General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-90

Agriculture MCQ

Agriculture MCQ Que. 1 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) which has eight members is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation. Which one of the following countries is neither a member nor an observer state of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation?

A. Russia

B. India

C. Turkey

D. Iran

E. Pakistan

Correct Answer – C. Turkey

Explanation: The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai. China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, India are the eight permanent members. Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia are the observer countries.

Que. 2 Consider the following statements regarding Furrow Irrigated Raised Bed (FIRB) method of irrigation-

I. Furrow Irrigated Raised Bed (FIRB) method of irrigation is less efficient and uses on an average about 30% more irrigation water as compared to flat- bed method.

II. In FIRB, better upland crop production is possible under wet spells because of proper drainage.

III. Mechanical weed control is possible as the area in the furrows can be easily cultivated and even manual weeding can be easily done.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A. Only III

B. Both II and III

C. Both I and II

D. Only II

E. Only I

Correct Answer – B. Both II and III

Explanation: Wheat cultivation is mainly done on flat beds, which results in uneconomical use of scarce water and fertilizer usage for crop production. As the general practice of irrigation is through flooding, a lot of water goes waste as deep percolation beyond the root zone of the growing crop. The water that percolates into the soil carries with it the nitrogen applied to the crop as fertilizer resulting in very poor nitrogen usage efficiency.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 3 Which Indian state is the highest producer of wheat?

A. Haryana

B. Maharashtra

C. Uttar Pradesh

D. Madhya Pradesh

E. Punjab

Correct Answer – C. Uttar Pradesh

Explanation: The state of Uttar Pradesh is the highest producer of wheat in India. It is estimated that the total area involved in the potato crop cultivation is about 96 lakh hectares significantly. On the other hand, the total production of this potato crop annually is about 300.010 lakh tons. It dynamically provides very suitable weather condition for the needful of producing the wheat crop in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It significantly contains a high-nutritious value for the human consumption making it increasingly in highdemand among the various consumers in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Que. 4 In Indian agriculture history, increasing the production of which crops was termed as “Yellow Revolution”?

A. Pulses

B. Forage Crops

C. Oil Seeds

D. Banana 

Correct Answer – C. Oil Seeds

Explanation: The growth, development and adoption of new varieties of oilseeds and complementary technologies nearly doubled oilseeds production from 12.6 MT in 1987-88 to 24.4 MT in 1996-97, catalysed by the Technology Mission on Oilseeds and thus brought about the Yellow Revolution.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 5 Generally in India fish spoils very quickly within 12 hours after being harvested. Which of the following is not a method to prevent spoilage of the harvested fish?

A. Canning

B. Retching

C. Smoking

D. Drying

Correct Answer – B. Retching

Explanation: Different methods exist to suppress bacterial growth:
Salting: This is an inexpensive method when salt is cheap, as no electricity is necessary and storage can be at room temperature. Fish quality and nutritional value are reasonable after salting. Storage life is long.
Drying: Inexpensive method as no electricity is required and little equipment is needed. Dry and / or airtight storage is required. Quality and nutritional value are reasonable if storage is good.
Smoking: Inexpensive, little equipment and energy needed, but fuel must be available. Quality and nutritional value are reasonable.
Fermentation: This method is often inexpensive, but the fish taste and odour are radically changed. Storage life varies depending on the product. Nutritional value is often high.
Canning: This is a fairly expensive method. Because, it is labour intensive and requires plenty of energy, water and equipment, such as tins or jars with lids, sterilisers and canning machines. Packaging is expensive. Storage is easy and possible for long periods (below 25 °C / 77 °F).Quality and nutritional value are good.
Cooling and Freezing: This is a very expensive method. Because, it involves high use of energy and large investments in equipment. Quality and nutritional value of the product are good and storage life is long.

Que. 6 According to the National Horticulture board what temperature range is considered as optimum for the growth of vines in Bitter gourd?

A. 19-22-degree Celsius
B. 30-33-degree Celsius
C. 12-16-degree Celsius
D. 17-20-degree Celsius
E. 24-27-degree Celsius

Correct Answer – E. 24-27-degree Celsius

Explanation: It is a warm season crop grown mainly in sub-tropical and hot-arid regions. They are susceptible to light frost and are provided with partial protection if grown during winter months. Temperature range of 24-27 C is considered as optimum for the growth of the vines. The seed germinates best when temperatures are higher than 18 C. High humidity at the time of vegetative growth renders the crop susceptible to various fungal diseases.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 7 Ranikhet disease, also known in the West as Newcastle disease, is a which type of disease in Poultry?

