❖ *Total forest cover in India is- 80.73 million ha (24.56% of geographical area) (Source: Indian state of Forest report-2019, released biennially once by Forest Survey of India)
❖ State with highest forest area in the country is- Madhya Pradesh, followed by Arunachal Pradesh
❖ Top five states with forest cover as percentage of total geographical area is- Mizoram (85.41%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.63%), Meghalaya (76.33%), Manipur (75.46%) and Nagaland (75.31%).
❖ For maintaining ecological balance percentage of the land area should be under forest is-33
❖ The per capita forest land availability in the country is – 0.08 hectare (normal requirement for basic needs is 0.47 hectare)
❖ Total bamboo bearing area of the country is- 16 Million hectare (Mha)
❖ The total food grain production in India for the year 2019-20 was- 296.65 million tonnes
❖ Total Geographical Area of the country- 329 million hectare (mha)
❖ Net sown area of the country- 139.4 mha (42.4% of total geographical area)
❖ Gross sown area of the country- 200.2 million hectare
❖ Net Irrigated area in India- 68.64 Mha (2021) (Source: DAC&FW, 2021)
❖ Cropping Intensity of India is- 143.6%
❖ Barren and uncultivable land area in the country- 19.8mha
❖ Degraded land area/Deforested/desertification area in the country- 96.40 mha
❖ Waste land area in the country- 55.7 mha (16.96% to TGA)
❖ Share of Agriculture and allied sectors in GDP during 2020-21 was- 19.9%
❖ Share of Agriculture and allied sectors in GDP during 2019-20 was- 17.8%
❖ Gross Capital Formation (GCF) in Agriculture and Allied Sectors relative to Gross Value Added (GVA) during 2019-20 was- 16.4% (GCF an indicator of level of investment activity).
❖ The percentage share of Agricultural workers in Total workers is 54.6%. (Registrar General of India)
❖ The percentage of rural households is engaged in agriculture-57.8% (Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households, NSO) Source: Land Use Statistics & DES 2020-21
❖ Net Irrigated area in India – 68.64 Mha (2021) (Source: DAC&FW, 2021) (Note: Net Irrigated area includes irrigating by government canals, private canals, tanks, tube wells, other wells).
❖ Gross irrigated area of India is- 96.46 Mha
❖ The state with highest net irrigated area is- Uttar Pradesh (14.33 Mha)
❖ *Total Micro irrigation area in India is- 12.90 Mha (Drip= 6.11 Mha; Sprinkler= 6.79 Mha) Note: Only 19% of out of total irrigated area is under micro-irrigation.
❖ State with highest Micro irrigation area is- Andhra Pradesh (1.9 Mha)
❖ State with highest area under Drip irrigation is- Andhra Pradesh (1.38 Mha)
❖ State with highest area under Sprinkler irrigation is- Karnataka (1.14 Mha)
❖ State with highest area under micro irrigation when compared with total net irrigated area is- Sikkim (73%)
❖ Contribution of Livestock to National GDP is- 5.2% (2020-21)
❖ The contribution of livestock in total agriculture and allied sector GVA (at constant prices)/GDP is- 28.63 per cent
❖ Growth rate of GVA of Agriculture and Allied sectors at basic prices in 2019-20 is- 4.0%
❖ Overall growth rate of GVA at Basic Prices is- 3.9%
❖ Overall GDP growth rate at Constant Prices (2011-12) in 2019-20 is- 4.2 %
❖ The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2020 as the- International Year of Plant Health
❖ *The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2021 as the- International Year of Fruits and Vegetables
❖ The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2022 as the- International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture
❖ The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution sponsored by India and declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets
Note: India is the largest producer of Millets in world, producing 14 million tonnes in 14 Mha and accounts for 40 percent of the world’s output
❖ UN decade of action of nutrition -2016-2025
❖ India’s 1st pollinator park with over 40 species of butterflies, honeybees, birds and other insects set up at- Haldwani in Nainital district of Uttarakhand on 29 December, 2020.
❖ Multipurpose sea weed park to be established at- Tamil Nadu (To promote seaweed cultivation, as it is an emerging sector with potential to transform the lives of coastal communities).
❖ The ambitious targets set by government of India for renewable energy capacity addition by 2022 is- 175 Giga watts (GW)
Note: Out of 175 GW- 100 GW for Solar, 60 GW for Wind, 10 GW for Bio-energy and 5 GW for Small hydro-power.
❖ The state with highest installed solar power generation capacity in India is- Karnataka (Installed 7,100 megawatt (MW) solar capacity.
❖ A National level Ag-tech Hackathon for promoting innovation in farm mechanization- KRITAGYA (Launched by ICAR-NAHEP)
❖ India’s first convergence green energy project to generate green energy for rural and agriculture consumption to be set up in- Goa (Nov, 2020)
❖ World’s largest solar tree installed at- Durgapur, West Bengal
❖ The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 2021-2030 as- UN decade of ecosystem restoration and oceanic science for sustainable development
❖ *Mobile App launched by CSIR-CRRI (Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi) to connect farmers to Supply chain is- Kisan Sabha, 2nd May, 2020
❖ App launched by Prime Minister of India for comprehensive breed improvement market place and information portal for direct use of livestock farmers is- e-Gopala (Sep 9, 2020)
❖ Largest exporter of Rice in the world is- India
Note: India becomes a largest exporter of rice in the world with record of 14 million tonnes of rice export in 2020.
❖ *The first state in the country to flagged off India’s First fruit train was- Andhra Pradesh
Note: A fruit train was flagged from Tadipatri railway station in A.P. carrying a load of 980 metric tonnes of locally grown bananas to Jawaharlal lal Nehru Port in Mumbai from where the consignment will be exported to Iran (Bananas exported under brand name Happy Bananas)
❖ **The Asian development bank and Govt. of India signed a 10 million Project Readiness Financing to expand horticulture and to promote Instant Quick Freezing of fruits and vegetables in which state- Himachal Pradesh
❖ *India’s First Kisan special Parcel Train or Kisan Rail transported fruits and vegetables between- Maharastra (Devlali) and Bihar (Danapur) (three days in a week)
❖ India’s First ever Kisan Rail for seamless connectivity among farms, markets & consumers was flagged off on- 7th August, 2020
❖ India’s second and South India’s first Kisan train run between- Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh) and New Delhi.
❖ India’s second Kisan train started on- 9th Sep 2020
- General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-73
- General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-66
- Agriculture One Liner for Competitive Exam
- General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-69
- General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-65