General Agriculture MCQ With Explanation-96

Agriculture MCQ

Agriculture MCQ Que. 1 Which is the critical period of irrigation for bananas?

A. Flowering

B. Transplanting

C. Blooming

D. Pollination

E. Pod Development

Correct Answer – A. Flowering

Explanation: The critical stages or otherwise known as sensitive stages of different crops for irrigation water requirement are as follows,

Rice Panicle Initiation, Flowering.
Wheat Crown root Initiation, Shooting, Earing.
Sorghum  Booting, Blooming, milky and dough stage.
Maize  Tasseling, silking stages to early grain formation.
Pearl Millet  Heading and flowering.
Finger Millet  Panicle Initiation, flowering.
Groundnut  Flowering, Peg penetration, Seed development
Sunflower  Two weeks before flowering to two weeks after flowering.Cotton Flowering and boil development.
Chillies Flowering
Sugarcane  Formative stage
Pulses  Flowering and pod formation.
Soyabean  Blooming and seed formation.
Tobacco  Immediately after transplanting and knee stage.
Citrus  Fruit setting and enlargement stage.
Banana  Early vegetative period, flowering and yield formation.
Tomato  From the commencement of fruit set.
Potato  Tuber initiation to tuber maturity.
Cabbage  Head formation until become firm.
Carrot  Root enlargement.

Que. 2 Which of the following pairs of the crops represents tropical crops?

A. Wheat, gram

B. Rice, sugarcane

C. Apple, beet

D. Wheat, bamboo

E. Onions, banana

Correct Answer – B. Rice, sugarcane

Explanation: Worldwide more human beings gain their livelihood from agriculture than any other endeavor; the majority are self-employed subsistence farmers living in the tropics[citation needed]. While growing food for local consumption is the core of tropical agriculture, cash crops (normally crops grown for export) are also included in the definition. When people discuss the tropics, it is normal to use generalized labels to group together similar tropical areas. Common terms would include the humid-tropics (rainforests); the arid-tropics (deserts and dry areas); or monsoon zones (those areas that have well defined wet/dry seasons and experience monsoons). Such labeling is very useful when discussing agriculture, because what works in one area of the world will normally work in a similar area somewhere else, even if that area is on the opposite side of the globe.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 3 Which of the following soil types is known to have the least water retention capability?

A. Sandy

B. Alluvial

C. Loamy

D. Silt

E. Clay

Correct Answer – A. Sandy

Explanation: The clay soil had the highest water holding capacity and the sand soil had the least; clay>silt>sand. Clay particles are so tiny and have many small pore spaces that make water move slower (the highest water holding capacity). Sandy soils have good drainage but low water and nutrient holding capacities.

Que. 4 Organ from the cattle is not used in pharmaceutical product?

A. Pancreas

B. Live

C. Pituitary gland

D. Bone

E. Skin

Correct Answer – E. Skin

Explanation: Skin is not used in pharmaceutical product, it is usually used in leather manufacturing industries. Pancreas contains insulin used for treating diabetes, Chymotrypsin can burn heals and wounds, Pancreatin aids digestion of food and glucagon treats hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Liver contains Heparin is used as anti-coagulant and liver extract is used as treatment of anemia. Pituitary gland contain Prolactin promotes lactation; Vasopressin controls intestinal and renal functions. Bone contains Bone marrow is used in the treatment of blood disorders.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 5 The institution established in 1975 to meet the requirement of rural credit is:






Correct Answer – B. RRBs

Explanation: Regional Rural Banks are scheduled commercial banks (government bank) operating at regional level in different states in India. RRBs were established under the provisions of an ordinance passed in September 1975 and RRB Act, 1976 to provide sufficient banking and credit facility for agriculture and other rural sectors.

Que. 6 Which of the following is a temperate crop?

A. Barley

B. Lotus

C. Coconut

D. Tamarind

E. Banana

Correct Answer – A. Barley

Explanation: The category “temperate crops” refers to crops that grow in the cooler climates in the world. In the temperate zone most areas have a climate with a wide range of seasonal changes.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 7 The per capita land availability is lowest in which one of the following agro-climatic zones?

A. Lower Gangetic plains

B. Eastern Himalayan Region

C. Western Himalayan Region

D. Higher Gangetic plains

E. Middle Gangetic plains

Correct Answer – A. Lower Gangetic plains

Explanation: Lower Gangetic plains are known for high density of population with 0.095 hectares as per capita land availability. Lower Gangetic Plains region consists of four sub-regions. This zone accounts for about 12% of the country’s rice production. Floods and inundation of fields in Barind and Central plains often destroy standing crops. Sesamum, Jute, mustard, rabi maize and potato are emerging as new crops of this zone.

