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Plant Breeding

Chromosome

Chromosome

Chromosome, the microscopic threadlike part of the cell that carries hereditary information in the form of genes. A defining feature of any chromosome is its compactness. For instance, the 46 chromosomes found in human cells have a combined length of 200 nm (1 nm = 10− 9 metre); if the chromosomes were to be unraveled, the genetic material …

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Male Sterility

male sterility

(Male Sterility)A male sterile plant cannot pollinate other plants or itself. However, the female reproduction structures of the flower are still fertile. A male sterile plant can therefore set seed if they are pollinated by a different (male fertile) plant. This genetic anomaly is used in hybrid seed production since it …

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Plant Cell

Plant Cell

Plant Cell Definition Plant cells are the basic unit of life in organisms of the kingdom Plantae. They are eukaryotic cells, which have a true nucleus along with specialized structures called organelles that carry out different functions. Animals, fungi, and protists also have eukaryotic cells, while bacteria and archaea have …

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Multiline Variety

Multiline Genetics The term Multiline Genetics is used for a variety is a composite of genetically identical lines, except that each line possesses a different gene for resistance to the disease. This is also called Multiline Varieties. In the event of occurrence of a new race, some plants may be …

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