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PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY

1. Agriculture – Definition – Importance and scope – Branches of agriculture – Evolution of man and agriculture – Development of scientific agriculture – National and International Agricultural Research Institutes.

2. Indian agriculture – Indian economy – National income – per capita income – Agricultural income in GDP – Women in agriculture and empowerment

3. History of agricultural development in the world and India. Agriculture heritage – Agriculture in ancient India

4. Stages of agriculture development – Era of civilization- Importance of Neolithic civilization

5. Chronology of Agricultural technology development in India

6. Kautilya’s Arthasasthra – Sangam literature – rainfall prediction – ITK -Tamil Almanac.

7. Agronomy – definition – meaning and scope. Agro-climatic zones of India and Tamil Nadu – Agro ecological zones of India

8. Crops and major soils – Classification – Economic and agricultural importance in India and Tamil Nadu

9. Factors affecting crop production – climatic – edaphic – biotic- physiographic and socio economic factors

10. Tillage – Definition – objectives – types of tillage – modern concepts of tillage – main field preparation

11. Seeds – Seed rate – Sowing methods – Germination – Crop stand establishment – Planting geometry

12. Role of manures and fertilizers in crop production – agronomic interventions for enhancing FUE – Inter cultivation – Thinning – Gap filling and other intercultural operations

13. Irrigation – Time and methods – Modern techniques of irrigation – Drainage and its importance

14. Planting Geometry and its Effect on Growth and Yield

15. Cropping pattern and cropping system – Intensive cropping- Sustainable agriculture – IFS

16. Organic / eco-friendly agriculture – Dry farming – Concepts and principles

17. Agro-climatic zones of India

18. Agro meteorology

19. Weather and climate, micro-climate

20. Weather elements and their influence on different crops

21. Monsoon

22. Clouds

23. Weather aberrations

24. Weather forecasting

25. Weather modification -Artificial rain making and cloud seeding

26. Remote sensing

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