Important Agriculture MCQ with Explanation for IBPS AFO 2019-20

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Agriculture MCQ

Agriculture MCQ

Q) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

[1] Joint forest management

[2] Beej Bachao Andolan

[3] Chipko movement

[4] Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

[5] All of these

• Joint forest management- In India JFM programme furnishes a good example for involving local communities in management & restoration of degraded forests. The programme has been in formal existence since 1988 when Orissa passed 1st resolution for JFM.JFM depends on formation of local institutions that undertake rotection activities mostly on degraded forest land management by forest deptt. In return members of these communities are entitles to immediary benefits like non-timber forest produces and share in timber harvested by ‘successful protection’.

• The ‘Beej Bachao Andolan’ [BBA], begun in the late 1980s, is twenty-five-year-old, led by farmer and social activist Vijay Jardhari. The Andolan started in the village Jardhargaon of district Tehri, Uttaranchal, famous for its unique movement to save the traditional seeds of the hills.The ‘Beej Bachao Andolan’ [Save the Seed Movement or BBA] is not only a crusade to conserve traditional seeds but also to promote agriculture and local tradition.

The Chipko movement – In the 1970s, an organized resistance to the destruction of forests spread throughout India and came to be known as the Chipko movement.

• A wildlife sanctuary is a protected area which is reserved for the conservation of forests & avoid intervention by animal and human activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with well-being of animals.

(Agriculture MCQ)

Q) India has set up its first gene sanctuary in the Garo Hills of Meghalaya for wild relatives of?

[1] Sugarcane

[2] mango

[3] Citrus

[4] Banana

[5] All of these
A gene sanctuary is an area where plants are conserved. It includes both biosphere reserves as well as national parks. India has set up its first gene sanctuary in the Garo Hills of Meghalaya for wild relatives of citrus. Efforts are also being made to set up gene sanctuaries for banana, sugarcane, rice and mango .

Q) Management of multipurpose trees, shrubs and herbs in intimate association with annual crop, perennial crops and livestock simultaneously by family labour, is called?

[1] Silviculture

[2] Species forestry

[3] Homestead gardens

[4] None of the above

[5] all of the above.

Homestead gardens is one of the oldest agroforestry practices found in extensively in high rainfall areas in tropical south and south-east Asia. Homestead garden is land management system involving deliberate management of multipurpose trees, shrubs and herbs in intimate association with annual crop, perennial crops and livestock simultaneously and managed intensively by family labour. It is done in Tamilnadu, Kerala and where coconut is the main crop.

(Agriculture MCQ)

Q) Under the Joint Forest Management (JFM), each area has a Forest Protection Committee (FPC) consisting of?

[1] Range Officer

[2] Forest guard

[3] Local people

[4] Representatives of voluntary organizations

[5] All of these

FPC also has village officials. The FPC has rights over minor produce like leaves, twigs and fallen branches. The JFM is for working closely with the local communities in protection and management of forest resources. The FPC’s responsibilities include – Protection against grazing, Prevention of fires and thefts of forest produce, Development of forests according to the management plan, etc.

Q) Which one of the following states does not have the Tropical deciduous forests?

[1] Uttar Pradesh

[2] Madhya Pradesh

[3] Chhattisgarh

[4] Rajasthan

[5] None of these

Tropical Deciduous forests also known as monsoon forests are found in the belt along the equator between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn as well as in the humid subtropics
Deciduous forests are found in Africa, India, South America, Central America and small islands in the Pacific.
In India Tropical Deciduous Forests are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and parts of Maharashtra.
Tropical deciduous forests experience 80 to 90% humidity throughout the year and the average temperature is around 30-degree Celsius year around.

(Agriculture MCQ)

Q) Most of the endangered species are victims of?

[1] Acid rain

[2] Competition with exotic species

[3] Over hunting

[4] Habitat Destruction

[5] all of the above.

An Endangered species is a type of organism that is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for two main reason: Loss of habitat and Loss of genetic variation.

Q) Practice of forestry with the object of raising flowering trees and shrubs mainly to serve as recreation forests for the urban and rural population, is known as?

[1] Recreation forestry

[2] Extension forestry

[3] Farm forestry

[4] Mixed forestry

[5] all of the above.

Farm Forestry: Farm forestry is the name given to programmes which promote commercial tree growing by farmers on their own land. Farm forestry was defined by NCA (1976) as the practice of forestry in all its aspects in and the around the farms or village lands integrated with other farm operations.

Extension Forestry: It is the practice of forestry in areas devoid of tree growth and other vegetation situated in places away from the conventional forest areas with the object of increasing the area under tree growth.

Recreation Forestry: It is the practice of forestry with the object of raising flowering trees and shrubs mainly to serve as recreation forests for the urban and rural population. This type of forestry is also known as Aesthetic forestry which is defined as the practice of forestry with the object of developing or maintaining a forest of high scenic value.

(Agriculture MCQ)

Q) Plants of endangered species are conserved through?

[1] Herbarium

[2] Gene library

[3] Gene bank

[4] Reducing pollution

[5] None of the above

Gene banks are a type of biorepository which preserve genetic material.The main role of plant gene banks is to preserve genetic diversity, in the form of seeds or cuttings in the case of plants reproduced vegetatively, and subsequently make this material, together with associated information, available for future use in research and plant breeding.

Q) The Head Quarters of The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is in

[1] Rome

[2] Geneva

[3] New York

[4] India

[5] None of the above

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. The conference was organized in response to the food crises of the early 1970s that primarily affected the Sahelian countries of Africa.

(Agriculture MCQ)

Q) These CROP models estimate the exact value of the yield or dependent variable. These models also have defined co-efficient. Which model is being referred here?

[1] Statistical models

[2] Mechanistic model

[3] Deterministic models

[4] Stochastic models

[5] None of the above

Q) What is the Time Scale for Meso Climate?

[1] 1-10 hr

[2] 1-10 min

[3] 1-10 seconds

[4] 1-10 days

[5] None of the above 

Meso climate – Horizantal range 1-100km, Vertical Range 1-10 km and time range 1-10 hr.

(Agriculture MCQ)

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