Schemes for Breeding and Dairy Development for Competitive exam

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Breeding and Dairy Development

National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD):

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Aim:

To integrate milk production and dairying activities in a scientific and holistic manner, so as to attain higher levels of milk production and productivity, to meet the increasing demand for milk in the country.

Sub-components of NPBBD:

• National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB)

• National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD)

• Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM)

Area of Operation:

Throughout the country

Target Beneficiary:

Rural cattle and buffalo keepers irrespective of caste, class and gender.

National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB):

Objectives:

• To arrange quality Artificial Insemination services at farmers’ doorstep.

• To bring all breedable females under organised breeding through Artificial Insemination or natural service using germplasm of high genetic merits.

• To conserve, develop and proliferate selected indigenous bovine breeds of high socio-economic importance.

• To provide quality breeding inputs in breeding tracts of important indigenous breeds so as to prevent the breeds from deterioration and extinction.

Funding: Scheme is implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis.

Under NPBB, there is a component, MAITRI (Multi-purpose AI technicians in rural India):

Who are they?

• MAITRI are chosen from unemployed educated rural youth so as to generate employment.

• Minimum education qualification: not below 10th class.

What is their work?

Multipurpose workers along with AI will take up: veterinary first aid, vaccination, agent for livestock insurance, ration balancing, milk recording etc.

 National Programme For Dairy Development (NPDD):

Objectives:

• To create and strengthen infrastructure for production of quality milk including cold chain infrastructure linking the farmer to the consumer.

• To create and strengthen infrastructure for procurement, processing and marketing of milk.

• To create training infrastructure for training of dairy farmers.

• To strengthen dairy cooperative societies/producers companies at village level.

• To increase milk production by providing technical input services like cattlefeed, and mineral mixture etc.

• To assist in rehabilitation of potentially viable milk federations/unions.

 Rashtriya Gokul Mission:

Aim:

• To conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.

• To establish integrated cattle development centres called Gokul Grams to develop indigenous breeds including up to 40% nondescript breeds.

Objectives:

• Breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds to improve their genetic makeup and increase the stock.

• Enhancement of milk production and productivity.

• Upgradation of nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.

• Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.

Gokul Grams:

What are they?

They are centres for development of indigenous breeds and a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract.

Where will they be established?

• The native breeding tracts.

• Near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle

Features:

• The Gokul Gram will be self-sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of milk, organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio-gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products.

• The Gokul Gram will also function as state of the art in situ training centre for farmers, breeders and MAITRI’s.

National Mission on Bovine Productivity:

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Aim:

To enhance milk production and productivity and thereby making dairying more remunerative to the farmers.

Process and Mechanism/Components:

• Pashu Sanjivni: includes identification of milch animals using UID, issuing health cards to all milch animals and uploading data on Information Network for Animal Productivity & Health (INAPH) data base.

• Advance reproductive Technique: sex sorted semen production facility is being created at 10 A graded semen stations and 50 Embryo Transfer Technology Labs with IVF facilities are being created in the country.

• E Pashu Haat Portal: has been launched in November 2016 for linking farmers and breeders of indigenous breeds.

• National Bovine Genomic Centre for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB): is being established for enhancing milk production and productivity through genomic selection among indigenous breeds.

Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme:

Nodal Ministry:

Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Implementing Agency: Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented through NABARD.

Aim:

To promote setting up of modern dairy farms for production of clean milk, encourage heifer calf rearing, bring structural changes in the unorganized sector and generate self-employment.

Target Beneficiaries:

Farmers, individual entrepreneurs, NGOs, companies, groups of organised and unorganised sectors etc. Groups of organized sectors include SHGs, dairy cooperative societies, milk unions, milk federations etc.

Financial Institutions Eligible for Refinance:

• Commercial Banks

• Regional Rural and Urban Banks

• State Cooperative Banks

• State Cooperative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks

• Such other institutions who are eligible for refinance under NABARD

National Dairy Plan Phase 1 (NDP-1)

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Implementing Agency: National Dairy Development Board

What is it?

• It is a Central Sector Scheme of Government of India launched in March 2012.

• It is a scientifically planned multi-state initiative being implemented with the network of End Implementing Agencies (EIAs) for the period 2011-12 to 2018-19.

• It is an externally aided project with external assistance being provided by the World Bank.

Aim:

To meet the rapidly growing demand for milk with a focus to improve milch animal productivity and increase milk production.

Coverage: It is being implemented in 18 major milk producing States.

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