India is endowed with the largest livestock population in the world. It accounts for about 57.3 per cent of the world’s buffalo population and 14.7 per cent of the cattle population. Indian dairy industry is the major contributor to the country’s economy surpassing rice in amount. The value of output of milk is Rs. 3,05,484 crore in 2011-12. The total milk production in the country is 127.9 million tonnes per annum at the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12) and the demand is expected to be 180 million tonnes by 2020. In 1970 under the aegis of NDDB, “Operation Flood” programme was launched to modernize the dairy sector and flood the 4 metro cities with milk from dairy cooperatives. By the end of 1996-97, 74,383 village milk producers cooperatives were organised in 264 districts with an average rural milk procurement of 12.26 million liters per day.
Another step was taken in 1989, to augment rural income by launching Technology Mission on Dairy Development (TMDD), which aims at applying modern technology to improve productivity, reduce costs of operation and thus ensure greater availability of milk and dairy products.
With the liberalization of the Indian economy in 1991, the dairy sector was also delicensed. On June 9, 1992 GOI issued a Milk and Milk Products Order (MMPO), which was later modified in the year 2002, according to which the dairy units needs to obtain permissions with respect to sanitary and hygienic aspects only. With the introduction of Food Safety and Standards (licensing and Registration of Food Business) Regulations, 2011 with effect from 05 August 2011 all the food processing units including the Dairy processing units comes under the purview of the act. Even though India is the highest milk producing country, productivity per animal is very poor. The organized dairy sector (both cooperatives and private) is presently handling only 24-28 percent of total milk production in the country. Thus leaving a wide scope for enhancing the procurement, processing of milk and manufacture of milk products for domestic consumption as well as exports. The quality of milk collected is also poor which is acting as the main deterring factor in preparation/marketing of different value added products. Even today many parts of the country are not covered with organized milk procurement and at times the milk is procured only once a day.
- Cinamon Cultivation
- NABARD bankable project on Poultry Broiler Farming PART 12th PDF
- Agricultural Revolutions In Details
- Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana
- Passion fruit Flower
PLEASE SUPPORT US ON SOCIAL SITES