Field Crops Ecourse Cultivation Practices 23 PDF Part 2nd

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TOPIC :- 1 IMPORTANCE AND AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR CEREALS, MILLETS, PULSES AND OILSEEDS OF INDIA,CEREALS ,PULSES ,OILSEEDS .

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TOPIC :- 2  RICE – ORIGIN – GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION – ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE – VARIETIES – SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT – CULTURAL PRACTICES – YIELD – ECONOMIC BENEFITS – SPECIAL TYPE OF RICE CULTIVATION – SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION, TRANSGENIC RICE – HYBRID RICE , SOIL REQUIREMENT , Seasons and Varieties ,TYPES OF RICE CULTIVATION , NURSERY MANAGEMENT ,Seed treatment ,Forming seedbeds ,Sowing ,Water management ,Weed management ,Nutrient management ,Problem soil management ,Management of aged seedlings ,Split application of N and K ,Water management ,Harvesting ,Yield

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TOPIC :- 3 MAIZE – ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION, ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT, VARIETIES, CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD,VERNACULAR NAMES ,MAIZE GRAIN TYPES ,SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT ,SEASON AND VARIETIES , CULTURAL PRACTICES ,Application of fertilizers ,Application of micronutrient ,Seed rate ,Spacing,Seed treatment ,Sowing ,Weed management,Thinning and gap filling, Water management, Harvesting,Yield

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TOPIC :- 4 WHEAT AND BARLEY – ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION, ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT, VARIETIES, CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD ,VERNACULAR NAMES, WHEAT VARIETAL DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA,CULTIVATION PRACTICES, Application of FYM or compost,Application of fertilizers, BARLEY (Hordeum vulgare) ,ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHiCAL DISTRIBUTION , CULTURAL PRACTICES, Harvest, Yield

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TOPIC :- 5  OATS, RYE AND TRITICALE – ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION,
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT, VARIETIES,
CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD, RYE (Secale cereale), Land preparation, Irrigation management, Harvest, Yield, TRITICALE, Specialty of Triticale

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TOPIC :- 6 SORGHUM AND PEARL MILLET – ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION,
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT, VARIETIES,
CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD, Nursery preparation ,Water management, MAIN FIELD PREPARATION, Application of fertilizers,Direct sown crop , Application of micronutrient mixture, Direct sown crop ,Direct sown crop, Weed management, Thinning of the seedlings and gap filling, Water management, Harvesting and processing, RAINFED SORGHUM,GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION, ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT, VARIETIES,
CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD

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TOPIC :- 7 Pearlmillet Pennisetum glaucum , Origin,Importance, Ecological Zones ,Climate, Soil ,Field preparation ,Sowing ,Seed rate,  Weed management, Nutrient management,  Water management, Cropping systems, Harvesting and grain quality, Grain yield.

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TOPIC :- 8 Finger Millets Eluesine coracana, Origin, Plant type, Climate, Soil, Field preparation, Varieties, Time of sowing, Spacing & seed rate for rainfed, For transplanting, Stand establishment, Irrigation,  Nutrient management, Weed management, Cropping systems, Major problems, Harvest.

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TOPIC :- 9 Small Millets,Special characters, Special characters, Importance, Small Millets- Agro-techniques , Season, Field preparation, Seeds rate & spacing, Sowing, Manures & fertilizers, Irrigation, Weed management, Cropping system, Harvest.

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TOPIC :- 10 Redgram Cajanus cajan, Grain legumes – Importance of pulses, Pigeon pea, Area, Origin, Varieties, Climate, Soil, The plant, Management, Seeds and sowing, Nutrient management, Water management, Weed management, Cropping system, Harvesting.

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TOPIC :- 11 SUNFLOWER Helianthus annuus , IMPORTANCE OF SUNFLOWER OIL, Origin & spread, Favourable features for growth of sunflower in India, Stages of Sunflower, The stem, The leaf, The inflorescence, Anthesis and fertilization, The seed, The climate, Soil, Varieties, Hybrids have advantage than varieties, Seasons, Field preparation, Spacing, Seed rate, Seed treatment, Sowing, Plant population, Thinning,Nutrient management, Weed management, Water management, Seed setting and filling, Maturity, Cropping systems.

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TOPIC :- 12 SAFFLOWER Carthamus tinctorious, Economic Importance, Origin and distribution, Climate, The Plant, Soils, Seeds and sowing, Varieties, Seed rate, Spacing, Seed treatment, Sowing, Nutrient management , Rainfed crops, Irrigated, Time of fertilizer application, Water management, Weed management, Important intercultural operations, Harvesting, Maturity,Yield, Storage, Cropping system

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TOPIC :- 13 LINSEED Linum usitatissimum L., Origin, Climate, Soil, Seeds and sowing, Varieties, Seed rate, Spacing, Seed treatment, Sowing, Nutrient management , Rainfed crops, Irrigated, Time of fertilizer application, Water management, Weed management, Important intercultural operations, Harvesting, Maturity,Yield, Storage, Cropping system

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TOPIC :- 14 Area, production, productivity and importance of Sugar crops and byproducts
utilization (sugarcane and sugarbeet) in India and Tamil Nadu

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TOPIC :- 15 SUGARCANE Saccharum officinarum, Introduction, Importance, By products in sugarcane industry, Cane tops, Bagasse, Filter mud / pressmud, Molasses, Origin, Species of sugarcane, Wild species, The plant, Roots, Varieties, Seasons, Soils, Seed bed, Planting materials, Ideal cane sett, Preparation of setts, Seed rates & spacing, Method of planting, Irrigation, Weed control, Cultural operations, Earthing-Up, Wet earthing up, Hoeing, Detrashing, Propping, Lodging leads to several problems, To prevent lodging, Removal of water shoots, Control of flowering , Ratoon Management, Maturity and harvest, Cropping systems

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TOPIC :- 16 TROPICAL SUGARBEET Beta vulgaris spp. Vulgaris, Importance of sugarbeet, Hybrids and duration , Climate and season, Season, Field preparation, Manures and Fertilizers, Seeds and sowing, Weeding and Earthing up, Irrigation, Pest and diseases, Integrated pest and disease management, Need based, Harvest and yield

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TOPIC :- 19 MENTHA (MINT), Species and Varieties , Distribution, Varieties, Chemical Composition and Uses, Seasons, Soil, Climate, Land Preparation, Cultivation, Propagation, Planting,  Fertilizer Application, Irrigation,  Inter-culture and Weed Control, Crop Rotation, Harvesting, Yield, Distillation of Oil, Storage of Oil.

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TOPIC :- 20 CITRONELLA Cymbopogon winterianus, Area under cultivation, Plant Discription , Soil, Climate, Varieties, Propagation, Season of Planting, Spacing, Method of Planting, Intercultural Operations, Irrigation, Manuring & Fertilization, Harvesting, Yield, Uses, Oil Contents,Post Harvest Technology,  Distillation.

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TOPIC :- 21 PALMAROSA Cymbopogon martini var. motia, Area under cultivation, Plant Description , Soil, Climate, Varieties, Propagation, Season of Planting, Spacing, Method of Planting, Intercultural Operations, Irrigation, Manuring & Fertilization, Harvesting,Yield, Uses, Oil Contents, Post Harvest Technology,.

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