Schemes for Soil Health Management

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Soil Health Management

Schemes for Soil Health Management

• Soil Health Card Scheme

• Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

• Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER)

 Soil Health Card Scheme:

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

What is it?

• It is a centrally sponsored scheme launched by the government in 2015.

• It is being implemented through the Department of Agriculture of all the State and Union Territory Governments.

Aim:

To issue soil health cards once in every 2 years, to all farmers in the country, so as to provide a basis to address nutrient deficiencies in fertilization practices.

What is a Soil Health Card?

• SHC is a printed report that a farmer will be handed over for each of his holdings.

• It will contain the status of his soil with respect to 12 parameters, namely N,P,K (Macronutrients); S (Secondary-nutrient); Micro-nutrients; and physical parameters.

• Based on this, the SHC will also indicate fertilizer recommendations and soil amendment required for the farm.

Benefits:

• It would help farmers decide which crops they should cultivate and which ones they should skip.

• Farmers will always keep getting updated data about their soil on a regular basis.

• Once the condition of the soil is ascertained, the government can employ experts to help farmers in carrying out the corrective measures.

• Farmers can plan the future of their crops and land.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY):

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

What is it?

• It is an extended component of Soil Health Management (SHM) under National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).

• It was launched in 2015.

Aim:

Supporting and promoting organic farming, in turn resulting in improvement of soil health.

Objectives:

• Promote organic farming among rural youth/ farmers/ consumers/ traders.

• Disseminate latest technologies in organic farming.

• Utilize the services of experts from public agricultural research system in India.

• Organize a minimum of one cluster demonstration in a village.

Process and Mechanism/Components:

Model Organic Cluster Demonstrations:

• They aim at boosting/ promoting organic farming among rural youth/ farmers/ consumers/ traders by creating awareness on the latest technologies of organic farming.

• These are conducted at the farmer’s field in clusters of 20 ha or 50 acres under PKVY.

Model Organic Farm:

• It aims at demonstrating conversion of conventional land into organic farming practices in onehectare parcels.

• This is to spread the information on the latest technologies of various units of organic inputs production through exposure visits to farmers.

Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER):

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

What is it?

It is a Central Sector Scheme, a sub-mission under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). It is being implemented in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

Aim:

Development of certified organic production in a value chain mode to link growers with consumers.

Objectives/Goals:

• To install dedicated institutional systems at centre and NE states for development and promotion of organic farming.

• To create at least one to two replicable end-to-end organic value chain models in each of the states.

• To convert subsistence farming to commercial organic farming.

• To make Northeastern states as major suppliers of organic commodities for national and international markets.

• To develop NER products as brands/labels through brand building and facilitating stronger marketing access under the ownership of growers organizations/ companies.

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