Important Data of Agriculture for FSSAI, IBPS AFO and other Competitive exam

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Data of Agriculture

Some Important aspects

❖ Total Geographical Area of the country- 329 Mha

❖ Net sown area of the country- 140 Mha (42.57% of total area)

❖ Gross sown area of the country- 195 Mha

❖ Barren land area in the country- 41 Mha

❖ Degraded land area in the country- 63.85 Mha

❖ Waste land area in the country- 178 Mha

❖ Total Forest area in the country- 70.82 Mha (21.54% of total geographical area)

❖ State with highest forest area in the country is-
1) Madhya Pradesh
2) Arunachal Pradesh
3) Chhattisgarh

❖ For maintaining ecological balance percentage of the land area should be under forest is- 33

❖ Irrigated area in India- 64.7 Mha (2018)

❖ Government of India declared “2018” as- National year of Millets

❖ India is the largest producer of Millets in world, harvesting about 11 million tones and accounts for 40 percent of the world’s output.

❖ Contribution of Livestock to National GDP is- 4.5%

❖ Contribution of Livestock to Total Agricultural GDP- 27%

❖ The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2019 as the- International Year of Indigenous Languages.

❖ Power house of Nutrients/Nutri-Cereals/Climate resilient crops are – Millets

❖ Cropping Intensity of India is – 136%

❖ Total number of KVKs at present is- 706 (as of MAY,2019)

❖ KVKs are under the administration control of- DDG of Agricultural extension

❖ For effective functioning and monitoring of KVKs, KVKs are divided into- 11 ATARI Zones

❖ Highest Number of KVKs are in – Zone 3 (U.P.)

❖ Acronym of ATARI –Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes (ATARIs formerly called as Zonal Project Directorates)

❖ Growth rate of Agriculture sector during 2017-18 is- 2.4%

❖ The estimated growth rate of agriculture during 2018-19 was- 2.7%

❖ Overall economic growth rate during 2017-18 – 7.2 %

❖ Contribution of Agriculture and allied sectors to GDP is- 17.2% (2017-18)

❖ Contribution of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing to GDP is- 16.0% (2018-19, 2nd Advanced estimate)

❖ Total Food grain production in the country during 2017-18 was- 277.49 Mt

❖ Total Food grain production in the country during 2018-19 was- 281.37 Mt (2nd Advanced Estimate)

❖ Government of India sets food grain production target for 2018-19 at – 290.25 Mt (Kharif- 144.55 Mt; Rabi- 145.70 Mt)

❖ Total Pulse production for the year 207-18 is- 23.95 Mt

❖ Among Pulses the crop with highest production and largest area under cultivation is- Bengal gram/Chick pea/Chana/gram

❖ Among Oil seeds the crop with highest production and largest area under cultivation is –Soyabean

❖ International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) South Asia Regional Centre
established at- Varanasi, U.P. (Dec, 2018)
❖ First Director of IRRI South Asia Regional Center- Dr. Arvind Kumar
❖ The bufferstock maintained/Procurement made by FCI is- 68.7 MT (Rice- 32.9 MT;
Wheat- 35.8 MT)

❖ Rice Knowledge bank launched (an agriculture web portal) launched on- 28 Feb, 2019 at Assam Funded by World bank for enhancing knowledge on Rice production techniques and technologies)

❖ World Bank assisted project State of Maharashtra’s Agribusiness and Rural Transformation (SMART) launched to transform Rural Maharashtra

❖ Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launched online software for processing applications, Agmark quality certification mark for agricultural products is- AGMARK Online system

❖ First SAARC Agri Cooperative Business Forum held in – 28-30 August, 2018 Kathmandu, Nepal

❖ FSSAI notifies standards for honey and its products to curb adulteration. It will help farmers to fetch better prices for their products.

❖ Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry launched- Coffee Connect & Coffee Krishitharanga

❖ 14 products received Geographical Indication (GI) tag from Government of India, 2019.

❖ Asian tea Alliance launchced in China on April 19, 2019 (Members of this association are India, China, Srilanka, Indonesia and Japan.

Main objective: To enhance tea trade, cultural exchanges and promoting tea.

