Coppice System of Silviculture


Coppice System

Coppice System of Silviculture

Defined as a Silviculture System in which the new crop is mostly derived from shoot / stool coppice with a short coppice rotation. Various Coppice System Methods are used, such as

1) Simple Coppice
2) The Coppice of Two Rotations System
3) Sheltered Coppice
4) Coppice with Standard Systems
5) Coppice with Reserves System
6) Coppice Selection System
7) The Pollard System.

1) Simple Coppice:

Defined as a Silviculture System based on stool coppice, in which the previous crop is totally cleared with no space left for sheltering timber or other purposes.

Advantages of Simple Coppice:

1) Extremely simple/requires no expertise
2) There is a better chance of regeneration.
3) It grows quickly, which reduces the expense of weeding, cleaning, and protection.
4) Because of the rapid rate of development, the rotation period is reduced.
5) Even small-sized wood produces higher net returns.

Disadvantages of Simple Coppice:

1) Low-cost small-size wood
2) Exhaust more mineral substances as more shoots are created
2) Exhaust more mineral substances as more shoots are created
5) Not appealing from an aesthetic standpoint.

2) Coppice of Two Rotations Systems:

Modification of a simple coppice system in which, after the first rotation, a few selected poles are spread individually over the coupe in the second revolution to achieve a larger size.

3) The Sheltered Wood Coppice System:

Another change to the Simple coppice method is that certain sheltered (125 to 150 trees/ha) trees are kept for frost protection even after the first clear cutting.

Applied in Following Circumstances:

1) In areas where there is a lot of forest.
2) If the location is ideal.
3) Where the species being handled can coppice for a longer period of time.
4) There is a demand for massive timber in addition to little timber.
5) Where there is a longer rotation.

4) Coppice with Standards:

Silviculture system based on coppice in which an over wood of standards, usually seedlings origin, and composed of trees of various ages is kept over coppice for periods that may be multiples of coppice rotation and a permanent feature of the crop throughout two peculiarities that distinguish it from simple coppice

5) Coppice with Reserves:

Felling is done only in places that are expected to profit, after reserving all financially immature development of major and other valuable miscellaneous species, either singularly or in ideally spaced groups, tree generating important economic goods, and the full crop for protection.

6) Coppice Selection System:

Silviculture system in which falling is done according to selection principles, while regeneration is done by coppice.

7) The Pollard System:

Pollard is a tree whose stem has been chopped off in order to produce a flush of shoots, generally higher than the reach of browsing animals. As a result, the Pollard method entails pollarding trees on a regular basis in order to get useable wood.

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