The per capita land availability here is very low (0.095 hectares) as this zone has the highest density of population (692 per km2).

Marine fisheries programme are well developed but need to be more organized. Scope for forage production and livestock rearing is very high.

Que. 8 Which of the following cow breeds in India are known for milking attributes?

I. Murrah

II. Rathi

III. Ongole

A. I, II, and III

B. II and III

C. I and III

D. Only II E. Only III

Correct Answer – B. II and III

Explanation: Murrah is an Indian Buffalo breed which is native to Rohtak, Hisar, Nabha, Patiala and southern parts of Delhi states. Rathi is a cow breed native to Bikaner, Rajasthan and Haryana. It is believed to have been evolved from intermixing Sahiwal and Red Sindhi. Ongole is a cow breed native to Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. It is suitable for heavy draught milk and is white or light grey in color

Agriculture MCQ Que. 9 Under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) what percentage of the premium has to be paid by a farmer, for Kharif crops?

A. 5%

B. 3%

C. 1.5%

D. 2%

E. 0.5%

Correct Answer – D. 2%

Explanation: There will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops. In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%. The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low and balance premium will be paid by the Government to provide full insured amount to the farmers against crop loss on account of natural calamities.


• To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.

• To stabilise the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming.

• To encourage farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices.

• To ensure flow of credit to the agriculture sector.

Que. 10 ‘PMGAY’ is an abbreviation for __________.

A. Prime Minister Grains Awaas Yojana

B. Pratham Mantri Gram Awas Yojana

C. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana

D. Both A and C

E. None of the above

Correct Answer – C. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana

Explanation: PMGAY is an abbreviation for Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana. The scheme intends to provide financial aid to the people in rural India to construct their houses. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMGAY), previously Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY), is a social welfare flagship programme, created by the Indian Government, to provide housing for the rural poor in India. A similar scheme for urban poor was launched in 2015 as Housing for All by 2022. Under PMAY, the cost of unit assistance is to be shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and hilly states. The unit assistance given to beneficiaries under the programme is Rs 1,20,000 in plain areas and to Rs 1,30,000 in hilly states/difficult areas /Integrated Action Plan (IAP) for Selected Tribal and Backward Districts. Presently the NE States, States of HP, J&K and Uttarakhand and all 82 LWE districts are identified as difficult and hilly areas. The unit size is 25 sq.m including a dedicated area for hygienic cooking. The beneficiary is entitled to 90 days of unskilled labour from MGNREGA. The beneficiary would be facilitated to avail loan of up to Rs.70,000/- for construction of the house which is optional. Funds will be transferred electronically directly to the account of the beneficiary.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 11 Central Soil Salinity Research Institute is located in which of the following states?

A. Haryana

B. Bihar

C. Uttar Pradesh

D. Rajasthan

E. Madhya Pradesh

Correct Answer – A. Haryana

Explanation: The Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (acronym CSSRI) is an autonomous institute of higher learning, established under the umbrella of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for advanced research in the field of soil sciences. The Institute is located on Kachhawa Road in Karnal, in the state of Haryana.

Que. 12 Hirakud dam is located in which of the following states?

A. Jharkhand

B. Chhattisgarh

C. Odisha

D. West Bengal

E. Karnataka

Correct Answer – C. Odisha

Explanation: Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River in Sambalpur Odisha. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) long. It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley projects started after India’s independence.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 13 The highest forest cover in India exists in one of the following agro-climatic zones. Identify it.

A. Lower Gangetic plains

B. Eastern Himalayan Region

C. Western Himalayan Region

D. Higher Gangetic plains

E. Middle Gangetic plains

Correct Answer – B. Eastern Himalayan Region

Explanation: Eastern Himalayan Region accounts for the highest forest cover in India. In the North-Western Himalayan region (west of the Nepal) generally forest cover remains less than 50% of the total area of a state where total human population is high (67.2% of the total population) in the IHR while in the east of Nepal (eastern and north-eastern region) all the Indian states have more than 75% forest cover in each state (except Sikkim). India has been divided into 24 agro-climatic zone by Krishnan and Mukhtar Sing, in 1972 by using “Thornthwaite indices”.

Que. 14 Bhangar and Khadar are subtypes of which soil in India?