A. Blood
B. Respiratory
C. Bones
D. Skin
E. Stomach

Correct Answer – B. Respiratory

Explanation: Ranikhet disease, also known in the West as Newcastle. It is a widespread, highly contagious infection of the respiration and nervous systems of nervous system of poultry. Mortality due to the Ranikhet disease may be as high as 100 per cent in young flock. It may also affect the laying birds where mortality is not so high. It affects chickens mostly, but sometimes it also affects turkeys and other fowls. In spite of the notable work done towards its control, this disease still ranks as one of the most serious virus diseases of poultry.

Que. 8 The technique of developing fruits without prior fertilization is known as _____________

A. Polyembryony
B. Apomixis
C. Parthenogenesis
D. Parthenocarpy
E. None of the above

Correct Answer – D. Parthenocarpy

Explanation: Parthenocarpy, development of fruit without fertilization. The fruit resembles a normally produced fruit but is seedless. Varieties of the pineapple, banana, cucumber, grape, orange, grapefruit, persimmon, and breadfruit exemplify naturally occurring parthenocarpy. Seedless parthenocarpic fruit can be induced in non-parthenocarpic varieties and in naturally parthenocarpic varieties out of season by a type of artificial pollination with dead or altered pollen or by pollen from a different type of plant. The application of synthetic growth substances in paste form, by injection, or by spraying, also causes parthenocarpic development.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 9 Khillar, Amrit mahal, Hallikar, Red Kandhari, Ongole, Malvi are the Indian varieties of which types of-

A. Draught animals
B. Cows
C. Camels
D. Sheep
E. Poultry Birds

Correct Answer – A. Draught animals

Explanation: The bullock pair may be regarded as the backbone of Indian Agriculture. Though the animal draught power does not relate with human nutrition directly. Indirectly it contributes in the production of food grains; the renowned draught animals (cattle and buffaloes) include Khillar, Amrit mahal, Hallikar, Red Kandhari, Ongole, Malvi, Rathi, Nagore, Neman, Hariyana, Gir, and Deoni. There are about 86 million draft animals, which comprise of 76 million bullocks. 8 million buffaloes, 1 million camels and donkeys.

Que. 10 According to the Indian State of Forest Report 2017, of the total geographical area of the country what is the percent of Mangrove Forest cover?

A. 0.10%
B. 0.50%
C. 0.35%
D. 0.15%
E. 0.25%

Correct Answer – D. 0.15%

According to current estimates, the mangrove cover in the country is 4921 sq. km which is 0.15% of the total geographical area of the country. There has been an increase of 181 sq. km as compared to earlier estimates.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 11 Which of the following is not a factor affecting crop production?

I. Genetic characters of crop plant

II. Water Availability

III. Soil in which the crops are grown

IV. Climate and Temperature

A. I and II
B. III and IV
C. II, III and IV
D. Only I
E. All of the above

Correct Answer – E. All of the above

Explanation: Crop production provides the food for human beings, fodder for animals and fibre for cloths. Land is the natural resource which is unchanged & the burden of the population is tremendously increasing, thereby decrease the area per capita. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the production per unit area on available land. This necessitates the close study of all the factors of crop production. Factors affecting crop production are:-
1. The soil in which crops are grown
2. The water which is the life of plant
3. The Plant which gives food to man & fodder to his animals
4. The skilful management by the farmer himself
5. The climate which is out of control of man & but decided the growth, development & production.
6. The genetic characters of crop plant which is the genetic makeup & can be exploited for crop production.

Que. 12 Name the method of calf rearing in which the calf is taken away from its mother either just after the birth or after 2-3 days of birth?

A. Isolated Method

B. Secluded Method

C. Weaning Method

D. Sucking Method

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Weaning Method

Explanation: In this system, the calf is taken away from its mother either just after the birth or after 2-3 days of birth, sometimes it is allowed till the period of colostrum feeding. After that, the calf rearing is entirely by isolation system.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 13 Bhangar and Khadar are the terms used to differentiate two types of which soil found in India?

A. Forest and Mountain Soil
B. Black Soil
C. Laterite Soil
D. Alluvial Soil
E. Red Soil

Correct Answer – D. Alluvial Soil

Explanation: Khadar (New Alluvium):

  • The newer and younger deposits of the flood plains.
  • Found in the lower levels in the plains near the rivers.
  • Loamy, porous, soil.
  • More fertile than Bhangar as new layers are deposited year after year during monsoonal floods.

