Classification Of Fruit Crops According To Regions

Classification Of Fruit Crops

1. Temperate Fruits:(Warm and Sunny not too hot)

This group of fruits thrives in chilly climates when the temperature drops below freezing throughout the winter. The trees shed their leaves and fall into dormancy during the winter season. A certain cooling interval is necessary to break this rest period. Fruits in this category include apple, pear, walnut, almond, plum, peaches, strawberry, and others. J&K and HP are the regions that fall within this zone.

2. Tropical Fruits:

The climate in Tropical The climate is hot all year, ranging from 21 to 30 degrees Celsius, with rainy and dry seasons. Fruit harvests that cannot withstand cold temperatures fall into this category. Even temperatures just over freezing point are causing several injuries to some of them. This type of fruit requires a hot, humid summer and a moderate winter. Mango, Sapota, Papaya, Cashew, Pineapple, Banana, and other evergreens are included in this category.
West Bengal, parts of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Orissa, Maharastra, AP, Karnataka, TN, and Kerala are included in this zone.

3. Sub Tropical Fruits:

Fruit crops that are transitional in character between tropical and temperate are included in this category. These fruits are mostly grown on the plains, where the temperature is hot, dry, and winter is mild. Fruits in this category include citrus, phalsa, fig, guava, and pomegranate.
The plains of Punjab, UP, parts of Bihar, MP, WB, Maharastra, Rajasthan, Karnataka, AP, TN, Kerala, Orissa, and others are included in this fruit zone.

3. Arid Zone:

The dry zone features harsh climatic conditions, such as high temperatures and low humidity, limited rainfall and unpredictable distribution, and poor grained soil.

Rajasthan, Gujarat (20%), and portions of Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, and Maharashtra are included. Phalsa, Date palm, Pomegranate, Ber, Custard apple, Tamarind, and other crops are grown.

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