❖ Annual Average rainfall of the country for the year 2018 – 804 mm (Avg. rainfall of the country is 890 mm)

❖ The World Food Prize 2018 was awarded to- Lawrence Haddad and Dr. David Nabarrofor their individual but complementary global leadership in elevating maternal and child under nutrition within food security (First World Food Prize won by- MS Swaminathan)

❖ Egg production of the country for the year 2018-19 was- 88 billion

❖ Per capita availability of eggs in India is- 69 per person per year

❖ Position of India in terms of Egg Production- 3rd (1-China; 2- USA)

❖ Total milk production in the year 2017-18 was- 176.35 Mt

❖ Per capita availability of Milk in India- 376 gm per person per day

❖ ***India’s share in World Milk production- 17%

❖ Minimum Support Price recommended by – Commission for Agricultural Cost and Prices(CACP)

❖ MSP announced by- Government of India: MSP is calculated based on Avg. Cost of Production

❖ **At present MSP is announced for – 23 crop commodities only

❖ *The state that produces highest food grains is- Uttar Pradesh

❖ *The State that produces highest Pulses is- Madhya Pradesh

❖ The state that ranks first in Oilseed production is- Rajasthan

❖ 2018- National year of Millets

❖ **The First Ever world Pulse Celebrated on-10 Feb,2019

❖ FAO of the UN declared the annual observance of World Pulses day starting from the year-2019

❖ Institutional credit for Agriculture sector for the year 2018-19- 11 lakh crore

❖ Time period for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) set up by UN is- 2015-2030

❖ Number of Sustainable Development goals- 17

❖ Main aim of Sustainable Development Goals laid by the United Nations is – to ensure food security vis-à-vis nutritional security

❖ **United Nations Climate Change Conference (“COP24”) held at- Katowice, Poland 03 Dec-14 Dec 2018.

❖ Concept of ‘Climate smart agriculture’ given by- FAO

❖ Share of Agriculture and allied sectors to India’s national employment- 52%

❖ Chairman of 15th Finance Commission (2017-2022) was- NK Singh

❖ Total number of regulated markets in India- 7320

❖ Total number of APMCs (Agricultural Produce Market Committees)- 585

❖ Total number of GRAMs (Gramin Retail Agriculture Markets)-22,000

❖ Model Contract farming Act bill passed on-May, 2018

❖ Model Contract farming Act will provide adequate confidence to farmers and incentives to sponsors to enter into contract.

❖ Govt. of India Constituted Agri export policy for farmers on- 9 Dec, 2018 (aim: to double agri exports to 60 billion$ by 2022)

❖ India’s First Agromet Forecast Centre Inaugurated at- UAS, Dharwad, Karnataka. (Main objective is to accurate reports on weather which would enable the farmers to protect the crops and get a good yield.)

❖ 4th Agri Leadership Summit 2019 held at- Sonipat, Haryana. Theme: Entrepreneurship & Agri
business; Agri Allied- A Promising sector and AGri Service-Direct Marketing.

❖ Ministry of Tribal Affiars launched Minimum Support Price for Minor Forest produces and Value Addition as component of Van dhan Scheme.

❖ India has become the fourth country in the world to Launch Anti Satellite Missile to Hit a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellite in Space under Mission Shakti on 28 March, 2019.

❖ India ranks in terms of Cultivation of GM Crops/Biotech crops- – 5th Nodal Agency that deals in procurement, processing, distribution, export &import of selected agricultural commodities- NAFED

❖ Nodal agency for undertaking price support operations for pulses & oilseeds and market intervention operation for other agricultural commodities is- NAFED

❖ Implementing agency for National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP)-APEDA

❖ Nodal Agency for Promoting export-oriented production and development of the Scheduled products – APEDA (1985) New scheme launched by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) for
giving wings to Young entrepreneurs in Cooperatives is- Yuva Sahakar Scheme

❖ Yuvasahakar scheme launched in- November, 2018 Indian Food Processing Sector at a
glance:

❖ Total number of Mega Food Parks in India- 42

❖ Cold storage capacity of Mega food parks- 32 Mt

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