Types of germination

1) Epigeal:

  • Cotyledons emerge above the soil surface by elongation of hypocotyls and
    generally became green
  • Examples – Green gram, Black gram, Groundnut, Soybean, Pumpkin, Okra,
    Cucumber, Mustard, Cotton, Jute, Castor, Tomato, French bean etc.

2) Hypogeal:

  • Cotyledons do not emerge above soil surface. The hypocotyl may elongate and
    emerge above soil surface but the epocotyl grows first
  • Examples – Rice, Lathyrus, Maize, Wheat, Barley, Coconut, Broad bean, Pea

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