Special purpose crops in Short

Special purpose crops

(i) Row crops: Crops which are grown in rows with uniform spacing throughout the field. e. g. cotton, castor, sorghum, etc.

(ii) Support crops: certain fast growing crops work as supporter to vine crops. e.g. castor, shevri in betel vine, sorghum in cowpea/bean.

(iii) Wind break crops: Crops which are grown on boundaries to protect the field crops from wind.

(iv) Cover crops: Cover crops are grown primarily to cover the soil and to reduce the lost of moisture and erosion by wind and water. e.g. groundnut, kidney bean, cowpea, mung bean.

(v) Silage crops: Crop which are preserved in a succulent condition by partial fermentation in a tight silo pit. e.g. maize, sorghum, bajra.

(vi) Cash crops: crop grown for sale and brings money immediately. e.g. cotton, tobacco, potato, sugarcane.

(vii) Green manure crops: Any crop which are grown and buried into the soil for improving the soil condition by the addition of organic matter. e.g. sun hemp, dhaincha, glyricidia.

(viii) Pasture crops: Different types of vegetation found on pastures or grassland area which usually grow. e.g. dharo, zinzvo.

(ix) Catch crops: Crop which is grown as substitute for the main crop that has failed on account of unfavorable condition. e.g. cowpea, sesame, green gram.

(x) Trap crops: Crop which is grown on boundary of the field for protection against pest, insect, disease.

(xi) Nurse crops: Crop which is used to protect or nurse the other crops in their young stage. e.g. cluster bean in ginger, sun hemp in sugarcane.

 (xii) Companion crops: Two crops are taken together with the aim that they are benefited to each other. e.g. maize and green gram.

 (xiii) Mixed crops : Two or more than two crops are grown together on the same piece of land at the same time. e.g. bajra + cowpea + gram

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