Animal Husbandry One Liner For Competitive exam

Animal Husbandry One Liner

Animal Husbandry

● Formula for assessing the age of animals (years)—2 + No. of rings on horns; say, one (first) ring is appeared on horns at the age of 3 years and there after one ring increases every year.

● Duration of heat period (hrs) in animals; Cow (12-24), Buffalo (18-36), Sheep (36), Goat (48-72), Pig (2-3 days), Mare (4-7 days), Bitch (7-9 days).

● Number/times to heat in a year—Cow and Buffalo (several times); Sheep, Goat, Pig & Mare (several times in season) and Bitch (one time, occasionally twice)

● Mating period (months) of animals—Cow, Buffalo, Pig and Mare (all)-through-out the year); Goat-(September-February) and Bitch– (September-October) months.

● Range of Common body temperature (° ° ° °F) of healthy animals—

Cow-Buffalo (101-102),

Sheep-Goat (101·5-104),

Pig (101-103·5),

Hen (105-109·5),

Horse (99·4-101·2),

Camel (97-101),

Dog (100-102) and

Cat (100-102 °F) i.e. Mean (average) temperature) (°F) correspondingly as : 101·5, 103·5, 102, 107, 100·5, 100, 101 and 101°F.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● Respiration rate/minute of healthy animals —

Cow-Buffalo (12-18),

Sheep-Goat (14-22),

Pig (8-18),

Hen (15-28),

Mare (8-10),

Camel (10-15),

Dog (14-30) and

Cat (20-30).

● Pulse rate / minute of healthy animals—

Cow-Buffalo (42-50),

Sheep-Goat (67-82),

Pig (60-80),

Hen (120-160),

Horse (36-42),

Camel (50-60),

Dog (42-80) and

Cat (110230).

● Important breeds of Pigs—White Yorkshier, Workshier, Tamworth, Landres and Hempsier.

● The maximum body weight of pig (boar)— White Yorkshier-(male 300-450 kg, Female250-350 kg).

● Improved deshi breeds of sheep—Bikaneri, Hissardale, Lohi, Bhakarwal, Chokla, Hassan, Bellary, Jaisalmeri, Nellore and Gurej.

● Exotic Sheep breeds—Merino, Rambouillet, Polworth.

● Coarse Carpet Wool Breeds of Sheep— Malpura, Jalauni, Bellary, Deccani, Chhotanagpuri, Ganjam, Bhakarwal and Shahabadi.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● Hairy meat breeds of sheep—Nellore, Hassan, Mecheri, Madras Red and Vembur.

● Exotic-Fine Wool breeds of Sheep— Merino, Rambouillet and Polworth.

● Exotic—Mutton breeds of Sheep–Suffolk, Dorset and South down.

● Dual-purpose (both meat & wool productions quality) breeds of Sheep—Corriedale (imported from Australia).

● Pelt breeds of Sheep—Pelt sheep are maintained for their lamb pelt, which are used for garments. e.g., Karakul.

● Wool and Carpet purpose breeds of Sheep—Bikaneri, Nali, Marwari, Chokla and Kachhi.

● Meat purpose breeds of Sheep—Hastnagari, Deccani and Bhakarwal.

● For meat, wool and milk (Triple purpose) breeds of Sheep—Lohi.

● Wool and meat purpose Indian breeds of Sheep—Hissardale, Kachhi and Gurej.

● Domesticated Sheep—Scientific/zoological Name–Ovis aries (Genus-ovis, species-aries), family-Bovidae.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● The wild ancestor of sheep in India and Arabia–Ovis orientale

● The goat belongs to the family–Bovidae, Zoological Name–Capra hircus (domesticated goats).

● Exotic breeds of goat—Tog-genberg, Saanen, Alpine, Nubian and Angora (for mohair-a valuable textile fibre)

● Himalayan (Hilly tract) region breeds of goat—Himalayan (breed), Pashmina (the hairs of this breed–softest, warmest, high quality fibre/fabrics) and Chegu.

● Northern region breeds of goat—Jamunapari, Beetal and Barbari.

● Central region breeds of goat—Marwari, Mehsana and Zelwadi, Berari, Kathiawari.

● Southern region breeds of goat—Surti, Deccani, Osmanabadi and Malabari (Tellicherry).

● Eastern region breeds of goat—Bengal, Assam hilly breed.

● Exotic breed of cow does not have hump and mostly animal-hornless.

● Average milk composition (%) of milk—

Cow—Water (86·61), Fat (4·14), Protein (3·58), Total Solids (13·19), SNF–9·25, Lactose–4·96 & Ash (0·71)

Buffalo—Water (82·76), Fat (7·38), Protein (3·60), Total Solids (17·24), SNF (9·86), Lactose (5·48) and Ash (0·78).

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● Fat (%) in Milk—

Sheep (8·92 maximum),

Goat (4·93),

Buffalo (7·5),

Cow (4·92),

Extotsic cow (3·75%),

Human Woman (3·3),

Camel (5·38),

Mare (1·59) and

Ass (2·53%).

● Protein (%) in milk—Sheep (6·25% maximum) and Cow (3·21).

● Lactose (%) in milk—Cow (4·96), Buffalo (5·48), Mare (6·14), Ass (6·07) and Woman (6·80%-maximum).

