General Agriculture for IBPS AFO, JRF ,SRF,ARS,NABARD- 2019

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General Agriculture for JRF & SRF- 2019

General Agriculture for JRF & SRF- 2019

❖ Degraded land area in the country- 63.85 Mha

❖ Waste land area in the country- 178 Mha

❖ Total Forest area in the country- 70.82 Mha (21.54% of total geographical area)

❖ State with highest forest area in the country is- Madhya Pradesh, followed by Arunachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

❖ For maintaining ecological balance percentage of the land area should be under forest is- 33

❖ Irrigated area in India- 64.7 Mha (2018)

❖ Government of India declared “2018” as- National year of Millets

❖ India is the largest producer of Millets in world, harvesting about 11 million tones and accounts for 40 percent of the world’s output.

❖ Contribution of Livestock to National GDP is- 4.5%

❖ Contribution of Livestock to Total Agricultural GDP- 27%

❖ The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2019 as the- International Year of Indigenous Languages.

❖ Power house of Nutrients/Nutri-Cereals/Climate resilient crops are – Millets

❖ Cropping Intensity of India is – 136%

❖ Total number of KVKs at present is- 706 (as of MAY,2019)

❖ KVKs are under the administration control of- DDG of Agricultural extension

❖ For effective functioning and monitoring of KVKs, KVKs are divided into- 11 ATARI Zones

❖ Highest Number of KVKs are in – Zone 3 (U.P.)

❖ Acronym of ATARI –Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes (ATARIs formerly called as Zonal Project Directorates)

❖ Growth rate of Agriculture sector during 2017-18 is- 2.4%

(General Agriculture for JRF & SRF- 2019 )

❖ The estimated growth rate of agriculture during 2018-19 was- 2.7%

❖ Overall economic growth rate during 2017-18 – 7.2 %

❖ ***Contribution of Agriculture and allied sectors to GDP is- 17.2% (2017-18)

❖ Contribution of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing to GDP is- 16.0% (2018-19, 2nd Advanced estimate)

❖ *Total Food grain production in the country during 2017-18 was- 277.49 Mt

❖ *Total Food grain production in the country during 2018-19 was- 281.37 Mt (2nd Advanced Estimate)

❖ Government of India sets food grain production target for 2018-19 at – 290.25 Mt (Kharif- 144.55 Mt; Rabi- 145.70 Mt)

❖ *Total Pulse production for the year 207-18 is- 23.95 Mt

❖ Among Pulses the crop with highest production and largest area under cultivation is- Bengal gram/Chick pea/Chana/gram

❖ Among Oil seeds the crop with highest production and largest area under cultivation is – Soyabean

❖ International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) South Asia Regional Centre established at- Varanasi, U.P. (Dec, 2018)

❖ First Director of IRRI South Asia Regional Center- Dr. Arvind Kumar

❖ The bufferstock maintained/Procurement made by FCI is- 68.7 MT (Rice- 32.9 MT; Wheat- 35.8 MT)

❖ Rice Knowledge bank launched (an agriculture web portal) launched on- 28 Feb, 2019 at Assam Funded by World bank for enhancing knowledge on Rice production techniques and technologies)

❖ World Bank assisted project State of Maharashtra’s Agribusiness and Rural Transformation (SMART) launched to transform Rural Maharashtra

❖ Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launched online software for processing applications, Agmark quality certification mark for agricultural products is- AGMARK Online system

❖ First SAARC Agri Cooperative Business Forum held in – 28-30 August, 2018 Kathmandu, Nepal

❖ FSSAI notifies standards for honey and its products to curb adulteration. It will help farmers to fetch better prices for their products.

❖ Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry launched- Coffee Connect & Coffee Krishi tharanga

❖ 14 products received Geographical Indication (GI) tag from Government of India, 2019.

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