Extension:-Objective and Scope

Objectives of Extension Education:

The main aim of Extension Education is to bring about all-round development of rural people. In this all-round development educational, social, economic and political developments are included. The first aim of Extension Education is to bring change in the behaviour, in work capacity and in attitude in wider context. The second aim of Extension Education like social, economic and political change is automatically achieved by bringing about above mentioned educational changes. How to achieve this aim is known as objectives. In this context the objectives of Extension Education are as following:
(1) To increase the net income of farmers by more production and proper marketing system.
(2) To raise the standard of living of rural people.
(3) Development of rural areas.
(4) To increase the facilities for social, cultural and entertainment programmes for rural people.
(5) To develop rural leadership.
(6) To develop the feeling of self-dependence among rural people.
(7) To provide educational and health facilities in rural areas.
(8) To develop feeling of patriotism and love for society by developing civic sense among rural people.
(9) To encourage rural people to participate in community programmes.
(10) To train rural youth for development works.
Characteristics of Extension Education: Extension Education is-
1. Co-operative in nature,
2. Broader in scope,
3. Informal in nature,
4. Flexible in order to meet the needs,
5. Primarily concerned with teaching it’s clientele,
5. Voluntary in participation, and
6. Family centred,
Scope of Extension Education: Extension work will speed up only when the development of factors related to it i.e., (1) Man Environment; (2) Basic structures (Gram Panchayat, Village School and Cooperative Societies) will be undertaken.

(A) Personal development of people:
(1) Increase in agricultural production so that standard of living can be raised.
(2) Facility for rural industry related knowledge.
(3) Facility for advance techniques/methods.

(4) Development of co-industries like animal husbandry, poultry, goats and pigery farming etc.
(5) Training the people for development of agriculture and rural industry.
(6) Proper educational facilities for rural people.
(7) To inculcate self-confidence, self-dependence and desire to work themselves among rural people.

(B) Development of environment of people:
(1) Arrangement of family-education.
(2) Eradication of prevalent social evils.
(3) Development of democratic ways.
(4) Maximum use of available resources for community work.
(5) Management of rural hygiene and environment.

(C) Development of basic institutions:
(1) To develop confidence and respect for these institutions.
(2) To develop feeling of responsibility among the people.
(3) To increase cooperation of maximum number of people.

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