Schemes for Breeding and Dairy Development for Competitive exam

Breeding and Dairy Development

National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD):

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare


To integrate milk production and dairying activities in a scientific and holistic manner, so as to attain higher levels of milk production and productivity, to meet the increasing demand for milk in the country.

Sub-components of NPBBD:

• National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB)

• National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD)

• Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM)

Area of Operation:

Throughout the country

Target Beneficiary:

Rural cattle and buffalo keepers irrespective of caste, class and gender.

National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB):


• To arrange quality Artificial Insemination services at farmers’ doorstep.

• To bring all breedable females under organised breeding through Artificial Insemination or natural service using germplasm of high genetic merits.

• To conserve, develop and proliferate selected indigenous bovine breeds of high socio-economic importance.

• To provide quality breeding inputs in breeding tracts of important indigenous breeds so as to prevent the breeds from deterioration and extinction.

Funding: Scheme is implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis.

Under NPBB, there is a component, MAITRI (Multi-purpose AI technicians in rural India):

Who are they?

• MAITRI are chosen from unemployed educated rural youth so as to generate employment.

• Minimum education qualification: not below 10th class.

What is their work?

Multipurpose workers along with AI will take up: veterinary first aid, vaccination, agent for livestock insurance, ration balancing, milk recording etc.

 National Programme For Dairy Development (NPDD):


• To create and strengthen infrastructure for production of quality milk including cold chain infrastructure linking the farmer to the consumer.

• To create and strengthen infrastructure for procurement, processing and marketing of milk.

• To create training infrastructure for training of dairy farmers.

• To strengthen dairy cooperative societies/producers companies at village level.

• To increase milk production by providing technical input services like cattlefeed, and mineral mixture etc.

• To assist in rehabilitation of potentially viable milk federations/unions.

 Rashtriya Gokul Mission:


• To conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.

• To establish integrated cattle development centres called Gokul Grams to develop indigenous breeds including up to 40% nondescript breeds.


• Breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds to improve their genetic makeup and increase the stock.

• Enhancement of milk production and productivity.

• Upgradation of nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.

• Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.

Gokul Grams:

What are they?

They are centres for development of indigenous breeds and a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract.

Where will they be established?

• The native breeding tracts.

• Near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle


• The Gokul Gram will be self-sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of milk, organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio-gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products.

• The Gokul Gram will also function as state of the art in situ training centre for farmers, breeders and MAITRI’s.

National Mission on Bovine Productivity:

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare


To enhance milk production and productivity and thereby making dairying more remunerative to the farmers.

Process and Mechanism/Components:

• Pashu Sanjivni: includes identification of milch animals using UID, issuing health cards to all milch animals and uploading data on Information Network for Animal Productivity & Health (INAPH) data base.

• Advance reproductive Technique: sex sorted semen production facility is being created at 10 A graded semen stations and 50 Embryo Transfer Technology Labs with IVF facilities are being created in the country.

• E Pashu Haat Portal: has been launched in November 2016 for linking farmers and breeders of indigenous breeds.

• National Bovine Genomic Centre for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB): is being established for enhancing milk production and productivity through genomic selection among indigenous breeds.

Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme:

Nodal Ministry:

Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Implementing Agency: Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented through NABARD.


To promote setting up of modern dairy farms for production of clean milk, encourage heifer calf rearing, bring structural changes in the unorganized sector and generate self-employment.

Target Beneficiaries:

Farmers, individual entrepreneurs, NGOs, companies, groups of organised and unorganised sectors etc. Groups of organized sectors include SHGs, dairy cooperative societies, milk unions, milk federations etc.

Financial Institutions Eligible for Refinance:

• Commercial Banks

• Regional Rural and Urban Banks

• State Cooperative Banks

• State Cooperative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks

• Such other institutions who are eligible for refinance under NABARD

National Dairy Plan Phase 1 (NDP-1)

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Implementing Agency: National Dairy Development Board

What is it?

• It is a Central Sector Scheme of Government of India launched in March 2012.

• It is a scientifically planned multi-state initiative being implemented with the network of End Implementing Agencies (EIAs) for the period 2011-12 to 2018-19.

• It is an externally aided project with external assistance being provided by the World Bank.


To meet the rapidly growing demand for milk with a focus to improve milch animal productivity and increase milk production.

Coverage: It is being implemented in 18 major milk producing States.

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