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Important Question and Answer for Competitive Exam

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▪Biogas is a mixture of : Methane + Carbon dioxide.

▪Chairman of NABARD : Dr.Harshkumar Bhanwala.

▪Father of Agricultural Engineering : Mason Waugh

▪ Egyptian variety of cotton : Sujata

▪ Super rice variety for saline/ alkaline conditions : Lunishree

▪ Country to introduce zero tillage : USA

▪Best channel for Agricultural knowledge – Agrimantra.

▪Sugarcane variety : Co-205

▪Scented basmati rice for normal and sodic soils : Yamini (CSR 30)

▪ Interspecific variety of coĴon (G. hirsutum × G.
barbadense) : Varalaxmi

▪Tobacco hybrid : GTH 1

▪ Safflower hybrid : DSH-129

▪Crop to have its genome decoded : Rice

▪ Plant to have its genome decoded : Arabidopsis thaliana

▪Single cross maize hybrid : Paras

▪ Pathogen resistant gene : HM 1

▪ Systemic fungicide : Carboxin

▪ Organic fungicide : Dithiocarbamate

▪ Fungicide : Bordeaux mixture (inorganic in nature)

▪ Person to record plant disease : Theophrastus (Agrimantra)

▪Autopolyploid variety released for commercial
cultivation in India : Pusa Giant (Berseem)

▪ Carbamate compound : Sevin/carboryl

▪Laureate of the “world food” prize : Dr. M.S.Swaminathan

▪Director General of ICAR : Dr. B.P.Pal

▪ President of ICAR : Mohammad Habibullah

▪Indian scientist who collected and identified the fungus : K.R. Kirtikar

▪Plant pathologist of India : J.F. Dastur

▪ Plant parasitic bacteria was reported by : T.J. Burill

▪Plant parasitic nematode was reported by : Needham

▪Mycoplasma disease reported by : Do et al. and Ishit et al.

▪Virus was first discovered by : Iwanosky

▪ Scientist to study fungi and their species : Micheli

▪ Transgenic plant : Tobacco (By Fraley, 1983)

▪Biotechnological crop introduced in India : Bt. Cotton

▪ Hormone artificially produced by culturing bacteria : Insulin

▪Commercially bio-insecticide : Sporeine

▪ Maize hybrid developed in India : Ganga-2

▪‘00’ or canola type/variety of Gobhi sarson : PGSH-51

▪Short duration pigeon pea hybrid : PPH 4

▪Leaf curl resistant cotton hybrid : Fateh LHH-144

▪ Sorghum × Sudan grass hybrid : Sudan Chari no 1

▪Fungicide used : Sulphur (powdery mildew of vine)

▪Insecticide used : Paris green

▪ Herbicide used : 2, 4-D

▪First Bt cotton variety : Bollgaurd (Cry1 Ac gene used)

▪Fumigant used : Hydrocyanic acid (HCN)

▪ First hybrid in India : Pusa meghdoot (bottle gourd)

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