General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-93

Agriculture MCQ

1. When was world turtle day recently observed?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. April 08

B. March 20

C. April 11

D. May 23

E. None of these

Correct Answer – D. May 23

Explanation: World turtle Day: May 23. Theme: Adopt, Don’t Shop

2. When is the National Farmer’s Day observed in India?

A. 13th April

B. 30th June

C. 12th October

D. 23rd December

E. None of these

Correct Answer – D. 23rd December

Explanation: Kisan Diwas (Farmer’s Day) is observed every year on 23 December to celebrate the birth anniversary of the fifth Prime Minister and Kisan leader, late Chaudhary Charan Singh. The Farmer’s Day observance is a programme to assess how important is the role of farmers in social and economic development of a country. Chaudhary Charan Singh also framed and implemented the famous Zamindari Abolition Act.

3. Viruses contain which of the following nucleic acids?(Agriculture MCQ)



C. Either RNA or DNA

D. Both RNA or DNA

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Either RNA or DNA

Explanation: All living things have DNA, but technically speaking, viruses aren’t living things because they can’t maintain themselves or reproduce on their own. They also aren’t technically cells because they don’t have organelles — cellular machinery — of their own. They don’t fit into any of the kingdoms of life — they aren’t plants, animals, fungi, protists, bacteria or archaea — but there are viruses that infect every one of these. Viruses exist only as infectious agents. They’re made up of a nucleic acid — either DNA or RNA — surrounded by a protein capsule. They only become active after entering a host cell.

4. According to a study, Parali I island, one of biodiversity-rich uninhabited islands part of has disappeared due to coastal erosion. The island was a part of which Island group?

A. Pirotan Islands

B. New Moore Islands

C. Lakshadweep Islands

D. Nicobar Islands

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Lakshadweep Islands

Explanation: A new study has revealed that one of Lakshadweep bio-diversity rich islands Parali I has vanished. Parali I island, part of Bangaram atoll, which was 0.032 km2 in 1968 has been eroded to an extent of 100%, resulting in its inundation.

5. Pashmina is a fine type of Kashmiri wool. Hair of which of the following animal is taken for the fabric of the wool?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Kashmiri Yak

B. Angora Goat

C. Kashmiri Goat

D. Himachali Yak

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Kashmiri Goat

Explanation: Pashmina is a fine type of Kashmiri wool. The textiles made from it were first woven in Kashmir. The wool comes from four distinct breeds of the Cashmere (Kashmiri) goat; namely the Changthangi or Kashmir Pashmina goat.

6. Which of the following is not a “Micronutrient” required for Plant Nutrition?

A. Copper

B. Nickel

C. Carbon

D. Manganese

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Carbon

Explanation: There are 17 most important nutrients for plants. Plants must obtain the following mineral nutrients from their growing medium: –
the macronutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sulphur (S), magnesium (Mg), carbon (C), oxygen(O), hydrogen (H)

the micronutrients (or trace minerals): iron (Fe), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni).

7. “Nipping” is an agricultural term associated with which crop?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Gram

B. Banana

C. Sugarcane

D. Rice

E. None of these

Correct Answer – A. Gram
Explanation: Nipping or Topping in Gram means removal of the tips of the young branches of gram plant when it is 2 to 4 week old.

8. Which of the following is the sugar present in the milk?

A. Maltase

B. Amylase

C. Lactose

D. Sucrose

E. Fructose

Correct Answer – C. Lactose

Explanation: Lactose is a disaccharide sugar (carbohydrate) composed of galactose and glucose that is found in milk. Lactose makes up around 2–8% of milk (by weight), although the amount varies among species and individuals, and milk with a reduced amount of lactose also exists.

9. What is the temperature (range) required for the process of “Tuberization” in potatoes?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. 9-12oC

B. 27-30oC

C. 22-25oC

D. 12-15oC

E. 17-20oC

Correct Answer – E. 17-20oC

Explanation: Being a cool season crop, the best place for potato farming are places with a cool climate, fertile soil and good moisture. Temperature, light, soil type, moisture content and nutrients influence the growth of potatoes in a great way. Tubers stop developing at a temperature above 30?C. This is because, as the temperature increases, the rate of respiration increases. In the process, carbohydrates produced through photosynthesis get consumed instead of getting stored in the tubers. Thus, tuber formation gets affected at higher temperature. Soil temperature of 17-20?C is ideal for potato tuber formation. Bright sunshine during day and cool nights are optimal for potato growing.

10. What is the name of the first in vitro calf (of buffalo) produced by National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)?

A. Govardhan

B. Pratham

C. Lakshmi

D. Param

E. None of these

Correct Answer – B. Pratham

Explanation: In 1990, with the birth of “Pratham”, the first IVF buffalo calf of the world, NDRI reached a significant milestone.

