Environment related terms for Agriculture competitive exam

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Environment related terms

#Environmental carrying capacity (K): The number of individuals in a population that the resources of a habitat can support. Environment related terms
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#Environmental ethics: It is the field of applied ethics that consider the moral basis of environmental. responsibility; it also considers how humans should relate to the natural environment. Environment related terms

#Ethology: An approach to study the animal behavior in the natural environment. Examine the causes of the evolution of behavior.

#Eutrophication: The addition of nutrient materials to a body of water, which stimulates plant growth; resulting in changes in ecological processes and species composition there in; the decomposition process, takes oxygen from the water, leading to death of other species.

#Evolutionary_psychology: The science that explains the behavior of our ancestors as a direct result of adaptive evolution.

#Flora: All of the plants found in a given area.

#Food_chain: A portion of a food web, most commonly a simple sequence of prey species and predator that consume them.

#Food_web: The complete set of food links between species in a community; a diagram indicating which ones are the eaters and which one are eaten.

#Forb: Any broadleaf herbaceous plant growing in grasslands.

#Founder_effect: The extreme genetic drift because of isolation of a small population from a large population. Environment related terms

#Fundamental_niche: The role an organism might play in an ecosystem in the absence of competitor.

#Gene_for_gene_resistance: A mechanism for resistance to pathogens, in which resistance is triggered by the specific interaction of the products of the pathogens.

#Green_architecture: The practice of designing and building homes with environmental considerations such as energy efficiency, recycling and conservation of natural resources in mind.

#Greenhouse_effect: The heating of earth’s atmosphere by gases such as water vapor, carbon dioxide and methane; such greenhouse gases are transparent to sunlight and opaque to heat; thus sunlight-engendered heat builds up at earth’s surface and cannot be dissipated into the atmosphere.

#Greenhouse_gas: A gas that absorbs infrared radiation; carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide,
chlorofluorocarbons and troposphere ozone are all greenhouse gases.

#Habitat_loss: The shrinkage and fragmentation of the habitat (the place where the organism grows) in which the species lives.

#Habituation: The ability of an organism to get used to certain types of stimuli.

#Hominins: All living and extinct human species, the only living hominines is Homo sapiens.

#Indicator_species: Any biological species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment.

#Keystone_species: Species that have dominant influence on the composition of a community.

#Landscape_ecology: A sub discipline in ecology that focuses on connections among ecosystems in a particular area. Environment related terms
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#Macro_consumers: Large organisms, mainly animals, which eat other organisms or organic matter; also called pathogens.

#Municipal_solid_waste:

The waste which includes paper, yard waste, food waste, plastics, metals, textiles, glass wood etc; but does not include agricultural and industrial wastes.

#Nitrogenous_waste: Nitrogen containing molecules that are produced as waste by the breakdown of proteins and nucleic acids.

#Omnivore: A living organism that consumes both plant and animal food.

#Plankton: Free-floating small organism inhabiting the surface water of lakes and oceans. Photosynthetic members of the plankton are referred as phytoplankton.

#Protobiont: Aggregates of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by membrane; it cannot reproduce but do maintain internal chemical environment that differ from their surroundings. Environment related terms

#Reconciliation ecology: The practice of making exploited lands more biodiversity-frienly. Environment related terms

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