Functions of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates have six major functions within the body:
- Providing energy and regulation of blood glucose
- Sparing the use of proteins for energy
- Breakdown of fatty acids and preventing ketosis
- Biological recognition processes
- Flavor and Sweeteners
- Dietary fiber
(agrilearner)Carbohydrates can be either simple or complex. Simple carbs are both sugars and some forms of starch, such as white rice. Your body breaks them down more quickly than complex carbs. This means that they’re a good source of quick energy. However, eating too many simple carbs can negatively impact your health because they cause blood sugar to spike quickly.
Complex carbs include some forms of starch and fiber. These have long chains of simple carbs that get broken down by your body before being digested. This means they provide energy for the body more slowly than simple carbs, but they also provide energy for a longer time period.
Complex carbs are also less likely than simple carbs to be converted into fat. They don’t raise blood sugar levels as much.
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