Bhangar (old):

  • Older alluvium or old soil and form the largest part of the Northern Plains.
  • Found higher up in the plains at river terraces away from rivers.
  • Clayey and non-porous.
  • Less fertile than Khadar.

Que. 14 Which of the following farming is practiced in densely populated area?

A. Subsistence Farming

B. Shifting farming

C. Sustainable farming

D. Intensive farming

E. None of these

Correct Answer – D. Intensive farming

Explanation: Intensive farming is practiced in the regions of dense population and high use of workers, fertilizers, investment, etc. Intensive farming is associated with the increasing use of labour, high yielding varieties of crops, chemical and natural fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides and irrigation. Intensive farming is practiced in the western and eastern coastal regions of India, flood plains and the areas adjacent to them. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Orissa are the states where intensive agriculture is practiced.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 15 Announced in 2003, Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA) scheme aimed at providing urban amenities and livelihood opportunities in rural areas. Who proposed the concept of PURA?

A Lal Krishna Advani

B APJ Abdul Kalam

C Rajiv Gandhi

D KR Narayanan

E Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Correct Answer – B APJ Abdul Kalam

Explanation: A predecessor to the current SP Mukherjee National Rurban Mission (SPM NRM) was the Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA) scheme which was announced in 2003. PURA aimed to tackle the problem of migration of people from rural to urban areas for employment. It was the former President APJ Abdul Kalam, who proposed the concept of PURA in the VISION 2020. Its objective was to make rural areas as attractive as cities are. This concept was presented by Dr. Kalam in Indian National Science Congress’s 90th conference in Chandigarh in January 2004. It’s goal and objectives are to provide India new heights and achievements, developed status and economy.

Que. 16 Cuscuta also called dodder are parasitic plants, they generally reside on which part of the host plant?

A. Fruit

B. Leaves

C. Root

D. Stem

E. None of these

Correct Answer – D. Stem

Explanation: Cuscuta (dodders) are stem parasites that naturally graft to their host plants to extract water and nutrients; multiple adjacent hosts are often parasitized by one or more Cuscuta plants simultaneously, forming connected plant clusters. Metabolites, proteins, and mRNAs are known to be transferred from hosts to Cuscuta, and Cuscuta bridges even facilitate host-to-host virus movement.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 17 Which of the following is a Green House Gas?

A. Ozone

B. Argon

C. Oxygen

D. Nitrogen

E. None of these

Correct Answer – A. Ozone

Explanation: Greenhouse gases are those that absorb and emit infrared radiation in the wavelength range emitted by Earth. In order, the most abundant greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere are:

I. Water vapour

II. Carbon dioxide

III. Methane

IV. Nitrous oxide

V. Ozone

VI. Chlorofluorocarbons

VII. Hydrofluorocarbons

Que. 18 Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) was instituted by which of the following?


B. Government of India

C. Union Finance Ministry



Correct Answer – D. NABARD

Explanation: Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) was instituted in NABARD with an announcement in the Union Budget 1995-96. Government of India created the RIDF in NABARD in 199596, with an initial corpus of Rs. 2,000 crores. With the allocation of Rs. 25,000 crores for 2016-17 under RIDF XXII, the cumulative allocation has reached Rs.2,67,500 crore, including Rs. 18,500 crores under Bharat Nirman. At present, there are 36 eligible activities under RIDF as approved by GoI. The eligible activities are classified under three broad categories i.e. Agriculture and related sector, Social sector, and Rural connectivity.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 19 According to the Central Poultry Development Organisation, what should be the ideal brooding temperature for the first three days of a new-born chick?

A. 16 degree Celsius

B. 36 degree Celsius

C. 28 degree Celsius

D. 20 degree Celsius

E. 22 degree Celsius

Correct Answer – B. 36 degree Celsius

Agriculture MCQ Que. 20 What is the botanical/ scientific name of wheat?

A. Cicer arietinum

B. Saccharum officinarum

C. Zea mays

D. Triticum

E. Oryza Sativa

Correct Answer – D. Triticum

Explanation: Wheat

Local Name: Gehu

Family: Gramineae

Botanica: Triticum

Origin: Soft Wheat (Bread wheat) – Hindukush mountainous regions adjoining to India and Afghanistan.

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