Integrated Farming System and Organic Farming

Integrated Farming System

Integration of two or more appropriate combination of enterprises like crop, dairy, piggery,
fishery, poultry, bee keeping etc., for each farm according to the availability of resources to sustain and satisfy the necessities of the farmer

Definition: A farming system is a collection of distinct functional units such as crop, livestock,
processing, investments and marketing activities which interact because of the joint use of inputs they receive from the environment which have the common objective of satisfying the farmers’ (decision makers) aims. The definition of the borders of the options depends on circumstances; often it includes not only the farm (economic enterprise) but also the household (farm – household system)”

Possible enterprises

Wetland based farming system

• Crop + Fish + Poultry/poultry/pigeon

• Crop + Fish + Mushroom

Gardenland based farming system

Crop + Dairy + Biogas
Crop + Dairy + Biogas + Sericulture
Crop + Dairy + Biogas + Mushroom + Sylvi-culture

Dry land based farming system

Crop + Goat + Agroforestry
Crop + Goat + Agroforestry + Horticulture

Benefits of IFS

  •  Higher Productivity
  •  Profitability
  •  Sustainability
  • Balanced food
  • Recycling reduces pollution
  • Money round the year
  • Employment generation
  • Increase input efficiency
  • Standard of living of the farmer increased
  • Better utilisation of land, labour, time and resources

Organic farming: Organic farming is a production system where all kinds of agricultural products are produced organically, including grains, meat, dairy, eggs, fibers such as cotton, flowers and processed food products. Organic farming avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives.

Need & scope of organic farming

  • Increase in awareness and health consciousness
  •  Global consumers are increasingly looking for organic food, which is considered safe, and
    hazard free.
  • The global prices of organic food are more lucrative and remunerative.
  • The potential of organic farming is signified by the fact that the farm sector has abundant
    organic nutrient resources like livestock, water, crop residue, aquatic weeds, forest litter,
    urban, rural solid wastes and agro industries, bio-products.
  • India offers tremendous scope for organic farming as it has local market potential for organic

Advantages of organic farming

  • Nutrition – Improved soil health makes food dramatically superior in mineral content
  • Poison-free – Free of contamination with health harming chemicals like pesticides,
    fungicides and herbicides.
  • Food tastes better
  • Food keeps longer – can be stored longer
  • Disease and pest resistance – because of healthy plants
  • Weed competitiveness – Healthier crops able to compete
  •  Lower input costs – No costly chemicals used, nutrients are created in-situ (in the farm)
  • Drought resistance
  • More profitable – Due to greater food value of organic produce consumers are willing to pay premium prices

Disadvantages of organic farming

  • Productivity – Low productivity is often reported as the quantum nutrient used comparatively lower
  •  Labour intensive – Cultivation requires more labour especially for weed control
  • Skill – requires considerable skill to farm organically Ex. Choice of alternatives for control
    of pests
  • Lack of convenience in management compared to easier management like fertilizer
    application in conventional methods

Synonyms of organic farming
Biological farming
Bio-dynamic farming
Macrobiotic agriculture


  •  Farming in relation to ecosystem.
  • it has the potential for introducing mutually reinforcing ecological approaches to food
  • It aims at the maintenance of soil chemically, biologically and physically the way nature
    would do it left alone.
  • Soil would then take proper care of plants growing on it.
  • Feed the soil, not the plant is the watchword and slogan of ecological farming.

Biological farming

Farming in relation to biological diversity.

Biodynamic farming

Farming which is biologically organic and ecologically sound and sustainable farming.

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