11. Where is the headquarters of Indian Institute of Soil Science?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Jabalpur

B. Warangal

C. Bhopal

D. Allahabad

E. Guwahati

Correct Answer – C. Bhopal

Explanation: The Indian Institute of Soil Science (IISS) in Bhopal, MP is an autonomous institute for higher learning, established under the umbrella of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for advanced research in the field of soil sciences.

12. The book titled “Big Billion Startup: The Untold Flipkart Story” is written by who among the following?

A. Layers

B. Turkey

C. Incubators

D. Hatchers

E. Broilers

Correct Answer – A. Layers

Explanation: The poultry birds which are raised for egg production are called layer poultry. Commercial hen generally starts laying eggs at the age of 12-20 weeks. They start laying eggs regularly at their 25 weeks of age.

13. ____is the process of covering the topsoil with plant material such as leaves, grass, twigs, crop residues, straw etc to enhance the activity of soil organisms such as earthworms.(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Nursing

B. Augmenting

C. Mulching

D. Fouling

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Mulching

Explanation: Mulching is the process of covering the topsoil with plant material such as leaves, grass, twigs, crop residues, straw etc. A mulch cover enhances the activity of soil organisms such as earthworms. They help to create a soil structure with plenty of smaller and larger pores through which rainwater can easily infiltrate into the soil, thus reducing surface runoff. As the mulch material decomposes, it increases the content of organic matter in the soil. Soil organic matter helps to create a good soil with stable crumb structure. Thus, the soil particles will not be easily carried away by water. Therefore, mulching plays a crucial role in preventing soil erosion.

14. Plants of which of the following does not have “Tap” root system?

A. Onion

B. Carrot

C. Gram

D. Cotton

E. Dandelions

Correct Answer – A. Onion

Explanation: All dicots have taproot system and monocots have fibrous root system. Onion is an example of fibrous root system, as most people believe that the onions bulb is the root. However, that’s not the case. If you look at a onion, you’ll see the pointed top and a tangle of “hair” on the bottom. Those “hair” are the onions roots and hence are fibrous in nature.

15. Recently where was Krishi Unnati Mela held?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Hyderabad

B. Lucknow

C. New Delhi

D. Agartala

E. Imphal

Correct Answer – C. New Delhi

Explanation: Krishi Unnati Mela was a three-day event launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in March at New Delhi. The objective of the event was to create awareness among farmers about the latest agriculture-related technological developments.

16. For the purpose of fishing, the worm which is used as a bait is known as?

A. Coneworm

B. Preyworm

C. Angelworm

D. Angleworm

E. None of these

Correct Answer – D. Angleworm

Explanation: A worm, such as an earthworm, that is used as bait in fishing is called as Angleworm.

17. Which type of pulse is known as the “King of Pulses”?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Grain pea

B. Field pea

C. Chickpea

D. Pigeon pea

E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Chickpea

Explanation: Chickpea also known as the Gram, consists of more than 1 /3 of the area and 40 per cent of the total production of pulses in India. Chickpea is called as King of Pulses and contains 22-23 per cent protein content.

18. Rabi is an Arabic word, what does it mean in Arabic?

A. Water

B. Spring

C. Autumn

D. Dryness

E. None of these

Correct Answer – B. Spring

Explanation: Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the “winter crop”) in India and Pakistan, and usually spans from mid/late April to mid/late June, when the crop is harvested. The term Rabi means “spring” in Arabic.

19. Fertilizer Urea is a major source of which nutrient for soil?(Agriculture MCQ)

A. Carbon

B. Calcium

C. Phosphorus

D. Nitrogen

E. Potassium

Correct Answer – D. Nitrogen

Explanation: Urea has the highest nitrogen content of all solid nitrogenous fertilizers in common use. More than 80 per cent of the fertilizers used in India are made up of nitrogenous fertilizers, particularly urea.

20. What must be the minimum population of an area to have its own Municipal corporation?

A. 30 Lakhs

B. 10 Lakhs

C. 20 Lakhs

D. 25 Lakhs

E. 15 Lakhs

Correct Answer – B. 10 Lakhs

Explanation: A Municipal Corporation, City Corporation, Mahanagar Palika, Mahanagar Nigam or Nagar Nigam or Nagara Sabha is a local government in India that administers urban areas with a population of more than one million.

21. By convention the amount of potassium content in any fertilizer (potash) is expressed as?

A. K3O2

B. K2O5

C. KO3

D. K2O3

E. K2O

Correct Answer – E. K2O

Explanation: In earlier times, before current lab instrumentation was developed, chemists used a gravimetric (weighing) method after ignition to determine the potassium content of fertilizers in the form of potassium oxide (K2O).

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