Scheme to support promotion of biomass-based cogeneration in sugar mills and other industries

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Scheme to support promotion of biomass-based cogeneration in sugar mills and other industries

#To promote sustainable energy generation and idea of Reduce, Reuse, Recycle (3R) for development and waste management, government launched this program in May 2018.

Ministry:

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (Biomass Power Division)

Objective/ Aim:

#To support Biomass based Cogeneration Projects in Sugar mills and Other Industries for power generation in the country.

Salient features:

#Cogeneration or Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is defi ned as the sequential generation of two different forms of useful energy from a single primary energy source, typically mechanical energy and thermal energy. Usually, heat and electricity are cogenerated. There are two types of plants which have been identifi ed under this scheme. They are:

Bagasse Cogeneration Projects

#Bagasse is the dry pulpy fi brous residue that remains after sugarcane or sorghum stalks are crushed to extract their juice. It is used as a biofuel for the production of heat, energy, and electricity, and in the manufacture of pulp and building materials.

#Bagasse is often used as a primary fuel source for sugar mills. When burned in quantity, it produces suffi cient heat energy to supply all the needs of a typical sugar mill, with energy to spare.

#This can be used for generation of electricity along with heat, if better technology and infrastructure is provided.

#The power thus generated can be used for meeting the requirements of the sugar mill and the surplus can be fed into the grid.

#Central Financial Assistance (CFA) will be provided at  the rate of Rs.25 Lakh/MW (for bagasse cogeneration projects) under the scheme.

Non-bagasse Cogeneration Projects

#Industrial sector which consumes 35% of the total electricity generated in the country, and most of the need is fulfi lled by fossil fuel.

#As fossil fuels are limited, and have adverse environmental impact, it would be appropriate to use non-conventional energy sources including biomass resources such as crop residues and agroindustrial wastes for generation of energy in the industries mainly through biomass gasifi cation technology for meeting their total/partial requirements for both electrical and thermal energy.

#Central Financial Assistance (CFA) will be provided at the rate of Rs.50 Lakh/MW for Non-bagasse Cogeneration projects, under the scheme.

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