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KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

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KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

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Introduction

Today population of India is more than 130 crore and 62% of it is below the age of 59 years making India the youngest company in the world. The country’s economy should be able to handle this increased labour force.  The January 2019 Edition of Kurukshetra Magazine studies the Youth Empowerment Schemes and initiatives in India KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

India has the distinction of being the fourth largest country in terms of coal resources. Contribution of africulture sector in the country’s gross domestic product is only 13%

 EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL YOUTH-KEY HIGHLIGHTS

Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin scheme there is a target to build 1 crore houses by March 2019. Till November 2018, the construction of 52.26 lakh houses has been completed.

The 14th Central Finance Commission has increased the grant for village panchayats to Rs. 200292.20 crore for the development of villages for a period of five years.

 In the report of NITI Ayog on “Skill Development and Productivity of Workforce” 70% of India’s labour force inhibits ibn rural areas which is dependent on low productive agricultural activities and where employment opportunities are very less.

National Manufacturing Policy estimates that MSME sector has the potential to provide employment to 10 crore youth of the country by 2022.

The e-market portal has been launched to streamline the government procurement system by facilitating smaller companies to bid online for government contracts on competitive rates.

 The reduction of corporate tax rates from 30% to 25% for companies with annual turnover is upto Rupees 250 crore has benefitted more than 6 crore MSME unites.

It is now mandatory for every Central Ministry/ Department/Public Sector Undertaking to procure at least 20% of the total annual procurement of Goods and Services from Micro and Small Enterprises.

EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL YOUTH-KEY HIGHLIGHTS

According to the National Sample Survey Organisation 2015-16, the MSME sector has created apporx. 11.10 crore employment opportunities. 

Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has had substantial impact on rural economy. During 2018-19, till December 3 2018, 165.78 crore labour days were generated with an average number of work days per household was 46.

KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

Under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, 94.5% of the target has been achieved.

Under Deen Dyal Upadhayay Gram Kaushlaya Yojana 5.73 lakh rural youth have been trained from 2014-15 to February 2018

Under the ongoing Pradhan Matri Yuva Udyamita Vikas Abhiyan (PM-YUVA) of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 22,308 students have been enrolled.

Since the inception of MUDRA Yojana in 2015, the government of India has distributed loans to over 12 crore entrepreneur and beneficiaries. { KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD }

Empowerment Of Youth Through Skilling-schemes

NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP PROMOTION SCHEME

  • Launched on: 19th

 August 2016 • Objective: Providing Apprenticeship Training to 50 lakh youth by 2020.

  • Government of India shares 25% of prescribed stipend subject to a maximum of Rs. 1500 per month per apprentice with the employers.
  • Government of India also shares maximum Rs.7500 per fresher apprentice (without any formal trade training) as a cost of basic training with Basic Training Providers.
  • A portal www.apprenticesihip.gov.in is designed to facilitate easy processing of entire apprenticeship cycle.

START-UP VILLAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROGRAMME 

  • Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP), the sub-scheme under the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) was approved during 2015-16 and the enterprise formation started in 2017-18.
  • Objective: KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD
  • Helping rural households including women to set-up enterprises
  • Start-up to 1 crore village enterprises and provide direct employment to 2 crore people.

 RURAL SELF EMPLOYMENT TRAINING INSTITUTES (RSETIS)

  • RSETIs are initiative of Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) to have dedicated infrastructure in each district of the country to impart training and skill upgradation of rural youth geared towards entrepreneurship development.
  • RSETIs are managed by banks with active co-operation from the Government of India and State Governments.

 NATIONAL EMPLOYABILITY ENHANCEMENT MISSION (NEEM)

Ministry: Ministry of Human Resource Development

Launched through:  AICTE(All India Council for Technical Education)

Aim:  “On the job practical training” is the basis of this program targeting enhancement of employability among individuals who are pursuing graduation or have discontinued or completed a diploma or graduation in any technical or non-technical field. KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

In 2017-18, the NEEM agents have been able to provide industry apprenticeship for more than 43000 candidates. KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

PRAVASI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA(PKVY)

Launched on:  9th January 2017 (14th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas Convention)

Aim: A skill development program targeted at Indian youth seeking overseas employment to make India the Skill Capital of the World. KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

KUREKSHETRA JANUARY SUMMARY PDF DOWNLOAD

Implemented by: National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

An MoU was signed between Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for implementation of Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana.

NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (NCVET)

On 10-October-2018, The Union has approved the merger of the existing regulatory institutions in the skills space – National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) into the National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET).

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