National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
This scheme was started in 2010 under National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC) to transform Indian agriculture into a climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry.
Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare is the nodal ministry for this scheme.
The main objectives of this programme are:
1. To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by promoting location specific Integrated/Composite Farming Systems;
2. To conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures;
3. To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil test based application of macro & micronutrients, judicious use of fertilizers etc.;
4. To optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‘more crop per drop’ ;
5. To develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders, in conjunction with other ongoing Missions e.g. National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology, National Food Security Mission, National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) etc., in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures;
6. To pilot models in select blocks for improving productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming rainfed technologies refined through NICRA and by leveraging resources from other schemes/Missions like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), RKVY etc.; and
7. To establish an effective inter and intra Departmental/Ministerial co – ordination for accomplishing key deliverables of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture under the aegis of National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
NMSA has following four (4) major programme components or activities:
1. Rainfed Area Development (RAD)
2. On Farm Water Management (OFWM)
3. Soil Health Management (SHM)
4. Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture: Monitoring, Modeling and Networking (CCSAMMN)
In Union Budget 2017-18, Rs.923 crore has been allocated for this programme under 4 different schemes with different goals namely:
National Project on Agroforestry Rs. 100 crore (Planting of 1.5 crore trees farmers’ fields),
National Project on Organic Farming/Value Chain Development for North East Region- Rs.101 crore (Adoption of Organic production with 1412 FIG with participation of 23,372 farmers, Organic farming on 35,912 ha),
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana- Rs. 270 crore (Adoption of organic farming clusters demonstrations on 143,700 ha, Assistance to 3.5 lakh farmers for Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification) and
National Project on Soil Health Fertility (including Soil Health Card)- Rs. 452 crore ( Collection and analysis of 126 lakh soil samples, Distribution 700 lakh Soil Health Cards, Capacity building training 583).
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