Important Agriculture One liners for Competitive exam-35

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Agriculture One liners

Agriculture One liners

#Nutrient Based Subsidy:

#scheme started in the Year- 2010-11

#Where a fixed rate of subsidy is announced on nutrients. The NBS covers three macro nutrients (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium) and two micro nutrients (Zinc and Boron).

(Agriculture One liners)

# Pesticide consumption scenario (2017-18) :

#Total registered pesticides in India (2018)- 287

#Total banned pesticides in India- 28

#Central Insecticides Board and Registration Committee (CIB & RC) – To facilitate the registration of safe, efficacious and quality pesticides for domestic use and export

#The major pesticides applications are found in- Rice and Cotton crops (1st Paddy, 2nd Cotton)

#Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab are top three states contributing to 45% of pesticide consumption in India. (source: cibrc.nic.in)

(Agriculture One liners)

#GeneticallyModified crops/Transgenic crops/ Biotech crops:

#Total area in world under GM crops is- 189.8 million hectares in 26 countries

#Area under transgenic plants in India (2018 )- 11.07 Mha

#India’s rank in Cultivation of GM crops- 5th

#Bt-Cotton is the only GM crop Cultivated in India.

#The country with highest area under GM crops- USA (75 Mha)

Leading countries in transgenic use – USA > Brazil > Argentina > Canada > India (5th)

(Agriculture One liners)

#The crop with highest area under GM crops in world is – Soyabean > Maize > Cotton

#Apex body/Regulatory/Statutory body for approval of proposals relating to release of GM crops in India

#Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC), 1989

#GEAC works under Ministry of Environment and Forest

#The first commercially grown genetically engineered food was- Flavr Savr, Tomato

#First cultivated GM crop in the world – Soyabean

(Agriculture One liners)

# Climate & Environment :

**Full form of IPCC is – Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change

#United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the “Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit” held on- June, 1992

#Kyoto protocol (The international treaty that Committed to reduce Greenhouse gas emissions) held on- Dec, 1997

(Agriculture One liners)

#Full form of UNFCCC is – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

#Full form of NAPCC is – National Action Plan on Climate Change

#Full form of SAPCC is –State Action Plans on Climate Change

#Full form of UNEP is – United Nations Environment Programme

#UNFCCC was set up in – 1992.

#United Nations Climate Change Conference (“COP24”) held at- 3-14 Dec, 2018 Katowice, Poland (Recent Climate change conference)

(Agriculture One liners)

# Public Distribution System (PDS) :

#Central government has decided to distribute millets such as “Jowar and Bajra through Public distribution system to improve nutrition security of the poor.

#number of Beneficiaries in India under PDS system are- 81 crore

#Major commodities distributed in PDS system arenRice (Rs.3/kg), Wheat (Rs.2/Kg) & coarse cereals (Rs.1/kg)

#The Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS) was launched in- 1992

#The Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) was introduced with effect from- June 1997.

(Agriculture One liners)

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