Agriculture Meteorology One Liner for Competitive exam-2

Agriculture Meteorology One Liner

Agriculture Meteorology One Liner

● When rain-drops fall on the ground, after having very cold and converted into ice in the sky, is called as ‘Hail’ and also fell fastly in excess amount with air; then it would be said to ‘Hail Storm’; that causes a heavy loss to crops, plant-trees, animals etc.

● In winters, when atmospheric temperature goes down to below 0(zero) degree celsius, and water vapours of air are turned into small particles of ice, before its saturation and these ice particles settle on surface over grasses or land; that is called as ‘Frost’.

● That light and micro drops of water move/ fly/or stable continuously in atmosphere by atmospheric air, is called ‘clouds’.

(Agriculture Meteorology One Liner)

● ‘Cirrus clouds’ are found in sky above the earth or on a very height (8–9 thousand meter), that does not cause to rains.

● The clouds, these are existed at 300 metre height above the earth, are spoken as Rain/Nimbus clouds. ‘

● India is divided into 5 climatic zones, having head quarter at Delhi, Nagpur, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. Further, these climatic zones are divided into 15 Agro-climatic Zones/Region.

● India is divided into 20 Agro-Ecological Zones and further divided into 60 AESR (Agro-Eco Sub Region).

● In India, there are 6 seasons on micro-level; viz. Spring, Summer, Rainy, Winter, Hemant and Shishir.

(Agriculture Meteorology One Liner)

● The crops are divided into 3 parts, according to the weather/season. viz. Kharif, Rabi and Zaid crops. Zaid means Zyada or Extra crop other than Kharif & Rabi crops.

● AICRP on Agricultural Meteorology (i.e. All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Agril. Meteorology) is at CRIDA, Hyderabad (A.P.)

● AICRP on Improvement of Diaralands is at R.A.U. Sabour (Bhagalpur), Bihar.

● The instruments of observatory are; Evaporimeter – Evaporation; Anemometer – Wind speed; Wind Van – Wind direction indicator; Soil Thermometer – measuring soil temperature; Single Steevension, having 4 thermometers – Dry Bulb Hygrometer and Wet Bulb Hygrometer (Relative Humidity), Minimum and Maximum Thermometer (for temperature of weather) and Double Steevension Screen – Hair Hygrograph (Relative Humidity of 24 hrs.) and Thermograph (self recording temperature of 24 hrs.), ordinary Rain Gauge, Self Recording Rain Gauge and Sunshine Recorder.

(Agriculture Meteorology One Liner)

● During winters in North India, the rain occurs through North-East Monsoon and during summers, it occurs in North-South India and also in plains of Indus through South-Western monsoon.

● The major elements (components) of weather are; temperature, air-pressure, wind direction, wind speed, rains, humidity and clouds.

● The country is divided into 11 Bio-climatic Regions.

● Roughly, there are 4 seasons in India, viz. Winter season (Jan.-Feb.), Summer season (March-May), Rainy season (June-September) and Post-season monsoon (Oct.Dec.), which occurs in South Islands, that is also called as North-East monsoon.

● The rains usually occur from South-West monsoon in the country.

(Agriculture Meteorology One Liner)

● In North States of India, winter rains occur from North-East monsoon, whereas in Southern States, it comes through SouthWestern monsoon.

● Generally, two types of weather winds have influence on climate of India—North–East. Monsoon and South-West monsoon.

● Winter monsoon (North-East monsoon), the winds blow from land to sea, those comeacross to Indian ocean, Arabian sea and Way of Bengal.

● ‘Forecasting Model’ developed by CPRI (Central Potato Research Institute) campus, Modipuram, Meerut (U.P.) for detection/ prediction of ‘late blight’ disease in potato; as—(if, the following conditions exist)—

(1) Before 7 days (Position—Non-rainy season) —

(i) Relative Humidity (RH)—85% for 50 hrs.

(ii) Temperature—7·2 – 26·6°C for 105 hrs.

(2) Before 5 days (Position–Rainy days/season)

(i) RH—85% and above for 60 hrs.

(ii) Rains—0·1 – 0·5 mm for 2 days

(iii) Temperature—7·2 – 26·6°C for 120 hrs.

(Agriculture Meteorology One Liner)

Meaning in One Sentence

Heaving—The effect of low-temperature on plants, is called – ‘Heaving’.

Ionosphere—The upper most layer of atmosphere, which is above the stratosphere.

Agro-Climatic Zone—Classification based scientific management of regional resources so that the growing needs of ‘5F’ (food, feed, fodder, fibre and fuel) can be fulfilled without
affecting available natural resources and environment.

GIS (Geographical Information System)— It refers to meteorological system based information for rainfall pattern, soil fertility preparing maps farm planning of the area/distts.

HFT (Horizontal Flushing Technique)— This new HFT technique has been developed for reclamation of saline sodic soils to reduce the gypsum (CaSO4) requirement with regard to soil & water productivity.

FIRB (Furrow Irrigation Ridge Raised Bed)—Method is used in wheat to save 25– 40% irrigation water, introduced by PAU, Ludhiana.

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