General Agriculture One Liner for Competitive exam-31

General Agriculture

General Agriculture

#Share of Agriculture exports in the total exports of the country- 12.28% (fourth largest commodity in terms of exports)

#Share of Agriculture imports in the total imports of the country- 4.09%

#India’s largest exported agricultural commodity in terms of its value- Basmati Rice (Rs.28,598 cr)

#Highest exported : Cereals

#Highest imported : Edible oil and pulses

#Share of India’s Agriculture exports in the world exports – 2.5%

#Share of India’s Agriculture Imports in the world Imports – 1.5%

#India’s total agricultural exports accounts for- 1.18 lakh crore

#India’s total agricultural imports accounts for- 1.51 lakh crore

#India’s top Agricultural Export commodities in terms of value are- Basmati Rice> Buffalo Meat > Non basmati rice> Fresh vegetables> Fresh Fruits

#India’s top Agricultural Imports in terms of value are- Vegetable oils> Pulses> Fresh fruits> Cashew > Spices

(General Agriculture)

# National Food Security Mission (NFSM)-2007

#National Food security Mission (NFSM) launched in the year- 2007.The main objective is to increase production of Rice by 10 MT, Wheat by 8 MT and Pulses by 2 MT by the end of 11 FYP.

#Revised Target of NFSM during 12 FYP is to increase food grain production by 25 MT i.e., 10 Mt of Rice, 8Mt of Wheat, 4Mt of Pulses, 3Mt of Coarse cereals.

#NFSM at present covers 7 crops i.e., Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Coarse Cereals, Sugarcane, Cotton, Jute.

(General Agriculture)

# New Initiatives in NFSM: from 2018 onwards focusing on Nutri-cereals

**Breeder seed production of Nutri cereals

** Publicity of Nutri cereals

** Seed Minikits allocation free of cost to farmers

# National Food security Act/bill – 2013

#National Food Security Act/bill passed in the yearJuly, 2013

(General Agriculture)

#As per Food Security Ordinance (2013) or Food security bill, food grain’s planned to distribute among household is/are – Rice, wheat and coarse grains

#Amount of rice, wheat and coarse grain decided to distributed per households under Food Security Ordinance (2013) – Rs. 3 : 2 : 1 kg per month.

#Under Food Security Ordinance (2013), amount of foodgrain decided to distributed per household per month is – 5 kg, amount of food grain distributed per family living BPL is-35 Kg

(General Agriculture)

# NITI Ayog: 2015 (policy think tank of GOI)

#Acronym for NITI Ayog- National Institution for Transforming India

#Policy making body of Govt.of India- NITI Ayog

#NITI Ayog formed in the year- Jan.1, 2015

#First CEO of NITI Ayog- Sindhu Sree Kullar

#Present CEO of NITI Ayog- Amitabh Kanth

(General Agriculture)

#Governing council of NITI Ayog consists of- Chief ministers of all states

#Chairman of NITI Ayog- Prime Minister

#NITI Ayog vice chairman- Rajiv Kumar

#Full time members of NITI Ayog- Bibek Debroy and V.K.Saraswat

#Agricultural economist of NITI Ayog- Ramesh Chand “NITI Aayog developed Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index to comparing states on implementation of farm sector reforms”

(General Agriculture)

#Ranks : Maharashtra-1st, Gujarat 2nd, Rajasthan 3rd

# GST: Goods & Service Tax

**Goods and Service Tax is an- Indirect tax

#The genesis of the introduction of GST in the country was laid down in the historic Budget Speech of – 28th February 2006

#Amendment bill- 122

#Amendment Act- 101

#GST Council Headquarter- New Delhi

#1st state to ratify the GST bill- Assam

#Zero GST- for Food grains

#GST threshold limit for Normal states- 20 lakhs

#GST threshold limit for NE states- 10 lakhs

#1st state to pass GST bill- Telangana

#GST came into effect in India from- 1 July, 2017

#Highest tax contribution to Indian economy is from GST

#GST council is the governing body of GST

(General Agriculture)

#GST Council Chairman –Finance Minsiter (ARun jaitley)

#GST Council formation based on ARTICLE- 279A.

#GST was first introduced by- France, 1954

#GST implemented in India through- 4 tier structure ( 5%, 12%, 18%, 28%)

#28% GST for- Luxury goods

#GSTN-Goods & Service Tax Network.

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