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EVS basic-2

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  • Typhoid is due to: Salmonella typhae
  • Most important process of photoreaction in atmosphere is: photosynthesis
  • Which parameter is important in methane emission:  pH
  • Golden langur and Chinkara deer are example of: endangered species
  • Which state has two biosphere reserve: Assam
  • Commensalism = one benefited(+) & other has no effect(0)
  • Byssinosis is caused by: cotton
  • DDT is soluble in: lipid or fat
  • Estuaries has which type of water: brackish Water
  • Vivisection is called – animal for lab purpose
  • Atrazene is a: pre-emergence herbicide
  • Nitrogen fixing plants – LEGUMINOUS
  • Biofertilizers – Azolla
  • First wind energy farm in India: Mandvi
  • Height of troposphere: 11km
  • Minimum organic matter decomposition occur in which climate: cold & wet
  • Protozoa found up to what depth in soil: 15 cm
  • Environmental (protection) rule – 1998 and act 1986
  • Denitrification occure in- waterlogged soil Abulation is – emission of methane from water body as bubble
  • Pyrolysis take place in absence of – oxygen
  • 90 -95% nitrogen in mineral soil are in the form of –organic matter
  •  SI unit of energy – joule
  • IGFRI is at – Jhansi
  • Minimum Pb concentration in blood that inhibit ALA enzyme – 0.3 ppm
  • Earth day is celebrated on – 22 April
  • Biotic potential- is the maximum reproductive capacity of a population if
    resources are unlimited
  • Azolla is used in – paddy field
  • Low of minima was given by – Liebig
  • SI unit of pressure – Pascal
  • pH of sea water – 8.2 ± 0.2
  • mass of nitrogen in dry air – 75%
  • Silent spring was written by – Rachel Carson
  • Buffering capacity refers to – ability to resist change in pH
  • 1987 protocol which called for 50% cut off in CFC by 2000 is called – Montreal
  • In Scandinavia fish kill was due to – acid rain
  • Year of natural conservation – 1980
  • Mega- diversity centre in world – 12
  • India has 3 hot spots of biodiversity Viz. the western ghat, The North eastern region
    and the Eastern Himalayas
  • Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) also called “Earth Summit” was held in Rio De
    Janerio, Brazil in 1992. Came into force in 1993
  • Biodiversity Act of India, 2002, implemented in 2004
  • Centre of origin and centre of diversity proposed by – N. I Vavilov
  • Protection of Plant varieties and Farmers Rights Act (PPVFR)- 2001
  • National Biodiversity Board located in New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Biodiversity (2001-2002) located in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Largest and oldest centre of crop diversity – China centre
  • Crop origin centre having highest diversity – Hindustan centre
  • International treaty on Plant genetic Resources for food and agriculture (ITPGRFA) signed under FAO in Rome in 2001
  • WTO came into being in 1995; its head quarter is in Switzerland
  • UPOV convention held in 1961. Headquarter located in Geneva
  • Total no of Hot spot of Biodiversity in the world – 34
  • Citrus gene sanctuary located in – Garo hills, Meghalaya
  • Rhododendron and orchids gene sanctuary located in – Sikkim
  • IPGRI located in Rome, Italy
  • Biodiversity ‘Hot spots’ term given by – Meyer
  • Examples of In -situ conservation – Biosphere reserves, national parks, Sanctuaries,
    Sacred groves etc.
  • Examples of Ex- situ conservation – Field gene bank, Botanical gardens, Herbal
    gardens, Clonal repositories, Cryo-gene bank etc.
  • New seed development policy, 1988
  • PFS order enacted in – 1989
  • Wildlife (protection) Act – 1972
  • Forest (conservation) Act – 1980
  • Institute of Bioresource management and sustainable use located in – Manipur
  • The “Cartagena protocol on Biosafety” was adopted in 2000
  • India contributes 7.5% biological diversity in the world.
  • India contributes 2.5% Global landmass in the world.
  • 33% of sp. In India is endemic.

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