A. Black Soil

B. Yellow Soil

C. Laterite Soil

D. Alluvial Soil

E. Desert Soil

Correct Answer – D. Alluvial Soil

Explanation: In India, two different types of alluvial soils have developed viz. bhangar, khaddar.

Khadar and Bāngar are terms used in the Indo-Gangetic plains of North India and Pakistan to differentiate between two types of river plains and alluvial soils.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 15 Which branch of Horticulture deals with the production of plants for ornamental use in constructed environments?

A. Pomology

B. Olericulture

C. Environmental horticulture

D. Floriculture

E. Plantation

Correct Answer – E. Environmental horticulture

Explanation: Horticulture is also a type of farming practiced across the globe. This is divided into different types like pomology which deals in the production of fruit and tree nut whereas Olericulture deals with Herbs and Veggies. Environmental horticulture deals with plants for ornamental use in constructed environments.

Que. 16 Union Minister of Environment Forest and Climate Change, Dr Harsh Vardhan has launched which environmental programme on 8th of March 2019 in New Delhi?






Correct Answer – D. ICAP


• Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan on March 8, 2019 released the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) in New Delhi.

• Inda is the first country in the world to develop a comprehensive cooling action plan which has a long term vision to address the cooling action across the sector.

• The overarching goal of ICAP is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society. This will also help in reducing both direct and indirect emissions.

• The India Cooling Action seeks to

(i) reduce cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25% by 2037-38

(ii) reduce refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by 2037-38

(iii) Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by 2037-38

(iv) recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S&T Programme

(v) training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, synergizing with Skill India Mission.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 17 Which of the following statement/s is/are correct regarding Soil Health Card Scheme?

1). Farmers can get crop-wise recommendations of macronutrients, secondary nutrients and fertilizers with the help of the card.

2). Farmers can get suggestive corrective measures which can be used to improve soil health and obtain a better and higher yield.

3). Farmers can get bank loans to produce a healthy crop.

A. Only 1

B. Only 2

C. 1 & 2

D. 1 & 3

E. All of above

Correct Answer – C. 1 & 2

Explanation: The aim of Soil Health Card Scheme is that Farmers can get crop-wise recommendations of macronutrients, secondary nutrients and fertilizers with the help of the card, Farmers can get suggestive corrective measures which can be used to improve soil health and obtain a better and higher yield. Soil Health Card Scheme is a path breaking initiative launched by central government in February 2015. The government is working towards ensuring the success of this scheme and to provide Soil Health Cards to all farmers in the country, March 2017.

Que. 18 Panchayati raj institution act was constitutionalised through ______.

A. 63rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992

B. 23rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992

C. 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992

D. 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1991

E. 75th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1991

Correct Answer – C. 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992

Explanation: 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act established the three-tier structure of village panchayat. The three-tier structure of Panchayati Raj includes -: – Village panchayat – Panchayat samiti or intermediate level – Zila Parishad or district level panchayat The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April 1993 has vested constitutional status on Panchayati Raj institutions. This date thus marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level. The impact of the 73rd Amendment in rural India is very visible as it has changed power equations irreversibly. Accordingly, the Government of India decided in consultation with the States to celebrate 24th April as National Panchayati Raj Day. The commemoration is being anchored by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. The National Panchayati Raj Day (NPRD) is being celebrated on 24 April since 2010.

Agriculture MCQ Que. 19 Who amongst the following gave the concept of PURA (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas)?

A. Rajiv Gandhi

B. Atal Bihari Bajpai

C. P.V. Narasimha Rao

D. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

E. Indira Gandhi

Correct Answer – D. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Explanation: PURA in the shorter version of Providing Urban amenities in Rural Areas to tackle the problem of migration of people from rural to urban areas for employment. It is the former President APJ Abdul Kalam, Who has proposed the concept of PURA in the VISION 2020 project initiated by him. Its objective is to make rural areas as attractive as cities are. This concept was presented by Dr. Kalam in Indian National Science Congress’s 90th conference in Chandigarh in January 2004. It’s goal and objectives are to provide India new heights and achievements, developed status and economy.

Que. 20 Which of the following diseases affects the nervous system of cattle?

A. Hog cholera

B. Surra

C. Enzootic Bovine Leukosis

D. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

E. Equine influenza

Correct Answer – D. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

Explanation: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is a disease which affects the nervous system of cattle. It is a type of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE). These diseases are rare and fatal. There are no treatments and no vaccines available to cure this disease.

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