First In The Field Of Agriculture

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First In The Field Of Agriculture

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Domestification of animal : (1) Dog (2) Sheep (3) Goat

∗ Cultivated crops in the world : (1) Wheat (2) Barley

∗ Hybrid pigeon pea : ICPH-8 (ICRISAT, Hyderabad)

∗ Hybrid sunflower : BSH-1 (Pro-Agro)

∗ Hybrid cotton : H-4 (Surat Farm, Gujarat)

∗ Semi dwarf variety of basmati rice : Pusa Basmati 1 (IARI)

∗ Aromatic Rice hybrid : Pusa RH 10 (IARI)

∗ Sorghum hybrid : CSH-1 and CSH-2 (IARI)-1964

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Public sector hybrid of forage sorghum : Pusa Chari Hybrid 106

∗ Mango hybrid for commercial : Mallika (Neelam × Dashehari) cultivation

∗ Public sector insect resistant multiple forage : PCH 106

∗ Viral disease : Leaf curl of Tobacco

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Plant Parasitic Nematode : Anguina tritici (on wheat)

∗ Plant Parasitic Bacteria : Fire Blight of apple

∗ Sorghum high yielding variety : CSV-1

∗ Rice variety introduced in India : IR-8

∗ Developed dwarf variety of rice : TN 1

∗ Rice high yielding variety of India : Jaya (TN1×T1N1)

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Hybrid variety of mustard : Pusa Jai Kisan (BIO 902)

∗ Hybrid variety of Bajra : HB-1 (1965)

∗ Hybrid developed by using local male parent : Hare Chhole no-1

∗ Man made cereal : Triticale (Wheat × Rye)

∗ Rice resistant variety developed for yellow stem borer : IR-20 (TN-1 × TKM-6)

∗ Organophosphate compound : Parathion

∗ Napier × Bajra (NB) hybrid : Pusa Giant Hybrid

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Hormone : Secretin ∗ Maize hybrid : Ganga 101 (1961)

∗ High productive early duration rice hybrid released by DRR : DRRH 2

∗ Country to adopt hybrid rice : China

∗ Hybrid rice released in India : APRH-1 and APHR-2 (1994)

∗ Egyptian variety of cotton : Sujata

∗ Super rice variety for saline/ alkaline conditions : Lunishree

∗ Country to introduce zero tillage : USA

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Sugarcane variety : Co-205

∗ Scented basmati rice for normal and sodic soils : Yamini (CSR 30)

∗ Interspecific variety of coon (G. hirsutum × G. barbadense) : Varalaxmi

∗ Tobacco hybrid : GTH 1

∗ Safflower hybrid : DSH-129

∗ Crop to have its genome decoded : Rice

∗ Plant to have its genome decoded : Arabidopsis thaliana

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Single cross maize hybrid : Paras

∗ Pathogen resistant gene : HM 1

∗ Systemic fungicide : Carboxin

∗ Organic fungicide : Dithiocarbamate

∗ Fungicide : Bordeaux mixture (inorganic in nature)

∗ Person to record plant disease : Theophrastus

∗ Autopolyploid variety released for commercial cultivation in India : Pusa Giant (Berseem)

∗ Carbamate compound : Sevin/carboryl

∗ Laureate of the “world food” prize : Dr. M.S.Swaminathan

∗ Director General of ICAR : Dr. B.P.Pal

∗ President of ICAR : Mohammad Habibullah

∗ Indian scientist who collected and identified the fungus : K.R. Kirtikar

∗ Agriculture university : G.B. University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (1960)

∗ Plant pathologist of India : J.F. Dastur

∗ Plant parasitic bacteria was reported by : T.J. Burill

∗ Plant parasitic nematode was reported by : Needham

∗ Mycoplasma disease reported by : Do et al. and Ishit et al.

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Virus was first discovered by : Iwanosky

∗ Scientist to study fungi and their species : Micheli

∗ Transgenic plant : Tobacco (By Fraley, 1983)

∗ Biotechnological crop introduced in India : Bt. Cotton

∗ Hormone artificially produced by culturing bacteria : Insulin

∗ Commercially bio-insecticide : Sporeine

∗ Maize hybrid developed in India : Ganga-2

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ ‘00’ or canola type/variety of Gobhi sarson : PGSH-51

∗ Short duration pigeon pea hybrid : PPH 4

∗ Leaf curl resistant cotton hybrid : Fateh LHH-144

∗ Sorghum × Sudan grass hybrid : Sudan Chari no 1

∗ Fungicide used : Sulphur (powdery mildew of vine)

∗ Insecticide used : Paris green

∗ Herbicide used : 2, 4-D

∗ First Bt cotton variety : Bollgaurd (Cry1 Ac gene used)

(First In The Field Of Agriculture)

∗ Fumigant used : Hydrocyanic acid (HCN) ∗ First hybrid in India : Pusa meghdoot (bottle gourd)

∗ Commercially used fertilizer : SSP ∗ First fertilizer used : Calcium nitrate


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