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1) BlastPyricularia oryzae: air borne: edifenphos/ Hisoses 0.05% Magnaparthe grisea)
2) Brown spotHelmininosporium oryzae; Seed borne; common fungicide Bipoloris oryzae (Cochlioboltus miyabeanus)
3) Bacterial blightXanthomonas campestris pv.- orzyae
Seed and any antibiotic infected debris streptomycin + tertacyclin
Symptom : Kresek in seedling stage
4) Foot rot  – Gibberella fujikorai; seed lime; common fungicide
Foolish seedling disease (or) (Fusarium Moniliforme)
Bakanae disease
5) Sheath blightRhizoctonia solani; Soil borne; Cultural practice + fungicides
Leaf smut – Enteloma oryzae
6) Stem rotSarocladium oryzae (Leptosphaeria salrini)
7) Udabatta diseaseEphelis oryzae (Balansia oryzal) Hot water
8) False smut or Green smutUstilaginoidea virens
9)Bunt – Tilletia barcleyana (Neovosia horrida)
10) Rice tungro virus – Vector Nephotetti cinticeps: N. virescens (GLH) reduced tillering and orange discoloration
11) Rice yellow dwarfPhytoplasma starting, leaves remains green in colour
12) Ufra diseaseDitcylanchus angustus
13) Pan sukh (dry physiological leaf disease)
14) Kaira disease – Zinc deficiency.


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