Forestry Notes Pdf Download

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Topic Covered In Forestry Notes Pdf Download

Introduction to Forest in India.

Forestry And Its Branches

Functions & Types of Forest in India.

Forest types of India

Definations and Terms used in Forestry


Control of Crop Composition and Production of Species of More Economic Value

Control of Stand Density, for Production of Maximum Volume

Afforestation of Blank and Under Stocked Areas

Production of Quality Timber

Facilitate Management and Use of Forests

Classification of Forests Forests

can be classifed on the basis of: 1. Age, 2. Method of regeneration, 3. Composition, 4. Ownership, 5. Object of Management, 6. Growing Stock.
1. Classification of Forest On the Basis of Age: Forest is classifed into: A) Even Aged Forest: Even-aged forests, also called regular forests are those consisting of even – aged woods. Forestry Notes Pdf Download

Even – aged wood means trees of approximately the same age.

True even – aged forests can be only man – made forests. In case of forests, which regenerate naturally, some age difference is often allowed. Differences up to 25% of the rotation are usually allowed in cases where forest is not harvested for 100 years or more.

B) Un-Even Aged Forests: A forest is called uneven – aged or irregular when trees vary widely in age. 2. Classification of Forest On the Basis of Regeneration: Forests are identifed into A. High Forest: When regeneration is obtained from seed. Forestry Notes Pdf Download

Forestry Notes Pdf Download

Classification of Forest On the Basis of Composition:

Forests are classifed into A. Pure Forests: Pure forests are composed almost entirely ofo ne species, usually to the extent of not less than 50 pe cent. Forestry Notes Pdf Download

B. Mixed Forests: Mixed forests are defned as forest composed of trees of two or more species intermingled in the same canopy.
4. Classification of Forest On the Basis of Management:

Forests are classifed into

A. Protection Forests: Protection forests are those which are managed primarily for ameliorating climate, checking soil erosion and foods, conserving soil and water, regulating stream fow and increasing water yields and exerting other benefcial infuences.

B. Production Forests: Production forests are those which are managed primarily for their produce.

C. Social Forests: Social forests where the produce is utilised by neighbouring society.

  1. Classification of Forest On the Basis of Ownership:

Forests can be classifed as

A. Government Forests: On the basis of Legal status, Government forests are further classifed into: a. Reserved Forests: A Reserved forest is an area with complete protection, constituted according to chapter II of the Indian Forests Act. 1927.

b. Protected Forests: A Protected forest is an area subject to limited degree of protection constituted under the provisions of chapter IV of the Indian Forest Act., 1927.

c. Village Forests: A Village forest is a state forest assigned to a village community under the provisions of chapter III of Indian Forest Act. B. Private Forests C. Forests owned by Corporations, Panchayats, Societies and other Agencies. Forestry Notes Pdf Download

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