NABARD bankable project on Farm Mechanization Hi-Tech Agriculture PART 1st PDF

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents …………………………..2

Foreword …………………………………….. 1

Model Bankable Project on Hi-Tech Agriculture ………………………… 2

Introduction…………………………………. 2

Greenhouse technology ………………………………………………. 2

Advantages of greenhouses: ………………………………………… 2

Greenhouses – World Scenario ……………………………………. 3

Status in India ……………………………………………………………. 3

Classification of greenhouses: ……………………………………… 4 1.

Greenhouse type based on shape: ………………………………… 4 2.

Greenhouse type based on Utility …………………………………. 4 3.

Greenhouse type based on construction ………………………… 4 4.

Greenhouse type based on covering material ………………….. 5 5.

Computerised green houses ……………………………………………. 5

Components and Features of a green-house based Hi-tech Agriculture system ……………….. 5

Polythene ………………………………………….. 5

Heating Systems ………………………………… 6

Cooling systems …………………………………. 6

Shading systems ………………………………… 6

Watering systems ………………………………. 6

Fertigation ………………………………………… 6

Photoperiod control …………………………… 6

Control system ………………………………….. 7

Equipment’s needed ………………………….. 7

Roof of Polyhouse ……………………………… 7

Watering system ……………………………….. 7

Fertigation system ……………………………. 8

Media preparation ……………………………. 9

Environmental control ……………………… 10

Problem Management in Greenhouses …………………… 11

Linkages – Backwards and Forwards …………………….. 13

Income and Capital return under Greenhouse Cultivation …………….. 14

Economic size …………………………………………………….. 15

Model Project for Naturally Ventilated Polyhouse (NVPH) – Unit size = 1000 sq.mt. …….. 15 A.

Estimated Unit Cost and Means of Finance …………………………………….. 16

B. Economics (Year wise Income & Expenditure) …………………………….. 16

C. NPW, BC Ratio, IRR and DSCR – As per Table D………………………….. 17

D. Assumptions …………………………………………………………………………….. 17

Capital Investment …………………………………………………………………………. 17

Variable and Recurring Costs …………………………………………………………… 18

Table A – Land Preparation Cost ……………………………………………………….. 18

Table B – Break Up of Recurring Cost ………………………………………………… 18

Table B I – Fertiliser Costs ………………………………………………………………… 18

Table B II a – Micronutrient Costs ……………………………………………………… 18

Table B II b – Fungicide Costs ……………………………………………………………. 19

Table B III – Packaging Costs ……………………………………………………………. 19

Table B IV – Transportation Costs ……………………………………………………….. 19

Table B V – Labour Costs * ……………………………………………………………………. 19

Table C – Production and Income …………………………………………………………. 19

Table D – NPW, Benefit Cost Ratio, Internal Rate of Return and DSCR …………………… 20

Table E – Repayment Schedule …………………………………………………………………………….. 21

Annexures …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 22

Annexure I – Recommended Package of Practices ………………………………………………….. 22

Tomato ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 22

Cucumber …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24

Cow-Pea……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26

Annexure II – Recommended Technical Design Specifications ……………………………………….. 27

References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29

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