Solanaceae. Atrops is commonly called as ‘Deadly nighShade’. The commercial drug is obtained from the leaves, flowering tops and roots of A.belladonna. Leaves and roots of belladonna contain tropane alkaloids whose concentration varies from 0.13 …

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Aonla Cultivation

Aonla Cultivation

AONLA(Emblica officinalis Gaertn., Syn. Phyllanthus emblica, Euphorbiaceae) Family: Phyllanthaceae A small to medium sized deciduous tree, 8-18m in height with crooked trunk and spreading branches. Leaves simple, sub sessile; flower greenish yellow; fruit nearly spherical pale yellow with 6 vertical furrows. Distribution Wild or planted throughout the deciduous forests of …

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liquorice cultivation

liquorice cultivation

Botanical name: Glycyrrhiza glabra Family: Fabaceae Climate and Soil It grows well in sub-tropical climate in North-West India. Mulethi is a hardy plant and grows over rich forest soils, ranging from pH 5.5 to 8.2. In nature, it has wide distribution from dry cold temperate parts of Asia to Mediterranean climates, …

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Neem Cultivation

Scientific name: Azadirachta indica Family: Meliaceae Climate It generally performs well on areas with annual rainfall varying from 400 – 1200 mm. It thrives under the hottest conditions where maximum day temperature reaches 500 C. But it cannot withstand freezing or extended cold. Soil Neem grows on almost all kinds of soils including clayey, saline and …

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Cinchona cultivation

Cinchona cultivation

The genus Cinchona includes at least 23 species of trees and shrubs that are native to the Andes of South America and the mountains of southern Central America. The trees have showy white, pink, or purple flowers that are generally pollinated by butterflies and hummingbirds, and dry capsular fruits with flat, papery …

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