General Agriculture for Competitive exams- 2019

General Agriculture for Competitive exams- 2019

General Agriculture for Competitive exams- 2019

❖ Asian tea Alliance launchced in China on April 19, 2019 (Members of this association are India, China, Srilanka, Indonesia and Japan.

Main objective: To enhance tea trade, cultural exchanges and promoting tea.

❖ Annual Average rainfall of the country for the year 2018 – 804 mm (Avg. rainfall of the country is 890 mm)
❖ **The World Food Prize 2018 was awarded to- Lawrence Haddad and Dr. David Nabarro for their individual but complementary global leadership in elevating maternal and child under nutrition within food security (First World Food Prize won by- MS Swaminathan)

❖ *Egg production of the country for the year 2018-19 was- 88 billion

❖ Per capita availability of eggs in India is- 69 per person per year

❖ Position of India in terms of Egg Production- 3rd (1-China; 2- USA)

❖ *Total milk production in the year 2017-18 was- 176.35 Mt

❖ Per capita availability of Milk in India- 376 gm per person per day

❖ ***India’s share in World Milk production- 17%

❖ Minimum Support Price recommended by – Commission for Agricultural Cost and Prices (CACP)

❖ MSP announced by- Government of India: MSP is calculated based on Avg. Cost of Production

❖ **At present MSP is announced for – 23 crop commodities only

❖ *The state that produces highest food grains is- Uttar Pradesh

❖ *The State that produces highest Pulses is- Madhya Pradesh

❖ The state that ranks first in Oilseed production is- Rajasthan

❖ 2018- National year of Millets

❖ **The First Ever world Pulse Celebrated on-10 Feb,2019

❖ FAO of the UN declared the annual observance of World Pulses day starting from the year-2019

❖ Institutional credit for Agriculture sector for the year 2018-19- 11 lakh crore

❖ Time period for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) set up by UN is- 2015-2030

❖ Number of Sustainable Development goals- 17

❖ Main aim of Sustainable Development Goals laid by the United Nations is – to ensure food security vis-à-vis nutritional security

❖ **United Nations Climate Change Conference (“COP24”) held at- Katowice, Poland 03 Dec-14 Dec 2018.

❖ Concept of ‘Climate smart agriculture’ given by- FAO

❖ Share of Agriculture and allied sectors to India’s national employment- 52%

❖ Chairman of 15th Finance Commission (2017-2022) was- NK Singh

❖ Total number of regulated markets in India- 7320

❖ Total number of APMCs (Agricultural Produce Market Committees)- 585

❖ Total number of GRAMs (Gramin Retail Agriculture Markets)-22,000

❖ Model Contract farming Act bill passed on-May, 2018

❖ Model Contract farming Act will provide adequate confidence to farmers and incentives to sponsors to enter into contract.

❖ Govt. of India Constituted Agri export policy for farmers on- 9 Dec, 2018 (aim: to double agri exports to 60 billion$ by 2022)

❖ India’s First Agromet Forecast Centre Inaugurated at- UAS, Dharwad, Karnataka. (Main objective is to accurate reports on weather which would enable the farmers to protect the crops and get a good yield.)

❖ 4th Agri Leadership Summit 2019 held at- Sonipat, Haryana. Theme: Entrepreneurship & Agri business; Agri Allied- A Promising sector and AGri Service-Direct Marketing.

❖ Ministry of Tribal Affiars launched Minimum Support Price for Minor Forest produces and Value Addition as component of Van dhan Scheme.

❖ India has become the fourth country in the world to Launch Anti Satellite Missile to Hit a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellite in Space under Mission Shakti on 28 March, 2019.

❖ India ranks in terms of Cultivation of GM Crops/Biotech crops- – 5th Nodal Agency that deals in procurement, processing, distribution, export & import of selected agricultural commodities- NAFED

❖ Nodal agency for undertaking price support operations for pulses & oilseeds and market intervention operation for other agricultural commodities is- NAFED

❖ Implementing agency for National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP)- APEDA

❖ Nodal Agency for Promoting export-oriented production and development of the Scheduled products – APEDA (1985)

❖ New scheme launched by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) for giving wings to Young entrepreneurs in Cooperatives is- Yuva Sahakar Scheme

❖Yuva sahakar scheme launched in- November, 2018

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