General Agriculture One Liner For Competitive Exam – 85

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1.Mango Bathroom fruit, king of fruits

2. Banana– Adam’s fig. Tree of wisdom. Tree of Paradise, Kalpataru, Apple of paradise

3. Jack fruitMonkey jack (Agriculture One Liner)

4. Avocado Butter fruit

5. Kiwi fruitChina miracle , Horticulture Wonder of New Zealand, National symbol of Newca Chinese Gooseberry

6. Mangosteen– Queen of fruits

7. Phalsa– Star apple

8. Guava– Apple of tropics

9. Ber– Poor man’s fruit, king of arid fruits, chinese Fig. Chinese datu

10 Carambola– Star fruit, kamrakh, five corner fruit

11. Apple– King of temperate fruits

12 Pecan NutQueen of nuts

13. Coconut–Kalpavriksha (Agriculture One Liner)

14. Water chestnutPanifal, Singhara

15 Makhana– Gorgon nut

# India has three cropping seasons — Rabi, kharif and zaid

# Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December

# Harvested in summer from April to June

# Important Rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard

# Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of wheat and other Rabi crops.

# Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the western temperate cyclones helps in the success of these crops

# Success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan has also been an important factor

# Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon

# Harvested in September-October

# Paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soybean (Agriculture One Liner)

# Rice-growing regions are Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra, particularly the (Konkan coast) along with Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

# Paddy has also become an important crop of Punjab and Haryana

# Assam, West Bengal and Orissa, three crops of paddy are grown in a year Aus, Aman and Boro.

Zaid season

# Between the Rabi and the kharif seasons

# Short season during the summer (Agriculture One Liner)

# Watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber

# Vegetables and fodder crops

# Sugarcane takes almost a year to grow.

Millets :

# Jowar, bajra and ragi are the important millets grown in India

# Known as coarse grains

# They have very high nutritional value  (Agriculture One Liner)

# Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro nutrients and roughage

# Jowar is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production.

# Rain-fed crop mostly grown in the moist areas which hardly needs irrigation.

# Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar followed agrilearner by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

# Bajra grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil

# Rajasthan is the largest producer of bajra followed by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana

# Grows well on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils (Agriculture One Liner)

# Karnataka is the largest producer of ragi followed by Tamil Nadu.

# Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh are also important for the production of ragi.

Major Crops

Rice

# Staple food crop of a majority of the people in India

# Second largest producer of rice in the world after China

# Kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm

# Grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. (Agriculture One Liner)

Wheat

# Second most important cereal crop

# Second most important cereal crop

# Rabi crop requires a cool growing season

# Bright sunshine at the time of ripening

# Requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly distributed over the growing season (Agriculture One Liner)

# Two important wheat-growing zones

# The Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest

# Black soil region of the Deccan

# Major wheat-producing states are Punjab

# Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh

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