● Body Temperature of Cattle—(Conversion factor for temperature)— C 5 = F–32 9 Say, (i) Change of °C in °F = Multiply by 9 5 and add (+) 32
(ii) Change of °F in °C = Deduct 32 and multiply by 5 9

● Virus diseases are—Foot and Mouth, Rinderpest and Cow Pox.

● Bacterial diseases are—Anthrax, Black Quarter (B.Q.), Mastitis, Pneumonia, T.B.– Tuberculosis, contagious Abortion, Circiling disease etc.

● The diseases caused by Protozoa—TickFever or Spirochaetosis, Surra (Trypanosomiasis), Fever/Pyrexia etc.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● Average life duration of animals (in years)—Cow-Ox (18-22), Horse-Mare (2530), Buffalo (22-25), Sheep (10-12), Goat (10-15), Dog (10-15), Pig (12-15) and Camel (35-40).

● In Cities, generally Oxytocin is used as injection by the cattle (cow/buffalo) rearing men, on the death of calves/heifers, this medicine is prepared by the female hormones. This is harmful for human health, if such type of milk is used even by small children and also affect directly for creating eye cancer. With the use of continuous injection, cattle looses its capacity of calving, besides sterility. in place of Oxytocin, make a paste of 10-12 seeds of castor (without coat) and use (rub) it on teats before milking for 10-15 days, This would help for regular milk-discharge, without any harm.

● In deficiency of Vit. ‘A’—Swelling of intestine of animal, nightblindness, weakness of nerves and mucous membranes, born calves having blindness, red eyes remains, stunted growth / or body, born dead/or disable calves etc. are the symptoms.

● Fat Soluble Vitamins—Vit. A, D and K; water soluble Vit. ‘B’ group.

● In deficiency of Vit. ‘D’—Vit. ‘D’–is a fat soluble Vit., recognised as an anti-rachitic factor; essential for bone formation, calciferol, (also called anti-ricket Vit.), milk-fever, improper on heat, imperfect calcification of bones and teeth, swelling and weaking of bones are the common symptoms of Vit. ‘D’ deficiency.

● In deficiency of Vit. ‘C’ (Ascorbic Acid)— Ricket, Teeth and bone diseases occur, do not healing of wounds, reduction in resistanceness of body, etc. are major diseases caused due to deficiency of Vit. ‘C’.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● In deficiency of Vit. ‘K’—Important to poultry, pigs, mice and human being in deficiency-coagulation time of blood increases, danger of haemorrhage (maily due to deficiency of K1 and K2) are the major symptoms.

● In deficiency of Vit. ‘E’—In deficiency, failure in breeding, does not retain conception, weakness in muscles, sterility, crazy chick disease in poultry (i.e. long time eye closing of chick) etc. are major diseases in Vit. ‘E’ deficiency.

● Vit. ‘B’ (B1, B2 , B3 , B6 , B12 etc.)—This group is water soluble; and associated with enzyme systems; and feathers (wings) dropping in poultry, rough skin, paralysis, skin diseases are major symptoms of Vit. ‘B’ deficiency. Vit B1 (Thiamin)—In deficiency–beri-beri in man, polyneuritis in birds, calves, loss of appetite, weakness and diarrhoea are common symptoms. Vit. B2 (Riboflavin)—Curled-toe paralysis and stiff-legs in poultry, cheilosis of skin and eyes of man; loss of hairs in calves, etc. are major deficiency symptoms. Vit. B6 (Pyridoxin)—Skin lesions; slow growth, loss of appetite are major deficiency symptoms. Biotin—Dermatitis, loss of hairs, poor growth paralysis of hind quarter in calves are major the deficiency symptoms.

● Present availability of Protein—In Indian human diet, presently protein availability is 10 g per person per day as against a world average of 25 g/day/person. It has to increase two folds to maintaining children & nursing mother’s in India.

● ‘Garima’ -World’s Second cloned Buffalo calf-developed through stand guided cloning
Technique on 6 June, 2009 by NDRI, Karnal (Hary. ) Scientists Dr. Riyas Ahmedshah.

● Noori—Pashmina sheep cloned developed by Dr. Riyas Ahmedshah NDRI Karnal and Dr. Tej Pratap Prof. J and KVV Director Jammu.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

Meaning in one Sentence

● Bacteria—A micro-organism-unicelled, that cannot be seen by naked eyes.

● Disease—In any organism, an abnormal condition produced by another organism likeparasite, protozoa, fungus, bacteria, virus, nutrients deficiency or by any other cause.

● Virus—A kind of tiny (electron / ultramicroscopic seen) living thing, called microorganism; and causes viral diseases like—foot & mouth.

● Protozoa—A microscopic-seen, unicellular living thing/fibre having varying physiology and morphology.

● Fungus/Fungi—Low form of plants, madeup of cellular fibres, are considered as fungi.

● Syndrome—A group of symptoms in a disease in cattle/plants/human, appears together, showing characteristic of a specified disease.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

● Vaccine—Virus, bacteria/or rickettsiae i.e. solution of dead micro-organism, which is used in treatment of infections disease.

● Hay (Haylage)—A grass, feed to cattle, dry after green cut.

● Artificial Insemination—Deposition of semen of male animal by artificial means in the cervix or uterus-reproductive organs of female animal (s), at proper time and place.

● Brood—In poultry, sitting-on for hatching of children from eggs.

● Vacca—Mean cow, Vacca/Vaccination is derived from Latin world.

(Animal Husbandry One Liner)

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